0001819881 false 0001819881 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 0001819881 PAYA:CommonStockParValue0.0001PerShareMember 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 0001819881 PAYA:WarrantsEachToPurchaseOneShareOfCommonStockMember 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

  

 

FORM 8-K

 

 

 CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): June 25, 2021

 

 

Paya Holdings Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware   001-819881   85-2199433
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
  (Commission
File Number)
 
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 

 

303 Perimeter Center North, Suite 600

Atlanta, Georgia

  30346
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(800) 261-0240

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Not Applicable

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading
Symbol(s)
 
  Name of each exchange
on which registered
 
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share   PAYA   Nasdaq Capital Market
Warrants, each to purchase one share of Common Stock   PAYAW   Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

  

Item 1.01     Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

On June 25, 2021, Paya Holdings III, LLC, as Parent borrower, Paya, Inc., as borrower (together, the “Borrowers”), Paya Holdings II, LLC, as Holdings (“Holdings”), each a wholly-owned subsidiary of Paya Holdings Inc. (the “Company”), entered into a new senior secured credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with Credit Suisse AG, Cayman Islands Branch, as administrative agent, collateral agent and L/C issuer (the “Agent”), and the other lenders and L/C issuers party thereto. The Credit Agreement governs new senior secured credit facilities (the “Senior Secured Credit Facilities”), consisting of a $250.0 million senior secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and a $45.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”). The Revolver includes borrowing capacity available for letters of credit. Any issuance of letters of credit will reduce the amount available under the Revolver.

 

The proceeds from the Term Loan will be used (1) to repay, in full, the outstanding loans under the Credit Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2017, among Holdings, the Borrowers, the financial institutions from time to time party thereto as lenders, and Antares Capital LP, as administrative agent (as amended from time to time, the “Existing Credit Agreement”), permanently terminate all commitments thereunder, release and terminate all liens securing such Existing Credit Agreement, and discharge all guarantees thereunder, (2) to pay certain fees and expenses incurred in connection with the Credit Agreement and the repayment of the Existing Credit Agreement, and (3) for working capital and general corporate purposes (including capital expenditures and acquisitions permitted thereunder). At closing of the Credit Agreement, the Revolver was undrawn.

 

The Term Loan has a seven-year maturity and the Revolver has a five-year maturity. The Credit Agreement provides that the Company may make one or more offers to the lenders, and consummate transactions with individual lenders that accept the terms contained in such offers, to extend the maturity date of the lender’s term loans and/or revolving commitments, subject to certain conditions, and any extended term loans or revolving commitments will constitute a separate class of term loans or revolving commitments.

 

All of the Company’s obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities are guaranteed by the subsidiary guarantors named therein. In addition, the obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities are secured by a pledge of 100% of the capital stock of certain domestic subsidiaries owned by the Holdings and a security interest in substantially all of the Company’s and the guarantors’ tangible and intangible assets.

 

At the Company’s option, the Company may request an increase of the commitments under the Revolver or the Term Loan or may add one or more new term loan facilities or revolving credit facilities (collectively, the “Incremental Borrowings”) in an aggregate amount not to exceed the sum of (x) the greater of $61 million and 100% of consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus (y) unused amounts under the Credit Agreement’s general indebtedness basket, so long as certain conditions, including a consolidated first lien net leverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) of not more than 4.25 to 1.00 (on a pari passu basis) or 5.00 to 1.00 (on a junior basis), in each case on a pro forma basis, is satisfied.

 

Borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities bear interest, equal to (i) an ABR rate equal to the greater of (a) the prime rate announced by the Agent or the highest interest rate published by the Federal Reserve Board as the “bank prime loan” rate, (b) the Federal Reserve Bank of New York rate plus 0.5% per annum, and (c) the Eurodollar rate for an interest period of one-month beginning on such day plus 100 basis points, plus 2.25% (provided that the Eurodollar rate applicable to the Term Loan shall not be less than 0.75% per annum); or (ii) the Eurodollar rate (provided that the Eurodollar rate applicable to the Term Loan shall not be less than 0.75% per annum), plus 3.25% . The Company is also required to pay an unused commitment fee to the lenders under the Revolver equal to 0.50% with step-downs to 0.375% and 0.250% when the Company’s consolidated first lien net leverage ratio is less than or equal to 3.75 to 1.00 and 3.25 to 1.00, respectively. The Company must also pay customary letter of credit fees, including a fronting fee as well as administration fees.

 

1

 

 

Commencing December 31, 2021, the Borrowers are required to repay the Term Loan portion of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities in quarterly principal installments equal to 0.25% of the aggregate principal amount outstanding thereunder, with the balance payable at maturity.

 

The Credit Agreement contains a financial covenant that requires Holdings to maintain at the end of each fiscal quarter, commencing with the quarter ending December 31, 2021, a consolidated first lien net leverage ratio of not more than 6.50 to 1.00 but solely to the extent that the aggregate amount under letters of credit and loans outstanding under the Revolver exceeds 35% of the aggregate amount of all revolving commitments.

 

The Credit Agreement also contains a number of covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, the ability of Holdings and its subsidiaries to: (i) incur additional indebtedness; (ii) create liens on assets; (iii) engage in mergers or consolidations; (iv) sell assets; (v) pay dividends and distributions or repurchase the Company’s capital stock; and (vi) change their fiscal year. The Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative covenants and events of default.

 

The foregoing summary of the Credit Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Credit Agreement, which is filed herewith as Exhibit 10.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 1.02     Termination of a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

The information set forth under “Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement” is incorporated into this Item 1.02 by reference.

 

Item 2.03     Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

 

The information set forth under “Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement” is incorporated into this Item 2.03 by reference.

 

Item 9.01     Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d) Exhibits.

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of this Current Report on Form 8-K:

 

Exhibit No.   Description
10.1   Credit Agreement, dated as of June 25, 2021, by and among Paya Holdings III, LLC, as Parent borrower, Paya, Inc., as borrower, Paya Holdings II, LLC, as Holdings, Credit Suisse AG, Cayman Islands Branch, as administrative agent, collateral agent and L/C issuer, and the other lenders and L/C issuers party thereto.
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page iXBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.

 

2

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized. 

 

  PAYA HOLDINGS INC.
   
Date: June 28, 2021 By: /s/ Glenn Renzulli
  Name:  Glenn Renzulli
  Title: Chief Financial Officer

 

 

3

 

Exhibit 10.1

 

Execution Version

 

 

 

CREDIT AGREEMENT

 

Dated as of June 25, 2021

 

among

 

Paya Holdings III, LLC,

as Parent Borrower

 

Paya, Inc.

as a Borrower,

 

Paya Holdings II, LLC,
as holdings,

 

CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLANDS BRANCH,

as Administrative Agent, Collateral Agent and an L/C Issuer,

 

and

 

The Other Lenders and L/C Issuers Party Hereto

 

 

 

 

 

CREDIT SUISSE LOAN FUNDING LLC, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., Jefferies Finance LLC and Golub Capital LLC

as Joint Lead Arrangers and Bookrunners

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page
ARTICLE I.
Definitions and Accounting Terms
     
Section 1.01 Defined Terms   1
Section 1.02 Other Interpretive Provisions   75
Section 1.03 Accounting Terms   78
Section 1.04 Rounding   78
Section 1.05 References to Agreements and Laws   78
Section 1.06 Times of Day   78
Section 1.07 Timing of Payment or Performance   78
Section 1.08 Currency Equivalents Generally   79
Section 1.09 Benchmark Conforming Changes   79
Section 1.10 Letter of Credit Amounts   79
Section 1.11 Pro Forma Calculations   80
Section 1.12 Calculation of Baskets   80
Section 1.13 Alternative Currencies   80
       
ARTICLE II.
The Commitments and Credit Extensions
       
Section 2.01 The Loans   81
Section 2.02 Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans   81
Section 2.03 Letters of Credit   83
Section 2.04 [Reserved]   90
Section 2.05 Prepayments   90
Section 2.06 Termination or Reduction of Commitments   94
Section 2.07 Repayment of Loans   95
Section 2.08 Interest   96
Section 2.09 Fees   96
Section 2.10 Computation of Interest and Fees   96
Section 2.11 Evidence of Indebtedness   97
Section 2.12 Payments Generally; Administrative Agent’s Clawback   97
Section 2.13 Sharing of Payments   99
Section 2.14 Incremental Facilities   100
Section 2.15 New Incremental Debt   104
Section 2.16 Cash Collateral.   105
Section 2.17 Defaulting Lenders   106
Section 2.18 Specified Refinancing Debt   108
Section 2.19 Permitted Debt Exchanges   109
Section 2.20 Co-Borrowers   110
       
ARTICLE III.
Taxes, Increased Costs Protection and Illegality
       
Section 3.01 Taxes   112
Section 3.02 [Reserved]   115
Section 3.03 Illegality   115
Section 3.04 Inability to Determine Rates   115
Section 3.05 Increased Cost and Reduced Return; Capital Adequacy and Liquidity Requirements   116
Section 3.06 Funding Losses   117
Section 3.07 Matters Applicable to All Requests for Compensation   118
Section 3.08 Replacement of Lenders under Certain Circumstances   119

 

i

 

 

ARTICLE IV.
Conditions Precedent to Credit Extensions
       
Section 4.01 Conditions to the Initial Credit Extension on the Closing Date   120
Section 4.02 Conditions to All Credit Extensions   122
       
ARTICLE V.
Representations and Warranties
       
Section 5.01 Existence, Qualification and Power; Compliance with Laws   122
Section 5.02 Authorization; No Contravention   123
Section 5.03 Governmental Authorization; Other Consents   123
Section 5.04 Binding Effect   123
Section 5.05 Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect   123
Section 5.06 Litigation   123
Section 5.07 Use of Proceeds   124
Section 5.08 Ownership of Real Property; Liens   124
Section 5.09 Environmental Compliance   124
Section 5.10 Taxes   125
Section 5.11 Employee Benefits Plans   125
Section 5.12 Subsidiaries; Capital Stock   125
Section 5.13 Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act   126
Section 5.14 Disclosure   126
Section 5.15 Compliance with Laws   126
Section 5.16 Intellectual Property.   126
Section 5.17 Solvency   126
Section 5.18 Perfection, Etc.   126
Section 5.19 Sanctions; OFAC   127
Section 5.20 Anti-Corruption Laws   127
       
ARTICLE VI.
Affirmative Covenants
       
Section 6.01 Financial Statements   128
Section 6.02 Certificates; Other Information   129
Section 6.03 Notices   130
Section 6.04 Payment of Taxes   130
Section 6.05 Preservation of Existence, Etc.   130
Section 6.06 Maintenance of Properties   130
Section 6.07 Maintenance of Insurance   131
Section 6.08 Compliance with Laws   131
Section 6.09 Books and Records   131
Section 6.10 Inspection Rights   131
Section 6.11 Use of Proceeds   132
Section 6.12 Covenant to Guarantee Obligations and Give Security   132
Section 6.13 Compliance with Environmental Laws   133
Section 6.14 Further Assurances   133
Section 6.15 Maintenance of Ratings   133
Section 6.16 Post-Closing Undertakings   134
Section 6.17 No Change in Line of Business   134
Section 6.18 Transactions with Affiliates.   134
       
ARTICLE VII.
Negative Covenants
       
Section 7.01 Indebtedness   137

 

ii

 

 

Section 7.02 Limitations on Liens   144
Section 7.03 Fundamental Changes   144
Section 7.04 Asset Sales   145
Section 7.05 Restricted Payments   146
Section 7.06 Burdensome Agreements   153
Section 7.07 Accounting Changes   155
Section 7.08 Financial Covenant   155
Section 7.09 Holding Company   156
Section 7.10 Organizational Documents   156
       
ARTICLE VIII.
Events of Default and Remedies
       
Section 8.01 Events of Default   156
Section 8.02 Remedies Upon Event of Default   159
Section 8.03 Right to Cure   160
Section 8.04 Application of Funds   161
       
ARTICLE IX.
Administrative Agent and Other Agents
       
Section 9.01 Appointment and Authorization of Agents.   162
Section 9.02 Delegation of Duties   163
Section 9.03 Liability of Agents.   164
Section 9.04 Reliance by Agents   165
Section 9.05 Notice of Default   165
Section 9.06 Credit Decision; Disclosure of Information by Agents   166
Section 9.07 Indemnification of Agents   166
Section 9.08 Agents in their Individual Capacities   167
Section 9.09 Successor Agents   167
Section 9.10 Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim   168
Section 9.11 Collateral and Guaranty Matters   168
Section 9.12 Other Agents; Arranger and Managers   170
Section 9.13 Secured Cash Management Agreements and Secured Hedge Agreements   170
Section 9.14 Appointment of Supplemental Agents, Incremental Arrangers, Incremental Debt Arrangers and Specified Refinancing Agents   170
Section 9.15 Intercreditor Agreement   171
Section 9.16 Withholding Tax   172
Section 9.17 Certain ERISA Matters   172
Section 9.18 Credit Bidding   173
Section 9.19 Erroneous Payments   174
       

ARTICLE X.

Miscellaneous

       
Section 10.01 Amendments, Etc.   175
Section 10.02 Notices; Electronic Communications   178
Section 10.03 No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies; Enforcement   179
Section 10.04 Expenses   180
Section 10.05 Indemnification by the Borrowers   181
Section 10.06 Payments Set Aside   181
Section 10.07 Successors and Assigns   182
Section 10.08 Confidentiality   188
Section 10.09 Setoff   189
Section 10.10 Interest Rate Limitation   189
Section 10.11 Counterparts   189

 

iii

 

 

Section 10.12 Integration; Effectiveness   190
Section 10.13 Survival of Representations and Warranties   190
Section 10.14 Severability   190
Section 10.15 Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Etc.   190
Section 10.16 Service of Process   191
Section 10.17 Waiver of Right to Trial by Jury   191
Section 10.18 Binding Effect   191
Section 10.19 No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility   191
Section 10.20 Affiliate Activities.   192
Section 10.21 Electronic Execution of Assignments and Certain Other Documents   192
Section 10.22 USA PATRIOT Act; Beneficial Ownership Regulation   192
Section 10.23 Judgment Currency   193
Section 10.24 Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of Affected Financial Institutions   193
Section 10.25 Net Short Positions   193
Section 10.26 Acknowledgement Regarding Any Supported QFCs   194

 

 

SCHEDULES
   
1 Guarantors
1.01(e) Contracts Prohibiting Subsidiary Guarantees
2.01 Commitments and Pro Rata Shares
5.12 Subsidiaries and Other Equity Investments
5.16 Registered Intellectual Property
6.16 Post-Closing Undertakings
6.18 Transactions with Affiliates
7.01 Closing Date Indebtedness
7.02 Closing Date Liens
7.05 Closing Date Investments
10.02 Administrative Agent’s Office
   
   
EXHIBITS
   
Form of
A-1 Committed Loan Notice
A-2 Request for L/C Credit Extension
C-1 Term Note
C-2 Revolving Credit Note
D Compliance Certificate
E-1 Assignment and Assumption
E-2 Affiliate Lender Assignment and Assumption
F-1 Holdings Guaranty
F-2 Subsidiary Guaranty
G Security Agreement
I Solvency Certificate
J Intercompany Subordination Agreement
K-1 U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate
K-2 U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate
K-3 U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate
K-4 U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate
L-1 Optional Prepayment of Loans
M First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement
N Pari Passu Intercreditor Agreement
O Borrower Joinder Agreement

 

iv

 

 

This CREDIT AGREEMENT is entered into as of June 25, 2021, among Paya Holdings III, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Parent Borrower”), Paya, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Paya” and, together with Parent Borrower, the “Borrowers”), Paya Holdings II, LLC (“Holdings”), each lender from time to time party hereto (collectively, the “Lenders” and individually, a “Lender”), each L/C Issuer party hereto and CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLANDS BRANCH (“Credit Suisse”), as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

 

PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS

 

The Borrowers have requested that, upon the satisfaction in full of the conditions precedent set forth in Article IV below, the applicable Lenders (a) make term loans to the Borrowers in an aggregate principal amount of $250,000,000 and (b) make available to the Borrowers a $45,000,000 revolving credit facility for the making, from time to time, of revolving loans and the issuance, from time to time, of letters of credit, in each case on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement.

 

The Borrowers intend to use a portion of the proceeds of the initial borrowing under the Facilities (a) to repay in full the outstanding loans under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2017 (as the same may be modified, amended or restated from time to time, the “Existing Credit Agreement”), among Holdings, the Borrowers, the financial institutions from time to time party thereto as lenders and Antares Capital LP, as administrative agent, (b) for working capital and general corporate purposes (including capital expenditures and acquisitions permitted hereunder), and (c) to pay fees and expenses incurred in connection with this Agreement, the other Loan Documents, the Refinancing (as defined below) and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.

 

In consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, the parties hereto covenant and agree as follows:

 

ARTICLE I.
Definitions and Accounting Terms

 

Section 1.01 Defined Terms. As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:

 

Accepting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 10.01.

 

Acquired Indebtedness” means, with respect to any specified Person, (a) Indebtedness of any other Person existing at the time such other Person is merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into or becomes a Restricted Subsidiary of such specified Person, whether or not such Indebtedness is Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such other Person merging, amalgamating or consolidating with or into, or becoming a Restricted Subsidiary of, such specified Person and (b) Indebtedness secured by a Lien encumbering any asset acquired by such specified Person.

 

Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate” means, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing for any Interest Period, an interest rate per annum equal to (a) with respect to the initial Term Loans, the Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period (which, if less than 0.75%, shall be deemed to be 0.75%) multiplied by the Statutory Reserve Rate and (b) with respect to the Revolving Credit Facility, the Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period (which, if negative, shall be deemed to be 0.00%), multiplied by the Statutory Reserve Rate.

 

Administrative Agent” means Credit Suisse acting through such of its Affiliates or branches as it may designate, in its capacity as administrative agent under any of the Loan Documents, or any successor administrative agent permitted by the terms hereof.

 

Administrative Agent’s Office” means the Administrative Agent’s address and, as appropriate, account as set forth on Schedule 10.02 or such other address or account as the Administrative Agent may from time to time notify the Parent Borrower and the Lenders.

 

1

 

 

Administrative Questionnaire” means an Administrative Questionnaire in the form approved by the Administrative Agent.

 

Affected Financial Institution” means (a) any EEA Financial Institution or (b) any UK Financial Institution.

 

Affiliate” of any specified Person means any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with such specified Person. For purposes of this definition, “control” (including, with correlative meanings, the terms “controlling,” “controlled by” and “under common control with”), as used with respect to any Person, means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by agreement or otherwise. For purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, Jefferies LLC and its Affiliates shall be deemed to be Affiliates of Jefferies Finance LLC and its Affiliates.

 

Affiliate Lender Assignment and Assumption” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(i)(i).

 

Affiliate Lenders” means, collectively, the Sponsor and its Affiliates (other than any Natural Person, Holdings, the Borrowers and any of Holdings’ or the Borrowers’ respective Subsidiaries).

 

Affiliate Transaction” has the meaning specified in Section 6.18(a).

 

Agent-Related Persons” means each Agent, together with its Related Parties.

 

Agents” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Arrangers and the Supplemental Agents (if any).

 

Aggregate Commitments” means the Commitments of all the Lenders.

 

Agreement” means this credit agreement.

 

Agreement Currency” has the meaning specified in Section 10.23.

 

All-in Yield” means, with respect to any Indebtedness, the yield of such Indebtedness, whether in the form of interest rate, margin, OID, upfront fees, index floors or otherwise, in each case payable by the Borrowers generally to lenders of such Indebtedness, provided that (i) OID and upfront fees shall be equated to interest rate assuming a four-year life to maturity, (ii) “All-in Yield” shall not include arrangement fees, structuring fees, ticking fees, commitment fees, unused line fees, underwriting fees, success fees, advisory fees, consent fees and any amendment and similar fees (regardless of whether paid in whole or in part to the relevant lenders), (iii) any other fees not generally paid ratably to all lenders of such Indebtedness in the initial syndication thereof, (iv) with respect to any applicable Loans or any other applicable Indebtedness that includes a Eurocurrency Rate floor or Base Rate floor, (1) to the extent that the Eurocurrency Rate or Base Rate on the date that the All-In Yield is being calculated is less than such floor, the amount of such difference shall be deemed added to the All-In Yield for such Loans or such other applicable Indebtedness for the purpose of calculating the All-In Yield and (2) to the extent that the Eurocurrency Rate or Base Rate on the date that the All-In Yield is being calculated is equal to or greater than such floor, then the floor shall be disregarded in calculating the All-In Yield and (v) the “All-In Yield” shall not reflect account fluctuations in the underlying reference rate or fluctuations in currency valuations.

 

Alternative Currency” means other currencies as may be approved by the Administrative Agent, the L/C Issuers (in the case of Letters of Credit to be issued by such L/C Issuers) and each of the Revolving Credit Lenders. For the avoidance of doubt, a Revolving Credit Lender shall not constitute a Defaulting Lender solely as a result of not agreeing to provide Revolving Credit Loans in other currencies pursuant to this definition.

 

Alternative Currency Equivalent” means, at any time, with respect to any amount denominated in Dollars, the equivalent amount thereof in the applicable Alternative Currency, by using the rate of exchange for the purchase of dollars with the Alternative Currency in the London foreign exchange market at or about 11:00 a.m. London time (or New York time, as applicable) on a particular day as displayed by ICE Data Services as the “ask price,” or as displayed on such other information service which publishes that rate of exchange from time to time in place of ICE Data Services (or if such service ceases to be available, the equivalent of such amount in dollars as determined by the Administrative Agent or an L/C Issuer, as the case may be).

 

2

 

 

Alternative Currency Loan” means a Loan denominated in an Alternative Currency.

 

Anticipated Cure Deadline” has the meaning specified in Section 8.03(a).

 

Anti-Corruption Laws” has the meaning specified in Section 5.20.

 

Applicable Commitment Fee” means a percentage per annum equal to (a) from the Closing Date until the first Business Day that immediately follows the date on which a Compliance Certificate is delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) in respect of the first full fiscal quarter ending after the Closing Date, 0.50% per annum, and (b) thereafter, the applicable percentage per annum set forth below, as determined by reference to Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, as set forth in the most recent Compliance Certificate received by the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 6.02(a):

 

Applicable Commitment Fee
Pricing Level Consolidated First Lien Net
Leverage Ratio
Applicable
Commitment Fee
1 > 3.75:1.00 0.500%
2 < 3.75:1.00 and > 3.25:1.00 0.375%
3 < 3.25:1.00 0.250%

 

Any increase or decrease in the Applicable Commitment Fee resulting from a change in the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio shall become effective as of the first Business Day immediately following the date the applicable Compliance Certificate is delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a); provided, however, that “Pricing Level 1” shall apply without regard to the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio at any time after the date on which any annual or quarterly financial statement was required to have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or Section 6.01(b) but was not delivered (or the Compliance Certificate related to such financial statements was required to have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) but was not delivered (in each case, after giving effect to any applicable grace period in Section 8.01)), commencing with the first Business Day immediately following such date and continuing until the first Business Day immediately following the date on which such financial statements (or, if later, the Compliance Certificate related to such financial statements) are delivered.

 

Applicable Discount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements” means (i) in the case of Indebtedness secured by Liens on a junior basis to the Facilities, an intercreditor agreement substantially in the form of the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement and (ii) in the case of Indebtedness secured on a pari passu basis to the Facilities, an intercreditor agreement substantially in the form of the Pari Passu Intercreditor Agreement, in each case, with such other changes as are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

 

Applicable Rate” means (a) a percentage per annum equal to, with respect to the Initial Term Loans, 3.25% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans and 2.25% per annum for Base Rate Loans; and

 

(b) a percentage per annum equal to, with respect to the Revolving Credit Facility, 3.25% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans and 2.25% per annum for Base Rate Loans.

 

Appropriate Lender” means, at any time, (a) with respect to either the Term Facility or the Revolving Credit Facility, a Lender that has a Commitment with respect to such Facility or holds a Term Loan or a Revolving Credit Loan, respectively, at such time, (b) with respect to the Letter of Credit Sublimit, (i) each L/C Issuer and (ii) if any Letters of Credit have been issued pursuant to Section 2.03(a), the Revolving Credit Lenders, (c) with respect to any New Term Facility, a Lender that holds a New Term Loan at such time, and (d) with respect to any Specified Refinancing Debt, a Lender that holds Specified Refinancing Term Loans or Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans.

 

3

 

 

Approved Electronic Platform” means IntraLinks™, DebtDomain, SyndTrak, ClearPar or any other electronic platform chosen by the Administrative Agent to be its electronic transmission system.

 

Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered, advised or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers, advises or manages a Lender.

 

Arrangers” means Credit Suisse Loan Funding LLC, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., Jefferies Finance LLC and Golub Capital LLC.

 

Asset Sale” means:

 

(a) the sale, conveyance, transfer or other disposition (whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions) of property or assets (including by way of a Sale/Leaseback Transaction) of Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary, or

 

(b) the issuance or sale of Equity Interests (other than preferred stock of Restricted Subsidiaries issued in compliance with Section 7.01 and directors’ qualifying shares or shares or interests required to be held by foreign nationals or other third parties to the extent required by applicable law) of any Restricted Subsidiary (other than to Holdings, a Borrower or another Restricted Subsidiary) (whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions).

 

Notwithstanding the preceding, none of the following items will be deemed to be an Asset Sale:

 

(a) a sale, conveyance, transfer, exchange or other disposition of cash, Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities, or of obsolete, damaged, unnecessary, unsuitable or worn out equipment or other assets in the ordinary course of business, or other assets no longer used, useful or economically practicable to maintain in the conduct of the business of Holdings and its Restricted Subsidiaries (including allowing any registrations or any applications for registration of any intellectual property to lapse or become abandoned);

 

(b) the sale, conveyance, lease or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of Holdings and its Subsidiaries in compliance with the provisions of Section 7.03;

 

(c) any Restricted Payment that is permitted to be made, and is made, pursuant to Section 7.05 or any Permitted Investment;

 

(d) any Disposition of assets or issuance or sale of Equity Interests of Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, in a single transaction or series of related transactions, with an aggregate Fair Market Value that is less than or equal to the greater of (x) 6,100,000 and (y) 10% of Consolidated EBITDA on a Pro Forma Basis;

 

(e) any transfer or Disposition of property or assets or issuance or sale of Equity Interests by a Restricted Subsidiary to Holdings or by Holdings or a Restricted Subsidiary to another Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(f) the creation of any Lien permitted under this Agreement;

 

(g) any issuance, sale, pledge or other disposition of Equity Interests in, or Indebtedness or other securities of, an Unrestricted Subsidiary;

 

4

 

 

(h) the sale, lease, assignment, license or sublease of inventory, equipment, accounts receivable, notes receivable or other current assets held for sale in the ordinary course of business or the conversion of accounts receivable to notes receivable or dispositions of accounts receivable in connection with the collection or compromise thereof;

 

(i) the lease, assignment, license, sublicense or sublease of any real or personal property in the ordinary course of business;

 

(j) a sale, assignment or other transfer of Receivables Assets, or participations therein, and related assets (i) to a Receivables Subsidiary in a Qualified Receivables Financing or (ii) to any other Person in a Qualified Receivables Factoring;

 

(k) a sale, assignment or other transfer of Receivables Assets, or participations therein, and related assets by a Receivables Subsidiary in a Qualified Receivables Financing;

 

(l) any exchange of assets for Related Business Assets (including a combination of Related Business Assets and cash or Cash Equivalents) of comparable or greater market value than the assets exchanged, as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower; provided that if any cash and Cash Equivalents received are more than a de minimis amount, such cash and Cash Equivalents shall be treated as having been received on account of an Asset Sale (unless a separate exclusion in this definition applies);

 

(m) (i) non-exclusive licenses, sublicenses or cross-licenses of intellectual property or other general intangibles and (ii) exclusive licenses, sublicenses or cross-licenses of intellectual property or other general intangibles in the ordinary course of business of Holdings and the Restricted Subsidiaries of Holdings;

 

(n) any transfer in a Sale/Leaseback Transaction of any property acquired or built after the Closing Date; provided that such sale is for at least Fair Market Value;

 

(o) the surrender or waiver of obligations of trade creditors or customers or other contract rights that were incurred in the ordinary course of business of Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary of Holdings, including pursuant to any plan of reorganization or similar arrangement upon the bankruptcy or insolvency of any trade creditor or customer or compromise, settlement, release or surrender of a contract, tort or other litigation claim, arbitration or other disputes;

 

(p) Dispositions arising from foreclosures, condemnations, eminent domain, seizure, nationalization or any similar action with respect to assets, dispositions of property subject to casualty events (except for purposes of calculating Net Cash Proceeds of any Asset Sale under the second and third paragraphs of Section 7.04);

 

(q) Dispositions of Investments (including Equity Interests) in joint ventures to the extent required by, or made pursuant to customary buy/sell arrangements or rights of first refusal between, the joint venture parties set forth in joint venture arrangements and similar binding arrangements;

 

(r) to the extent allowable under Section 1031 of the Code, any exchange of like property (excluding any boot thereon) for use in a Similar Business;

 

(s) the issuance of directors’ qualifying shares and shares issued to foreign nationals to the extent required by applicable law;

 

(t) Dispositions of property to the extent that (i) such property is exchanged for credit against the purchase price of similar replacement property that is promptly purchased or (ii) the proceeds of such Asset Sale are promptly applied to the purchase price of such replacement property (which replacement property is actually promptly purchased);

 

(u) a sale or transfer of equipment receivables, or participations therein, and related assets;

 

5

 

 

(v) the Disposition of (i) assets that are necessary or advisable (as determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith) in order to obtain or increase the likelihood of obtaining the approval of any Governmental Authority to consummate or avoid the prohibition or other restriction on the consummation of any permitted acquisition of any Person, business or assets and (ii) non-core assets acquired in a permitted acquisition;

 

(w) samples, including time-limited evaluation software, provided to customers or prospective customers;

 

(x) de minimis amounts of equipment or other assets provided to employees;

 

(y) sales, transfers, leases or other dispositions to or by Holdings or a Restricted Subsidiary pursuant to Intercompany License Agreements; and

 

(z) additional Dispositions in an amount not to exceed the greater of (x) $21,500,000 and (y) 35% of Consolidated EBITDA on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, the unwinding of Swap Contracts shall not be deemed to constitute an Asset Sale.

 

Assignee Group” means two or more Eligible Assignees that are Affiliates of one another or two or more Approved Funds managed by the same investment advisor.

 

Assignment and Assumption” means an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 10.07), and accepted by the Administrative Agent, in the form of Exhibit E-1 or any other form (including electronic records generated by the use of an electronic platform) approved by the Administrative Agent.

 

Auction Amount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Auction Notice” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit” has the meaning specified in Section 2.03(c)(iii).

 

Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an Affected Financial Institution.

 

Bail-In Legislation” means (a) with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law, rule, regulation or requirement for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 (as amended from time to time) and any other law, regulation or rule applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).

 

Bankruptcy Event” means, with respect to any Person, such Person becomes the subject of a voluntary or involuntary bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding, or has had a receiver, conservator, trustee, administrator, custodian, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with the reorganization or liquidation of its business appointed for it, or, in the good faith determination of the Administrative Agent, has taken any action in furtherance of, or indicating its consent to, approval of, or acquiescence in, any such proceeding or appointment or has had any order for relief in such proceeding entered in respect thereof, provided that a Bankruptcy Event shall not result solely by virtue of any ownership interest, or the acquisition of any ownership interest, in such Person by a Governmental Authority or instrumentality thereof, unless such ownership interest results in or provides such Person with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permits such Person (or such Governmental Authority or instrumentality) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made by such Person.

 

6

 

 

Base Rate” means, for any day, a rate per annum equal to the greatest of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day, (b) the NYFRB Rate in effect on such day plus ½ of 1% per annum, (c) the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate for a one month Interest Period on such day (or if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day) plus 1% per annum; provided that for the purpose of this clause (c), the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate for any day shall be based on the Screen Rate (or if the Screen Rate is not available for such one month Interest Period, the Interpolated Rate) at approximately 11:00 a.m. London time on such day, (d) solely with respect to Initial Term Loans, 1.75% per annum and (e) for any Loans that are not Initial Term Loans, 1.00% per annum. Any change in the Base Rate due to a change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate shall be effective from and including the effective date of such change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, respectively. If the Base Rate is being used as an alternate rate of interest pursuant to Section 3.04 hereof, then the Base Rate shall be the greater of clauses (a) and (b) above and shall be determined without reference to clause (c) above.

 

Base Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest based on the Base Rate.

 

Benchmark” means, initially, the Eurocurrency Rate; provided that if a Benchmark Transition Event or an Early Opt-in Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to the Screen Rate or the then-current Benchmark, then “Benchmark” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement to the extent that such Benchmark Replacement has replaced such prior benchmark rate pursuant to Section 3.04.

 

Benchmark Replacement” means the sum of: (a) the alternate benchmark rate (which may be a SOFR-Based Rate) that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower giving due consideration to (i) any selection or recommendation of a replacement rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the Relevant Governmental Body or (ii) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a rate of interest as a replacement to the Benchmark for U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities and (b) the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment; provided that, if the Benchmark Replacement as so determined would be less than (i) in the case of the Initial Term Loans, 0.75%, the Benchmark Replacement will be deemed to be 0.75% for the purposes of this Agreement and (ii) otherwise, 0.00%, the Benchmark Replacement will be deemed to be 0.00% for the purposes of this Agreement.

 

Benchmark Replacement Adjustment” means, with respect to any replacement of Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate with an Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for each applicable Interest Period, the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower giving due consideration to (i) any selection or recommendation of a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of the Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement by the Relevant Governmental Body or (ii) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of the Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities at such time.

 

Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes” means, with respect to any Benchmark Replacement, any technical, administrative or operational changes (including changes to the definition of “Base Rate,” the definition of “Interest Period,” timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest and other administrative matters) that the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower decide may be appropriate to reflect the adoption and implementation of such Benchmark Replacement and to permit the administration thereof by the Administrative Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower decide that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower determine that no market practice for the administration of the Benchmark Replacement exists, in such other manner of administration as the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower decide is reasonably necessary in connection with the administration of this Agreement).

 

Benchmark Replacement Date” means the earlier to occur of the following events with respect to the Benchmark:

 

(1) in the case of clause (1) or (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the later of (a) the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein and (b) the date on which the administrator of the Benchmark permanently or indefinitely ceases to provide the Benchmark; or

 

7

 

 

(2) in the case of clause (3) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein.

 

Benchmark Transition Event” means the occurrence of one or more of the following events with respect to the Benchmark:

 

(1) a public statement or publication of information by or on behalf of the administrator of the Benchmark announcing that such administrator has ceased or will cease to provide the Benchmark, permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide the Benchmark;

 

(2) a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of the Benchmark, the U.S. Federal Reserve System, an insolvency official with jurisdiction over the administrator for the Benchmark, a resolution authority with jurisdiction over the administrator for the Benchmark or a court or an entity with similar insolvency or resolution authority over the administrator for the Benchmark, which states that the administrator of the Benchmark has ceased or will cease to provide the Benchmark permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide the Benchmark; or

 

(3) a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of the Benchmark announcing that the Benchmark is no longer representative.

 

Benchmark Transition Start Date” means (a) in the case of a Benchmark Transition Event, the earlier of (i) the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date and (ii) if such Benchmark Transition Event is a public statement or publication of information of a prospective event, the 90th day prior to the expected date of such event as of such public statement or publication of information (or if the expected date of such prospective event is fewer than 90 days after such statement or publication, the date of such statement or publication) and (b) in the case of an Early Opt-in Election, the date specified by the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders, as applicable, by notice to the Parent Borrower, the Administrative Agent (in the case of such notice by the Required Lenders) and the Lenders.

 

Benchmark Unavailability Period” means, if a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to the Benchmark and solely to the extent that the Benchmark has not been replaced with a Benchmark Replacement, the period (x) beginning at the time that such Benchmark Replacement Date has occurred if, at such time, no Benchmark Replacement has replaced the Benchmark for all purposes hereunder in accordance with the Section 3.04 and (y) ending at the time that a Benchmark Replacement has replaced the Benchmark for all purposes hereunder pursuant to the Section 3.04.

 

Beneficial Ownership Certification” means a certification regarding beneficial ownership as required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.

 

Beneficial Ownership Regulation” means 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.

 

Benefit Plan” means any of (a) an “employee benefit plan” (as defined in ERISA) that is subject to Title I of ERISA, (b) a “plan” as defined in and subject to Section 4975 of the Code or (c) any Person whose assets include (for purposes of ERISA Section 3(42) or otherwise for purposes of Title I of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) the assets of any such “employee benefit plan” or “plan”.

 

Board of Directors” means as to any Person, the board of directors, board of managers, sole member or managing member or other governing body of such Person, or if such Person is owned or managed by a single entity or has a general partner, the board of directors, board of managers, sole member or managing member or other governing body of such entity or general partner, or in each case, any duly authorized committee thereof, and the term “directors” means members of the Board of Directors.

 

8

 

 

Borrowers” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement and shall include any Restricted Subsidiary that is a Domestic Subsidiary that, after the Closing Date, becomes a Borrower by executing a Borrower Joinder Agreement pursuant to Section 2.20; provided that any such Domestic Subsidiary that has become a Borrower after the Closing Date (a “Subsidiary Borrower”) may have its status as a Borrower terminated by delivering a notice to the Administrative Agent from the Parent Borrower and such Subsidiary Borrower electing to terminate such Subsidiary’s status as a Borrower, provided, further, that no such termination shall affect any obligation of such Subsidiary as a Guarantor or as a “Grantor” under any Loan Document.

 

Borrower Joinder Agreement” means a joinder agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit O or such other form as may be agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

 

Borrower Materials” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.

 

Borrower Parties” means the collective reference to Holdings, the Borrowers and the other Restricted Subsidiaries, and “Borrower Party” means any one of them.

 

Borrowing” means a Revolving Credit Borrowing or a Term Borrowing, as the context may require.

 

Business Day” means:

 

(1) any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the Laws of, or are in fact closed in, New York City;

 

(2) if such day relates to any interest rate settings as to a Eurocurrency Rate Loan denominated in Dollars, Euros or Pounds Sterling, means any such day described in clause (1) above that is also a London Banking Day;

 

(3) if such day relates to any interest rate settings as to a Eurocurrency Rate Loan denominated in Canadian Dollars, any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the Laws of the Province of Ontario, or are in fact closed in Toronto, Ontario, that is also a day on which banks are open for foreign exchange business in Toronto, Ontario; and

 

(4) if such day relates to any interest rate settings as to a Eurocurrency Rate Loan denominated in an Alternative Currency other than Euros, Pounds Sterling or Canadian Dollars, any fundings, disbursements, settlements or payments in such Alternative Currency, or any other dealings in such Alternative Currency to be carried out pursuant to this Agreement in respect of any such Eurocurrency Rate Loan (other than any interest rate settings), means any such day on which banks are open for foreign exchange business in the principal financial center of the country of such currency.

 

Canadian Dollars” means freely transferable lawful money of Canada (expressed in Canadian dollars).

 

Capital Stock” means:

 

(1) in the case of a corporation or company, corporate stock or share capital;

 

(2) in the case of an association or business entity, any and all shares, interests, participations, rights or other equivalents (however designated) of corporate stock;

 

(3) in the case of a partnership or limited liability company, partnership or membership interests (whether general or limited); and

 

(4) any other interest or participation that confers on a Person the right to receive a share of the profits and losses of, or distributions of assets of, the issuing Person (it being understood and agreed, for the avoidance of doubt, that “cash-settled phantom appreciation programs” in connection with employee benefits that do not require a dividend or distribution shall not constitute Capital Stock).

 

9

 

 

Capitalized Lease Obligation” means at the time any determination thereof is to be made, the amount of the liability in respect of a capital lease that would at such time be required to be capitalized and reflected as a liability on a balance sheet (excluding the footnotes thereto) in accordance with GAAP.

 

Cash-Capped Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Cash Collateralize” means to pledge and deposit with or deliver to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Administrative Agent or L/C Issuer (as applicable) and the Lenders, as collateral for L/C Obligations or obligations of Lenders to fund participations in respect of either thereof (as the context may require), cash, Cash Equivalents (if reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the applicable L/C Issuer) or deposit account balances (in the case of L/C Obligations in the respective currency or currencies in which the applicable L/C Obligations are denominated, unless otherwise agreed by the Administrative Agent or L/C Issuer benefitting from such collateral) or, if the Administrative Agent or L/C Issuer benefiting from such collateral shall agree in its sole discretion, other credit support (including by backstop with a letter of credit satisfactory to the applicable L/C Issuer or by being deemed reissued under another agreement acceptable to the applicable L/C Issuer), in each case pursuant to documentation in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to (a) the Administrative Agent and (b) the applicable L/C Issuer (which documents are hereby consented to by the Lenders). “Cash Collateral” shall have a meaning correlative to the foregoing and shall include the proceeds of such cash collateral and other credit support.

 

Cash Contribution Amount” means the aggregate amount of cash contributions made to the capital of Holdings, the Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor (other than from Holdings or a Restricted Subsidiary) and designated as a “Cash Contribution Amount” as described in the definition of “Contribution Indebtedness.”

 

Cash Equivalents” means:

 

(1) Dollars, Canadian Dollars, Pounds Sterling, euros, the national currency of any participating member state of the European Union and, with respect to any Foreign Subsidiaries, other currencies held by such Foreign Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business;

 

(2) securities issued or directly guaranteed or insured by the government of the United States, United Kingdom or any country that is a member of the European Union (as it is constituted on the Closing Date) or any agency or instrumentality thereof in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition;

 

(3) money market deposits, certificates of deposit, time deposits and eurodollar time deposits with maturities of two years or less from the date of acquisition, bankers’ acceptances, in each case with maturities not exceeding two years, and overnight bank deposits, in each case with any commercial bank having capital and surplus in excess of $250,000,000 in the case of domestic banks or $100,000,000 (or the dollar equivalent thereof) in the case of foreign banks;

 

(4) repurchase obligations for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (2) and (3) above and clause (6) below entered into with any financial institution or securities dealers of recognized national standing meeting the qualifications specified in clause (3) above;

 

(5) commercial paper or variable or fixed rate notes issued by a corporation or other Person (other than an Affiliate of the Borrowers) rated at least “A-2” or the equivalent thereof by Moody’s or S&P (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) and in each case maturing within two years after the date of acquisition;

 

(6) readily marketable direct obligations issued by any state, commonwealth or territory of the United States of America or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof having an Investment Grade Rating from either Moody’s or S&P (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition;

 

10

 

 

(7) Indebtedness issued by Persons (other than the Sponsor) with a rating of “A” or higher from S&P or “A-2” or higher from Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition, and marketable short-term money market and similar securities having a rating of at least “A-2” or “P-2” from either S&P or Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency);

 

(8) investment funds investing at least 95% of their assets in investments of the types described in clauses (1) through (7) above and (9) and (10) below;

 

(9) Investments with average maturities of 12 months or less from the date of acquisition in money market funds rated AAA (or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or Aaa3 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency); and

 

(10) in the case of investments by any Foreign Subsidiary or investments made in a country outside the United States of America, other investments of comparable tenor and credit quality to those described in the foregoing clauses (1) through (9) customarily utilized in the countries where such Foreign Subsidiary is located or in which such investment is made.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Cash Equivalents shall include amounts denominated in currencies other than those set forth in clause (1) above; provided that such amounts are converted into any currency listed in clause (1) as promptly as practicable and in any event within ten Business Days following the receipt of such amounts.

 

Cash Interest Coverage Ratio” means, with respect to any Person as of any date, the ratio of (1) Consolidated EBITDA of such Person for the most recent period of four consecutive fiscal quarters for which internal financial statements are available immediately preceding the date on which such calculation of the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio is made, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis for such period to (2) Consolidated Interest Expense of such Person paid in cash for such period. In the event that Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries Incurs or redeems or repays any Indebtedness (other than in the case of revolving credit borrowings or revolving advances under any Qualified Receivables Financing unless the related commitments have been terminated and such Indebtedness has been permanently repaid and has not been replaced) or issues or redeems Preferred Stock or Disqualified Stock subsequent to the commencement of the period for which the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio is being calculated but prior to, substantially simultaneously with or in connection with, the event for which the calculation of the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio is made, then the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio shall be calculated on a Pro Forma Basis; provided that, in the event that the Borrowers shall classify Indebtedness Incurred on the date of determination as Incurred in part as Ratio Debt and in part pursuant to one or more clauses of the definition of “Permitted Debt” (other than in respect of clause (o) of such definition), any calculation of Consolidated Interest Expense pursuant to this definition on such date (but not in respect of any future calculation following such date) shall not include any such Indebtedness (and shall not give effect to any repayment, repurchase, redemption, defeasance or other acquisition, retirement or discharge of Indebtedness from the proceeds thereof) to the extent Incurred pursuant to any such other clause of such definition; provided that when determining the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio in respect of any four-quarter period ending prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date, Consolidated Interest Expense will be calculated by multiplying the aggregate Consolidated Interest Expense accrued since the Closing Date by 365 and then dividing such product by the number of days from and including the Closing Date to and including the last day of such period.

 

Cash Management Agreement” means any agreement or arrangement to provide Cash Management Services to Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Cash Management Bank” means (a) any Person that (i) at the time it enters into a Cash Management Agreement, is a Lender or an Agent or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent, (ii) in the case of any Cash Management Agreement in effect on or prior to the Closing Date, is, as of the Closing Date or within 30 days thereafter, a Lender or an Agent or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent and a party to a Cash Management Agreement or (iii) within 30 days after the time it enters into the applicable Cash Management Agreement, becomes a Lender or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent, in each case, in its capacity as a party to such Cash Management Agreement and (b) any other financial institution so long as it is a party to a Cash Management Agreement with a Loan Party and has delivered to the Administrative Agent a written notice (1) appointing the Administrative Agent as its agent under the applicable Loan Documents and (2) agreeing to be bound by Article IX and Sections 10.05, 10.15 and 10.17 as if such Person were a Lender; provided that this clause (b) shall not create in favor of such Person any rights in connection with the terms of the Loan Documents or management or release of Collateral or the obligations of any Loan Party under the Loan Documents.

 

11

 

 

Cash Management Services” means any of the following to the extent not constituting a line of credit (other than an overnight draft facility that is not in default); automated clearing house transactions, treasury and/or cash management services, including, without limitation, treasury, depository, overdraft, credit, purchasing or debit card, non-card e-payable services, electronic funds transfer, treasury management services (including controlled disbursement services, overdraft automatic clearing house fund transfer services, return items and interstate depository network services), other demand deposit or operating account relationships, foreign exchange facilities, and merchant services.

 

Casualty Event” means any event that gives rise to the receipt by Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary of any insurance proceeds or condemnation awards or that gives rise to a taking by a Governmental Authority in respect of any equipment, fixed assets or real property (including any improvements thereon) to replace, restore or repair, or compensate for the loss of, such equipment, fixed assets or real property.

 

CERCLA” means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980.

 

CERCLIS” means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

 

Change in Law” means the occurrence after the date of this Agreement or, with respect to any Lender, such later date on which such Lender becomes a party to this Agreement of (a) the adoption of or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation, implementation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) compliance by any Lender or L/C Issuer (or, for purposes of Section 2.15(b), by any lending office of such Lender or by such Lender’s or L/C Issuer’s holding company, if any) with any request, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) of any Governmental Authority made or issued after the date of this Agreement; provided that, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith or in the implementation thereof and (y) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall, in each case, be deemed to be a “Change in Law,” regardless of the date enacted, adopted, issued or implemented.

 

Change of Control” means (a) the failure of Holdings directly or indirectly through wholly owned subsidiaries, to own all of the Equity Interests of the Borrowers, or (b) the acquisition of ownership, directly or indirectly, beneficially or of record, by any Person or group, other than the Permitted Holders, (directly or indirectly, including through one or more holding companies), of the Equity Interests in Holdings representing 50% or more of the aggregate ordinary voting power for the election of members of the Board of Directors of Holdings represented by the issued and outstanding Equity Interests in Holdings, unless the Permitted Holders (directly or indirectly, including through one of more holding companies) otherwise have the right (pursuant to contract, proxy or otherwise), directly or indirectly, to designate, nominate or appoint a majority of the Board of Directors of Holdings. For purposes of this definition, (i) “beneficial ownership” shall be as defined in Rules 13(d)-3 and 13(d)-5 under the Exchange Act, (ii) the phrase Person or “group” is within the meaning of Section 13(d) or 14(d) of the Exchange Act, but excluding any employee benefit plan of such Person or “group” and its subsidiaries and any Person acting in its capacity as trustee, agent or other fiduciary or administrator of any such plan and (iii) if any Person or “group” includes one or more Permitted Holders, the issued and outstanding Equity Interests of Holdings or the Borrower, as applicable, directly or indirectly owned by the Permitted Holders that are part of such Person or “group” shall not be treated as being owned by such Person or “group” for purposes of determining whether clause (b) of this definition is triggered.

 

Closing Date” means June 25, 2021.

 

12

 

 

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

 

Collateral” means all of the “Collateral” (or similar term) referred to in the Collateral Documents and all of the other property and assets that are or are required under the terms of the Collateral Documents to be subject to Liens in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

 

Collateral Agent” means Credit Suisse, acting through such of its Affiliates or branches as it may designate, in its capacity as collateral agent under any of the Loan Documents, or any successor collateral agent permitted by the terms hereof.

 

Collateral Documents” means, collectively, the Security Agreement, the Intellectual Property Security Agreement, each of the collateral assignments, Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements, security agreements, pledge agreements or other similar agreements delivered to the Collateral Agent pursuant to Section 6.12, Section 6.14 or Section 6.16, and each of the other agreements, instruments or documents that creates or purports to create a Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

 

Commitment” means a Term Commitment, a Revolving Credit Commitment or a Letter of Credit Commitment, as the context may require.

 

Committed Loan Notice” means a notice of (a) a Term Borrowing, (b) a Revolving Credit Borrowing, (c) a conversion of Loans from one Type to the other or (d) a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, pursuant to Section 2.02(a), which shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A-1.

 

Commodity Exchange Act” means the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. § 1 et. seq.), as amended from time to time, and any successor statute.

 

Company Competitor” means any Person that competes with the business of Holdings, the Borrowers and their respective direct and indirect Subsidiaries from time to time.

 

Compliance Certificate” means a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit D or such other form as may be agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

 

Consolidated Current Assets” means, with respect to any Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, all assets of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis that, in accordance with GAAP, would be classified as current assets on the balance sheet of a company conducting a business the same as or similar to that of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, after deducting appropriate and adequate reserves therefrom in each case in which a reserve is proper in accordance with GAAP, but excluding (i) cash, (ii) Cash Equivalents, (iii) Swap Contracts to the extent that the mark-to-market Swap Termination Value would be reflected as an asset on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, (iv) deferred financing fees, (v) amounts related to current or deferred taxes (but excluding assets held for sale, loans (permitted) to third parties, pension assets, deferred bank fees and derivative financial instruments) (so long as the items described in clauses (iv) and (v) are non-cash items) and (vi) in the event that a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing is accounted for off balance sheet, (x) gross accounts receivable comprising part of the receivables and other related assets subject to such Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, as applicable, minus (y) collection by such Person against the amounts sold pursuant to clause (x) above.

 

Consolidated Current Liabilities” means, with respect to any Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, all liabilities in accordance with GAAP that would be classified as current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, but excluding (a) the current portion of Indebtedness (including the Swap Termination Value of any Swap Contracts) to the extent reflected as a liability on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, (b) the current portion of interest, (c) accruals for current or deferred taxes based on income or profits, (d) accruals of any costs or expenses related to restructuring reserves or severance, (e) deferred revenue, (f) escrow account balances, (g) the current portion of pension liabilities, (h) liabilities in respect of unpaid earn-outs, (i) amounts related to derivative financial instruments and assets held for sale and (j) any L/C Obligations or Revolving Credit Loans and any letter of credit obligations, swing line loans or revolving loans under any other revolving credit facility.

 

13

 

 

Consolidated EBITDA” means, with respect to any Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis for any period, the Consolidated Net Income of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such period:

 

(1) increased, in each case (other than with respect to clauses (k), (m) and (o) below) to the extent deducted and not added back or excluded in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (and without duplication), by:

 

(a) provision for taxes based on income, profits or capital, including federal and state franchise, excise, property and similar taxes and foreign withholding taxes paid or accrued, including giving effect to any penalties and interest with respect thereto, and state taxes in lieu of business fees (including business license fees) and payroll tax credits, income tax credits and similar credits and including an amount equal to the amount of Tax Distributions actually made to the holders of Equity Interests of such Person or its Restricted Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of such Person or its Subsidiaries in respect of such period (in each case, to the extent attributable to the operations of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries), which shall be included as though such amounts had been paid as income taxes directly by such Person or its Restricted Subsidiaries; plus

 

(b) Consolidated Interest Expense; plus

 

(c) all depreciation and amortization charges and expenses, including amortization or expense recorded for upfront payments related to any contract signing and signing bonus and incentive payments; plus

 

(d) minority interest expense and the amount of any non-controlling interest expense consisting of income attributable to non-controlling interests of third parties in any Restricted Subsidiary of such Person that is not a Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary of such Person; plus

 

(e) the amount of management, monitoring, consulting, transaction and advisory fees (including termination fees) and related indemnities, charges and expenses paid or accrued to or on behalf of any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers or any of the Permitted Holders, in each case, to the extent permitted by Section 6.18; plus

 

(f) earn-out obligations incurred in connection with any acquisition or other Investment and paid or accrued during the applicable period, including any mark to market adjustments; plus

 

(g) all charges, costs, expenses, accruals or reserves in connection with the rollover, acceleration or payout of equity interests held by management and all losses, charges and expenses related to payments made to holders of options or other derivative equity interests in the common equity of such Person or any direct or indirect parent of Holdings in connection with, or as a result of, any distribution being made to equityholders of such Person or any of its direct or indirect parents, which payments are being made to compensate such optionholders as though they were equityholders at the time of, and entitled to share in, such distribution; plus

 

(h) all non-cash losses, charges and expenses, including any write-offs or write-downs; provided that if any such non-cash loss, charge or expense represents an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future four-fiscal quarter period, (i) such Person may determine not to add back such non-cash loss, charge or expense in the period for which Consolidated EBITDA is being calculated and (ii) to the extent such Person does decide to add back such non-cash loss, charge or expense, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future four-fiscal quarter period will be subtracted from Consolidated EBITDA for such future four-fiscal quarter period; plus

 

14

 

 

 

(i) all costs and expenses in connection with pre-opening and opening and closure and/or consolidation of facilities; plus

 

(j) (i) restructuring charges, accruals or reserves and business optimization expense, including any restructuring costs and integration costs incurred in connection with the Transactions and any other acquisitions, costs related to the closure or opening of facilities and (ii) start-up costs (including entry into new market/channels and new service offerings), costs related to the closure, relocation, reconfiguration and/or consolidation of facilities and costs to relocate employees, integration and transaction costs, retention charges, long-term incentive plan payments and expenses, severance, contract termination costs (including integration and transaction costs incurred in connection with the Transactions and any other acquisitions), recruiting and signing bonuses and expenses, future lease commitments, systems establishment costs, conversion costs and excess pension charges and consulting fees, expenses attributable to the implementation of costs savings initiatives, costs associated with tax projects/audits, expenses relating to any decommissioning or reconfiguration of fixed assets for alternative uses and costs consisting of professional consulting or other fees relating to any of the foregoing; plus

 

(k) (i) Pro Forma Cost Savings and (ii) the amount of incremental contract value that the Borrowers in good faith believe would have been realized or achieved as Consolidated EBITDA contribution from (i) increased pricing, volume initiatives or savings and/or (ii) the amount of incremental contract value that the Borrowers in good faith believe would have been realized or achieved as Consolidated EBITDA from the entry into binding and effective new agreements with new customers or suppliers of goods and services, new agreements (or amendments to existing agreements) with existing customers or suppliers of goods and services (collectively, “Incremental Contracts”) during such period had such Incremental Contracts been effective as of the beginning of such period as long as such incremental contract value is reasonably identifiable and factually supportable; provided (1) that such incremental contract value and shall be calculated on a Pro Forma Basis as though the full run rate effect of such incremental contract value had been realized as Consolidated EBITDA contributed on the first day of such period; and (2) the Borrowers may only include in Consolidated EBITDA any incremental contract value attributable to new contracts that the Parent Borrower determines is excess of (but without duplication of) contract value attributable to Incremental Contracts that has been actually realized as Consolidated EBITDA contribution during such period); plus

 

(l) with respect to any joint venture that is not a Restricted Subsidiary, an amount equal to the proportion of those items described in clauses (a), (b) and (c) above relating to such joint venture corresponding to such Person’s and the Restricted Subsidiaries’ proportionate share of such joint venture’s Consolidated Net Income (determined as if such joint venture were a Restricted Subsidiary) solely to the extent Consolidated Net Income was reduced thereby; plus

 

(m) the amount of loss or discount on sale of receivables and related assets to the Receivables Subsidiary in connection with a Receivables Financing; plus

 

(n) charges, costs and expenses (excluding lost revenue) relating to the COVID-19 pandemic or any other epidemiological event or actions taken in connection therewith or in response thereto; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, such charges, costs and expenses shall not include reductions in revenue;

 

(o) to the extent that any Holdings Parent Specified Expenses would have been added back to Consolidated EBITDA pursuant to clauses (1)(a) through (m) above had such charge, tax or expense been incurred directly by Holdings, the Borrowers, or any Restricted Subsidiary such Holdings Parent Specified Expenses;

 

15

 

 

(2) decreased (without duplication and to the extent increasing such Consolidated Net Income for such period) by (i) non-cash gains or income, excluding any non-cash gains that represent the reversal of any accrual of, or cash reserve for, anticipated cash charges that were deducted (and not added back) in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA for any prior period ending after the Closing Date and (ii) the amount of any minority interest income consisting of a Subsidiary loss attributable to minority equity interest of third parties in any non-Wholly Owned Subsidiary (to the extent not deducted from Consolidated Net Income for such period);

 

(3) increased (with respect to losses) or decreased (with respect to gains) by, without duplication, any net realized gains and losses relating to (i) amounts denominated in foreign currencies resulting from the application of FASB ASC 830 (including net realized gains and losses from exchange rate fluctuations on intercompany balances and balance sheet items, net of realized gains or losses from related Swap Contracts (entered into in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practice)) or (ii) any other amounts denominated in or otherwise trued-up to provide similar accounting as if it were denominated in foreign currencies; and

 

(4) increased (with respect to losses) or decreased (with respect to gains) by, without duplication, any gain or loss relating to Swap Contracts (excluding Swap Contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practice);

 

provided, that the Parent Borrower may, in its sole discretion, elect to not make any adjustment for any item pursuant to the foregoing clauses (1) through (4) above if any such item individually is less than $1,000,000 in any four fiscal quarter period.

 

In addition, to the extent not already included in the Consolidated EBITDA in any period, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the foregoing, Consolidated EBITDA shall be increased by adjustments of the type (1) evidenced by or contained in the Sponsor Model and/or (2) evidenced by or contained in a due diligence quality of earnings report made available to the Administrative Agent prepared with respect to the target of a permitted acquisition or other investment permitted hereunder by (A) a “big-four” nationally recognized accounting firm or (B) any other accounting firm that shall be reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Consolidated EBITDA (a) for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020, shall be deemed to be $15,305,733, (b) for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2020, shall be deemed to be $14,563,894, (c) for the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2020, shall be deemed to be $15,335,093 and (d) for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, shall be deemed to be $15,417,469 (which amounts, for the avoidance of doubt, shall be adjusted to give effect to calculations on a Pro Forma Basis in accordance with this Agreement in respect of Specified Transactions (including the cost savings, synergies and “run-rate” adjustments described above, in the definition of Pro Forma Cost Savings or in Section 1.10 (subject in each case to the applicable limitations set forth therein) that in each case may become applicable due to actions taken on or after the Closing Date)).

 

Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness (less the amount of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents and cash restricted in favor of the Administrative Agent or the Lenders (each, without duplication) of the Borrower Parties as of such date) of the Borrower Parties on such date to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which internal financial statements are available (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower), calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness” means Consolidated Funded Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral that does not rank junior in priority (but without regard to the control of remedies) to the Liens on the Collateral securing the Obligations. For the avoidance of doubt, Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness shall not include Capitalized Lease Obligations other than those that are secured by the Collateral on an equal priority basis with the Liens on the Collateral securing the Obligations.

 

16

 

 

Consolidated Funded Indebtedness” means the sum of (a) all Indebtedness of the type described in clauses (a)(i), (a)(ii) (but excluding surety bonds, performance bonds or other similar instruments), (a)(iv) and (b) (solely in respect of the foregoing Indebtedness) of the definition of “Indebtedness,” of a Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, in an amount that would be reflected on a balance sheet prepared as of such date on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP and (b) the aggregate liquidation preference of Disqualified Stock of Holdings and its Restricted Subsidiaries issued on or prior to such date, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP (but (x) excluding the effects of any discounting of Indebtedness resulting from the application of purchase accounting in connection with the Transactions or any acquisition and (y) any Indebtedness that is issued at a discount to its initial principal amount shall be calculated based on the entire stated principal amount thereof, without giving effect to any discounts or upfront payments), in each case, excluding obligations in respect of letters of credit (including Letters of Credit), bank guarantees and guarantees on first demand, in each case, except to the extent of unreimbursed amounts thereunder. For the avoidance of doubt, it is understood that obligations (i) under Swap Contracts, Cash Management Agreements, and any Receivables Financing and (ii) owed by Unrestricted Subsidiaries, do not constitute Consolidated Funded Indebtedness.

 

Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness” means Consolidated Funded Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral.

 

Consolidated Interest Expense” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the sum, without duplication, of:

 

(a) the aggregate interest expense of such Person and any Restricted Subsidiaries for such period, calculated on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, to the extent such expense was deducted (and not added back) in computing Consolidated Net Income (including dividends in respect of Disqualified Stock and Preferred Stock, pay in kind interest payments, amortization of original issue discount, the interest component of Capitalized Lease Obligations and net payments and receipts (if any) pursuant to interest rate Swap Contracts (other than in connection with the early termination thereof) but excluding any non-cash interest expense attributable to the movement in the mark-to-market valuation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments, all amortization and write-offs of deferred financing fees, debt issuance costs, commissions, discounts, fees and expenses and expensing of any bridge, commitment or other financing fees, costs of surety bonds, charges owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers’ acceptances or similar facilities, and all discounts, commissions, fees and other charges associated with any Receivables Financing); plus

 

(b) consolidated capitalized interest of the referent Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such period, whether paid or accrued; less

 

(c) interest income of the referent Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such period;

 

provided that in the case of any Person that became a Restricted Subsidiary of such Person after the commencement of such four-quarter period, the interest expense of such Person paid in cash prior to the date on which it became a Restricted Subsidiary of such Person will be disregarded. For purposes of this definition, interest on Capitalized Lease Obligations will be deemed to accrue at the interest rate reasonably determined by such Person to be the rate of interest implicit in such Capitalized Lease Obligations in accordance with GAAP.

 

Consolidated Net Income” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the aggregate of the net income (or loss) of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such period, calculated on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP and before any reduction in respect of Preferred Stock dividends; provided that (without duplication):

 

(a) all net after-tax extraordinary, nonrecurring, infrequent, exceptional or unusual gains, losses, income, expenses and charges, and in any event including, without limitation, all restructuring, severance, relocation, retention and completion bonuses or payments, consolidation, integration or other similar charges and expenses, contract termination costs, system establishment charges, conversion costs, start-up or closure or transition costs, expenses related to any reconstruction, decommissioning, recommissioning or reconfiguration of fixed assets for alternative uses, fees, expenses or charges relating to curtailments, settlements or modifications to pension and post-retirement employee benefit plans in connection with any acquisition or Permitted Investment, expenses associated with strategic initiatives, facilities shutdown and opening costs, and any fees, expenses, charges or change in control payments related to the Transactions, any acquisition or Permitted Investment (including any transition-related expenses (including retention or transaction-related bonuses or payments) incurred before, on or after the Closing Date), will be excluded;

 

17

 

 

(b) all (i) losses, charges and expenses related to the Transactions, (ii) transaction fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the consummation of any equity issuances, investments, acquisitions, dispositions, recapitalizations, mergers, amalgamations, option buyouts and the Incurrence, modification or repayment of Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred under this Agreement (including any Refinancing Indebtedness in respect thereof) or any amendments, waivers or other modifications under the agreements relating to such Indebtedness or similar transactions, and (iii) without duplication of any of the foregoing, non-operating or non-recurring professional fees, costs and expenses for such period will be excluded;

 

(c) all net after-tax income, loss, expense or charge from abandoned, closed or discontinued operations and any net after-tax gain or loss on the disposal of abandoned, closed or discontinued operations (and all related expenses) other than in the ordinary course of business (as determined in good faith by such Person) will be excluded;

 

(d) all net after-tax gain, loss, expense or charge attributable to business dispositions and asset dispositions, including the sale or other disposition of any Equity Interests of any Person, other than in the ordinary course of business (as determined in good faith by such Person), will be excluded;

 

(e) all net after-tax income, loss, expense or charge attributable to the early extinguishment or cancellation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments (including deferred financing costs written off and premiums paid) will be excluded;

 

(f) all non-cash gains, losses, expenses or charges attributable to the movement in the mark-to-market valuation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments will be excluded;

 

(g) any non-cash or unrealized currency translation gains and losses related to changes in currency exchange rates (including, without limitation, remeasurements of Indebtedness and any net loss or gain resulting from (i) Swap Contracts for currency exchange risk and (ii) intercompany Indebtedness), will be excluded;

 

(h) (i) the net income for such period of any Person that is not a Restricted Subsidiary of the referent Person, will be included only to the extent of the amount of dividends or distributions to the referent Person or a Restricted Subsidiary thereof in respect of such period; and (ii) the net income for such period will include any ordinary course dividends or distributions received from any such Person during such period in excess of the amounts included in subclause (i) above;

 

(i) the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles and changes as a result of the adoption or modification of accounting policies will be excluded;

 

(j) the effects of purchase accounting, fair value accounting or recapitalization accounting adjustments (including the effects of such adjustments pushed down to the referent Person and any Restricted Subsidiaries) resulting from the application of purchase accounting, fair value accounting or recapitalization accounting in relation to the Transactions or any acquisition consummated before or after the Closing Date, and the amortization, write-down or write-off of any amounts thereof, net of taxes, will be excluded;

 

(k) all non-cash impairment charges and asset write-ups, write-downs and write-offs, in each case pursuant to GAAP, and the amortization of intangibles arising from the application of GAAP will be excluded;

 

(l) all non-cash expenses realized in connection with or resulting from equity or equity-linked compensation plans, employee benefit plans or agreements or post-employment benefit plans or agreements, or grants or sales of stock, stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock or other similar rights will be excluded;

 

18

 

 

(m) any costs or expenses incurred in connection with the payment of dividend equivalent rights to option holders pursuant to any management equity plan, stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement or post-employment benefit plan or agreement will be excluded;

 

(n) accruals and reserves for liabilities or expenses that are established or adjusted as a result of the Transactions within 24 months after the Closing Date will be excluded;

 

(o) all amortization and write-offs of deferred financing fees, debt issuance costs, commissions, fees and expenses, costs of surety bonds, charges owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers’ acceptances or similar facilities, and expensing of any bridge, commitment or other financing fees (including in connection with a transaction undertaken but not completed), will be excluded;

 

(p) all discounts, commissions, fees and other charges (including interest expense) associated with any Receivables Financing will be excluded;

 

(q) (i) the non-cash portion of “straight-line” rent expense will be excluded and (ii) the cash portion of “straight-line” rent expense that exceeds the amount expensed in respect of such rent expense will be included;

 

(r) expenses and lost profits with respect to liability or casualty events or business interruption will be disregarded to the extent covered by insurance and actually reimbursed, or, so long as such Person has made a determination that there exists reasonable evidence that such amount will in fact be reimbursed by the insurer, but only to the extent that such amount (i) has not been denied by the applicable carrier in writing and (ii) is in fact reimbursed within 365 days of the date on which such liability was discovered or such casualty event or business interruption occurred (with a deduction for any amounts so added back that are not reimbursed within such 365-day period); provided that any proceeds of such reimbursement when received will be excluded from the calculation of Consolidated Net Income to the extent the expense or lost profit reimbursed was previously disregarded pursuant to this clause (r);

 

(s) losses, charges and expenses that are covered by indemnification or other reimbursement provisions in connection with any asset disposition will be excluded to the extent actually reimbursed, or, so long as such Person has made a determination that a reasonable basis exists for indemnification or reimbursement, but only to the extent that such amount is in fact indemnified or reimbursed within 365 days of such determination (with a deduction in the applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so indemnified or reimbursed within such 365 days);

 

(t) non-cash charges relating to increases or decreases of deferred tax asset valuation allowances will be excluded;

 

(u) cash dividends or returns of capital from Investments (such return of capital not reducing the ownership interest in the underlying Investment), in each case received during such period, to the extent not otherwise included in Consolidated Net Income for that period or any prior period subsequent to the Closing Date will be included;

 

(v) [reserved];

 

(w) any Public Company Costs will be excluded;

 

(x) any (a) severance or relocation costs or expenses, (b) one-time non-cash compensation charges, (c) the costs and expenses related to employment of terminated employees, or (d) costs or expenses realized in connection with or resulting from stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options or other rights of officers, directors and employees, in each case of such Person or any Restricted Subsidiaries, shall be excluded; and

 

19

 

 

(y) any non-cash interest expense and non-cash interest income, in each case to the extent there is no associated cash disbursement or receipt, as the case may be, before the then applicable Latest Maturity Date, shall be excluded;

 

provided that the Parent Borrower may, in its sole discretion, elect to not make any adjustment for any item pursuant to clauses (a) through (y) above if any such item individually is less than $1,000,000 in any four fiscal quarter period.

 

Consolidated Net Tangible Assets” means the aggregate amount of assets (including deferred tax assets (without reducing such deferred tax assets by deferred tax liabilities), and less applicable reserves and other properly deductible items) after deducting therefrom all goodwill, trade names, service marks, trademarks, patents, unamortized debt discount and expense, investments and other like intangibles, all as set forth in the most recent consolidated balance sheet of Holdings and its Restricted Subsidiaries, determined on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness (less the amount of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents and cash restricted in favor of the Administrative Agent or the Lenders (without duplication) of the Borrower Parties as of such date) of the Borrower Parties on such date, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which internal financial statements are available (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded Indebtedness (less the amount of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents and cash restricted in favor of the Administrative Agent or the Lenders (without duplication) of the Borrower Parties as of such date) of the Borrower Parties on such date, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which internal financial statements are available (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower), calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

Contingent Obligations” means, with respect to any Person, any obligation of such Person guaranteeing any leases, dividends or other obligations that do not constitute Indebtedness (“primary obligations”) of any other Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including, without limitation, any obligation of such Person, whether or not contingent:

 

(1) to purchase any such primary obligation or any property constituting direct or indirect security therefor,

 

(2) to advance or supply funds:

 

(a) for the purchase or payment of any such primary obligation; or

 

(b) to maintain working capital or equity capital of the primary obligor or otherwise to maintain the net worth or solvency of the primary obligor; or

 

(3) to purchase property, securities or services primarily for the purpose of assuring the owner of any such primary obligation of the ability of the primary obligor to make payment of such primary obligation against loss in respect thereof.

 

Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, loan agreement, indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, lease, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.

 

20

 

 

Contribution Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of Holdings, the Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary in an aggregate principal amount not greater than the sum of (x) 200% of the aggregate amount of cash contributions (other than Excluded Contributions) made to the capital of Holdings (other than Cure Equity), any Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than, in the case of such Borrower or Restricted Subsidiary, contributions by Holdings, the Parent Borrower or any other Restricted Subsidiary to its capital) after the Closing Date and designated as a Cash Contribution Amount and (y) available dollar-based capacity under (i) clause (c)(i) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05, (ii) clause (5) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05 and (iii) clause (11) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05 (which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall reduce such dollar capacity under such clauses (c)(i), (5) and (11), as applicable); provided that such Contribution Indebtedness is designated as Contribution Indebtedness pursuant to a certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower on or prior to the incurrence date thereof.

 

Control Investment Affiliate” means, as to any Person, any other Person that (a) directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person and (b) is organized by such Person primarily for the purpose of making equity investments in one or more companies.

 

Controlled Foreign Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of Holdings (or of any Subsidiary Guarantor) that is a “controlled foreign corporation” within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code.

 

Covered Party” has the meaning specified in Section 10.26.

 

Credit Extension” means each of the following: (a) a Borrowing and (b) an L/C Credit Extension.

 

Credit Suisse” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

 

Cure Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 8.03(a).

 

Cure Equity” has the meaning specified in Section 8.03(a).

 

Cure Right” has the meaning specified in Section 8.03(a).

 

Daily Compounded SOFR” means, for any day, SOFR, with interest accruing on a compounded daily basis, with the methodology and conventions for this rate (which will include compounding in arrears with a lookback) being established by the Administrative Agent in accordance with a methodology and the conventions for this rate selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for determining “Daily Compounded SOFR” for syndicated business loans; provided, that if the Administrative Agent decides that any such convention is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, then the Administrative Agent may establish another convention in its reasonable discretion.

 

Daily Simple SOFR” means, for any day, SOFR, with the conventions for this rate (which may include a lookback) being established by the Administrative Agent in accordance with the conventions for this rate selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for determining “Daily Simple SOFR” for syndicated business loans; provided that, if the Administrative Agent decides that any such convention is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, then the Administrative Agent may establish another convention in its reasonable discretion.

 

Debt Fund Affiliate” means any Affiliate of the Sponsor (other than Holdings and its Subsidiaries) that is primarily engaged in, or advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in, making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit or securities in the ordinary course and with respect to which the Sponsor does not, directly or indirectly, possess the power to direct or cause the direction of the investment policies of any such Affiliate. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall a Natural Person be a Debt Fund Affiliate.

 

Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws of the United States or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect and affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

Declined Amounts” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

 

21

 

 

Declining Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

 

Default” means any event or condition that constitutes an Event of Default or that, with the giving of any notice, the passage of time, or both, would be an Event of Default (other than any event or condition that, with the giving of any notice, the passage of time, or both, would become an Event of Default solely as a result of Section 8.01(e)).

 

Default Rate” means an interest rate equal to (after as well as before judgment), if an Event of Default has occurred under Section 8.01(a) or (f), (a) with respect to any overdue principal for any Loan, the applicable interest rate for such Loan plus 2.00% per annum (provided that with respect to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the determination of the applicable interest rate is subject to Section 2.02(c) to the extent that Eurocurrency Rate Loans may not be converted to, or continued as, Eurocurrency Rate Loans, pursuant thereto) and (b) with respect to any other overdue amount, including overdue interest, the interest rate applicable to Base Rate Loans that are Term Loans plus 2.00% per annum, in each case, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

 

Defaulting Lender” means, subject to Section 2.17(b), any Lender that (a) has failed to (i) fund all or perform any portion of its Loans within two Business Days of the date such Loans were required to be funded hereunder unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied, or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent, any L/C Issuer or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder (has failed to perform any of its funding obligations hereunder, including in respect of its participations in respect of Letters of Credit within two Business Days of the date required to be funded by it hereunder, (b) has notified the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent in writing that it does not intend or expect to comply with any of its funding obligations or has made a public statement to that effect with respect to its funding obligations hereunder or, solely with respect to a Revolving Credit Lender, under other agreements generally in which it commits to extend credit (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s reasonable good faith determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) are not satisfied), (c) has failed, within two Business Days after reasonable request by the Administrative Agent, to confirm in a manner satisfactory to the Administrative Agent that it will comply with its funding obligations (provided that the Administrative Agent shall request such confirmation upon reasonable request from any L/C Issuer; provided, further, that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such confirmation by the Administrative Agent) or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, other than via an Undisclosed Administration, (i) become the subject of a Bankruptcy Event, (ii) had a receiver, custodian, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or a custodian appointed for it, (iii) taken any action in furtherance of, or indicated its consent to, approval of or acquiescence in any such proceeding or appointment or (iv) become the subject of a Bail-in Action; provided that no Lender shall be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of (x) the ownership or acquisition by a Governmental Authority of any Equity Interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such Governmental Authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender, or (y) the occurrence of any of the events described in clause (d)(i), (d)(ii) or (d)(iii) of this definition which in each case has been dismissed or terminated prior to the date of this Agreement. Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under any one or more of clauses (a) through (d) above, and of the effective date of such status, shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender (subject to Section 2.17(b)) as of the date established therefor by the Administrative Agent in a written notice of such determination to the Parent Borrower, each L/C Issuer and each Lender.

 

Derivative Instrument” means with respect to a Person, any contract or instrument to which such Person is a party (whether or not requiring further performance by such Person), the value and/or cash flows of which (or any portion thereof) are based on the value and/or performance of the Loans and/or any Deliverable Obligations or “Obligations” (as defined in the ISDA CDS Definitions) with respect to the Loan Parties; provided that a “Derivative Instrument” will not include any contract or instrument that is entered into pursuant to bona fide market-making activities.

 

22

 

 

Designated Non-Cash Consideration” means the Fair Market Value of non-cash consideration received by Holdings, any Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries in connection with a Disposition made pursuant to Section 7.04(2)(c) that is designated as “Designated Non-Cash Consideration” on the date received pursuant to a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower, less the amount of cash or Cash Equivalents received in connection with a subsequent sale of or collection on such Designated Non-Cash Consideration.

 

Designated Preferred Stock” means Preferred Stock of Holdings or any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, as applicable (other than Excluded Equity), that is issued after the Closing Date for cash and is so designated as Designated Preferred Stock, pursuant to an officer’s certificate of the Parent Borrower, on the issuance date thereof, the cash proceeds of which are contributed to the capital of the Parent Borrower (if issued by Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of Holdings) and excluded from the calculation set forth in clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05.

 

Discount Range” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Discretionary Guarantor” shall mean any Restricted Subsidiary that is a Domestic Subsidiary that, at the option of the Parent Borrower, in its sole discretion, has been designated (or redesignated) as a Guarantor unless and until such time, if any, that such Restricted Subsidiary has been redesignated, at the option of the Parent Borrower, in its sole discretion, as an Excluded Subsidiary, in each case, in accordance with Section 6.12(b).

 

Disposition” or “Dispose” means the sale, transfer, license, lease or other disposition of any property by any Person (including any sale and leaseback transaction and any issuance of Capital Stock by a Restricted Subsidiary of such Person), including any sale, assignment, transfer or other disposal, with or without recourse, of any notes or accounts receivable or any rights and claims associated therewith; provided, however, that “Disposition” and “Dispose” shall not be deemed to include any issuance by Holdings of any of its Capital Stock to another Person.

 

Disqualified Institution” means (a) each person identified as a “Disqualified Institution” on a list delivered to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower on or prior to the Closing Date, (b) any Company Competitor identified on a list delivered to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower from time to time, (c) at any time, or with respect to any action (or proposed action) in connection with which, a Net Short Representation is required to be made (or deemed made) hereunder, any Lender (or prospective Lender) that the Parent Borrower has designated in a written notice to the Administrative Agent as a Disqualified Institution on the basis that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that such Person has breached its Net Short Representation at such time or in connection with such action (or proposed action), and (d) as to any entity referenced in each of clauses (a), (b) and (c) above (the “Primary Disqualified Institution”), any of such Primary Disqualified Institution’s affiliates identified in writing to us by you or otherwise readily identifiable as an affiliate solely on the basis of the similarity of its name, but excluding (in the case of this clause (d)) any Affiliate that is primarily engaged in, or that advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in, making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit or securities in the ordinary course and with respect to which the Primary Disqualified Institution does not, directly or indirectly, possess the power to direct or cause the direction of the investment policies of such entity; provided that any additional designation, modification or deletion permitted by the foregoing shall not apply (i) retroactively to any prior assignment to any Lender or Participant and (ii) until two Business Days following receipt of such list by the Administrative Agent from the Parent Borrower. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any list of Disqualified Institutions shall only be required to be available to any Lender upon written request by an assigning Lender or prospective assignee or Participant. For the purposes of clause (b), such list shall be made available to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 10.02.

 

Disqualified Stock” means, with respect to any Person, any Equity Interests of such Person that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is puttable, redeemable or exchangeable), in each case, at the option of the holder thereof or upon the happening of any event:

 

(1) matures or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (other than as a result of a change of control, initial public offering, asset sale or similar event; provided that any purchase requirement triggered thereby may not become operative until compliance with, in the case of an asset sale, the provisions of Section 7.04 or, in the case of a change of control, the repayment in full of the Obligations),

 

23

 

 

(2) is convertible or exchangeable for Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock, or

 

(3) is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part,

 

in each case prior to the date that is 91 days after the Latest Maturity Date of the Term Loans at the time of issuance of the respective Disqualified Stock; provided that only the portion of Equity Interests that so matures or is mandatorily redeemable, is so convertible or exchangeable or is so redeemable at the option of the holder thereof prior to such date shall be deemed to be Disqualified Stock; provided, further, that any Equity Interests held by any future, current or former employee, director, officer, member of management, independent contractor or consultant of any of the Borrowers, any of their respective Subsidiaries, any direct or indirect parent thereof or any other entity in which any Borrower or any of their Subsidiaries has an Investment and is designated in good faith as an “affiliate” by the Board of Directors (or the compensation committee thereof) of the Parent Borrower, in each case pursuant to any co-invest agreement, equity subscription or shareholders’ agreement, any management, shareholder, director or employee equity plan, any stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement shall not constitute Disqualified Stock solely because it may be required to be repurchased by any Borrower, any of their Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent thereof in order to satisfy applicable statutory or regulatory obligations or as a result of such employee’s, director’s, officer’s, management member’s, independent contractor’s or consultant’s termination of employment or service, as applicable, death or disability; provided, further, that any class of Equity Interests of such Person that by its terms authorizes such Person to satisfy its obligations thereunder by delivery of Equity Interests that are not Disqualified Stock shall not be deemed to be Disqualified Stock.

 

Dollar” and “$” mean lawful money of the United States.

 

Dollar Equivalent” means, for any amount, at the time of determination thereof, (a) if such amount is expressed in Dollars, such amount, (b) if such amount is expressed in an Alternative Currency, the equivalent of such amount in Dollars determined by using the rate of exchange for the purchase of Dollars with the Alternative Currency in the London foreign exchange market at or about 11:00 a.m. London time (or New York time, as applicable) on a particular day as displayed by ICE Data Services as the “ask price”, or as displayed on such other information service which publishes that rate of exchange from time to time in place of ICE Data Services (or if such service ceases to be available, the equivalent of such amount in Dollars as determined by the Administrative Agent or the L/C Issuer, as the case may be, using any method of determination it deems appropriate in its sole discretion) and (c) if such amount is denominated in any other currency, the equivalent of such amount in Dollars as determined by the Administrative Agent or the L/C Issuer, as the case may be, using any method of determination it deems appropriate in its sole discretion. Any determination by the Administrative Agent or the L/C Issuer pursuant to clause (c) above shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

 

Domestic Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of Holdings (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the Borrowers) that is organized under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.

 

Dutch Auction” means an auction (an “Auction”) conducted by Holdings or one of its Subsidiaries in order to purchase any Term Loans under a Tranche (the “Purchase”) in accordance with the following procedures or such other procedures as may be agreed to between the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower:

 

(a) Notice Procedures. In connection with any Auction, the Parent Borrower shall provide notification to the Administrative Agent (for distribution to the Appropriate Lenders) of the Term Loans under such Tranche that will be the subject of the Auction (an “Auction Notice”). Each Auction Notice shall be in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and shall specify (i) the total cash value of the bid, in a minimum amount of $5,000,000 with minimum increments of $1,000,000 in excess thereof (the “Auction Amount”) and (ii) the discounts to par, which shall be expressed as a range of percentages of the par principal amount of the Term Loans under such Tranche at issue (the “Discount Range”), representing the range of purchase prices that could be paid in the Auction.

 

24

 

 

(b) Reply Procedures. In connection with any Auction, each applicable Lender may, in its sole discretion, participate in such Auction by providing the Administrative Agent with a notice of participation (the “Return Bid”) which shall be in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and shall specify (i) a discount to par that must be expressed as a price (the “Reply Discount”), which must be within the Discount Range, and (ii) a principal amount of the applicable Loans such Lender is willing to sell, which must be in increments of $1,000,000 or in an amount equal to such Lender’s entire remaining amount of the applicable Loans (the “Reply Amount”). Lenders may only submit one Return Bid per Auction. In addition to the Return Bid, each Lender wishing to participate in such Auction must execute and deliver, to be held in escrow by the Administrative Agent, an assignment and acceptance agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.

 

(c) Acceptance Procedures. Based on the Reply Discounts and Reply Amounts received by the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent, in consultation with the Parent Borrower, will determine the applicable discount (the “Applicable Discount”) for the Auction, which shall be the lowest Reply Discount for which Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, can complete the Auction at the Auction Amount; provided that, in the event that the Reply Amounts are insufficient to allow Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, to complete a purchase of the entire Auction Amount (any such Auction, a “Failed Auction”), Holdings or such Subsidiary shall either, at its election, (i) withdraw the Auction or (ii) complete the Auction at an Applicable Discount equal to the highest Reply Discount. Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, shall purchase the applicable Loans (or the respective portions thereof) from each applicable Lender with a Reply Discount that is equal to or greater than the Applicable Discount (“Qualifying Bids”) at the Applicable Discount; provided that if the aggregate proceeds required to purchase all applicable Loans subject to Qualifying Bids would exceed the Auction Amount for such Auction, Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, shall purchase such Loans at the Applicable Discount ratably based on the principal amounts of such Qualifying Bids (subject to adjustment for rounding as specified by the Administrative Agent). Each participating Lender will receive notice of a Qualifying Bid as soon as reasonably practicable but in no case later than five Business Days from the date the Return Bid was due.

 

(d) Additional Procedures. Once initiated by an Auction Notice, Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable, may not withdraw an Auction other than a Failed Auction. Furthermore, in connection with any Auction, upon submission by a Lender of a Qualifying Bid, such Lender will be obligated to sell the entirety or its allocable portion of the Reply Amount, as the case may be, at the Applicable Discount. The Purchase shall be consummated pursuant to and in accordance with Section 10.07 and, to the extent not otherwise provided herein, shall otherwise be consummated pursuant to procedures (including as to timing, rounding and minimum amounts, Interest Periods, and other notices by Holdings or such Subsidiary, as applicable) reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower.

 

Early Opt-in Election” means the occurrence of:

 

(1) (i) a determination by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower or (ii) a notification by the Required Lenders to the Administrative Agent (with the consent of the Parent Borrower) that the Required Lenders have determined that U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities being executed at such time, or that include language similar to that contained in Section 3.04, are being executed or amended, as applicable, to incorporate or adopt a new benchmark interest rate to replace the Benchmark, and

 

(2) (i) the election by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower or (ii) the election by the Required Lenders (with the consent of the Parent Borrower) to declare that an Early Opt-in Election has occurred and the provision, as applicable, by the Administrative Agent of written notice of such election to the Parent Borrower and the Lenders or by the Required Lenders of written notice of such election to the Administrative Agent.

 

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clause (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

 

25

 

 

EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

 

EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

 

Eligible Assignee” means any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 10.07(b) (subject to receipt of such consents, if any, as may be required for the assignment of the applicable Loan and/or Commitments to such Person under Section 10.07(b)(iii)).

 

EMU” means the economic and monetary union as contemplated in the EU Treaty.

 

EMU Legislation” means the legislative measures of the EMU for the introduction of, changeover to, or operation of the Euro in one or more member states.

 

Environment” shall mean ambient air, indoor air, surface water, groundwater, drinking water, land surface, sediments, and subsurface strata and natural resources such as wetlands, flora and fauna.

 

Environmental Laws” means any and all applicable federal, state, local and foreign statutes, laws, including common law, regulations, ordinances, rules, judgments, orders, decrees, permits, concessions, grants, franchises, licenses or governmental restrictions relating to pollution, the protection of the Environment, and human health and safety (to the extent relating to exposure to Hazardous Materials), including those related to releases of Hazardous Materials, air emissions and discharges to public pollution control systems.

 

Environmental Liability” means any liability, contingent or otherwise (including any liability for damages, costs of environmental remediation, monitoring or oversight by a Governmental Authority, fines, penalties or indemnities), of the Parent Borrower, any other Loan Party or any of their respective Subsidiaries directly or indirectly resulting from or based upon (a) any actual or alleged violation of any Environmental Law, (b) the generation, use, handling, transportation, storage or treatment of any Hazardous Materials, (c) human exposure to any Hazardous Materials, (d) the Release or threatened Release of any Hazardous Materials into the Environment or (e) any contract, agreement or other binding consensual arrangement to the extent liability is assumed or imposed with respect to any of the foregoing.

 

Environmental Permit” means any permit, approval, identification number, license or other authorization required under any Environmental Law.

 

Erroneous Payment” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 9.19.

 

Erroneous Payment Return Deficiency” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 9.19.

 

Equity Interests” means Capital Stock and all warrants, options or other rights to acquire Capital Stock (but excluding any Capital Stock that arises only by reason of the happening of a contingency or any debt security that is convertible into, or exchangeable for, Capital Stock).

 

Equity Issuance” means any issuance by any Person to any other Person of (a) its Equity Interests for cash, (b) any of its Equity Interests pursuant to the exercise of options or warrants, (c) any of its Equity Interests pursuant to the conversion of any debt securities to equity or (d) any options or warrants relating to its Equity Interests.

 

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended or modified from time to time.

 

ERISA Affiliate” means any Person who together with any Loan Party is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Code (and Sections 414(m) and (o) of the Code for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Code) or Section 4001 of ERISA.

 

26

 

 

ERISA Event” means (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Plan; (b) the withdrawal of any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which such entity was a “substantial employer” (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) a complete or partial withdrawal by any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan or written notification that a Multiemployer Plan is insolvent (within the meaning of Section 4245 of ERISA); (d) the filing of a written notice of intent to terminate or the treatment of a plan amendment as a termination under Section 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, respectively; (e) the institution by the PBGC of proceedings to terminate a Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (f) an event or condition which constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (g) the determination that any Plan is considered an at-risk plan within the meaning of Section 430 of the Code or Section 303 of ERISA; (h) the determination that any Multiemployer Plan is considered a plan in “endangered,” “critical,” or “critical and declining” status within the meaning of Section 432 of the Code or Section 305 of ERISA; (i) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate; or (j) the conditions for the imposition of a Lien under Section 430(k) of the Code or Section 303(k) of ERISA shall have been met with respect to any Plan.

 

Escrowed Proceeds” means the proceeds from the offering of any debt securities or other Indebtedness paid into an escrow account with an independent escrow agent on the date of the applicable offering or incurrence pursuant to escrow arrangements that permit the release of amounts on deposit in such escrow account upon satisfaction of certain conditions or the occurrence of certain events. The term “Escrowed Proceeds” shall include any interest earned on the amounts held in escrow.

 

EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” means the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor person), as in effect from time to time.

 

EU Treaty” means the Treaty on European Union.

 

Euro” and “” shall mean the single currency of the Participating Member States introduced in accordance with the provisions of Article 109(i)4 of the EU Treaty.

 

Eurocurrency Rate” means, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing in Dollars and for any Interest Period, the Screen Rate at approximately 10:00 a.m., London time, two Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period; provided that if the Screen Rate shall not be available at such time for such Interest Period (an “Impacted Interest Period”) with respect to Dollars then the Eurocurrency Rate shall be the Interpolated Rate.

 

Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing” means a Borrowing comprising Eurocurrency Rate Loans.

 

Eurocurrency Rate Loan” means a Loan, whether denominated in Dollars or in an Alternative Currency, that bears interest at a rate based on the applicable Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate.

 

Event of Default” has the meaning specified in Section 8.01.

 

Excess Cash Flow” means, with respect to any Excess Cash Flow Period, an amount, not less than zero, equal to:

 

(a) Consolidated Net Income of the Borrower Parties for such Excess Cash Flow Period, minus

 

(b) the sum, without duplication (in each case, for the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis), of:

 

(i) Restricted Payments (excluding (x) Restricted Payments made pursuant to clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05 and pursuant to clauses (2), (3), (7), (8), (9), (13), (17), (18), and (22) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05 (other than such Restricted Payments made to pay interest expense for Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness or any other Indebtedness of Holdings), and (y) any Permitted Investments pursuant to clauses (1), (2), (3), (5), (9), (14), (15), (17), (18), (20), (23), (24) and (37) of the definition thereof);

 

27

 

 

(ii) all cash payments and other cash expenditures made by such Person or any Restricted Subsidiaries during such period (A) with respect to items that were excluded in the calculation of such Consolidated Net Income pursuant to clauses (a) through (y) of the definition of “Consolidated Net Income” or (B) that were not expensed during such period in accordance with GAAP;

 

(iii) all non-cash credits or gains included in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (including insured or indemnified losses referred to in clauses (r) and (s) of the definition of “Consolidated Net Income” to the extent not reimbursed in cash during such period);

 

(iv) an amount equal to the sum of (A) the increase in the Working Capital of such Person during such period (measured as the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the end of such Excess Cash Flow Period minus Working Capital at the beginning of such Excess Cash Flow Period), if any, plus (B) the increase in long-term accounts receivable of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries, if any;

 

(v) cash payments made in satisfaction of noncurrent liabilities (excluding payments of Indebtedness for borrowed money) not made directly or indirectly using proceeds, payments or any other amounts available from events or circumstances that were not included in determining Consolidated Net Income during such period;

 

(vi) the amount of cash payments made in respect of pensions and other postemployment benefits in such period to the extent not deducted in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income; and

 

(vii) cash payments made by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such period in respect of items for which an accrual or reserve was established in a prior period, in each case to the extent such payments are not expensed during such period or are not deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income; plus

 

(c)

 

(i) all non-cash charges, losses and expenses (including, without limitation, taxes) of such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries that were deducted in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (provided, in each case, that if any non-cash charge represents an accrual or reserve for cash items in any future period, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period shall be subtracted from Excess Cash Flow in such future period);

 

(ii) an amount equal to the sum of (A) the decrease in Working Capital of such Person during such period (measured as the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the beginning of such Excess Cash Flow Period minus Working Capital at the end of such Excess Cash Flow Period), if any, plus (B) the decrease in long-term accounts receivable of such Person and any Restricted Subsidiaries, if any (other than any such decreases contemplated by clauses (A) and (B) of this clause (ix) that are directly attributable to dispositions of a Person or business unit by a Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiaries during such period); and

 

(iii) all amounts referred to in clauses (b)(i) and (b)(ii) above to the extent funded with the proceeds of the issuance or the incurrence of long term funded Indebtedness (other than proceeds of revolving loans).

 

Excess Cash Flow Period” means any fiscal year of Holdings, commencing with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 2022.

 

28

 

 

Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder.

 

Exchange Agent” means (a) the Administrative Agent or (b) any other financial institution or advisor employed by the Parent Borrower (whether or not an Affiliate of the Administrative Agent), after consultation with the Administrative Agent, to act as an arranger in connection with any Permitted Debt Exchange pursuant to Section 2.19; provided that the Parent Borrower shall not designate the Administrative Agent as the Exchange Agent without the written consent of the Administrative Agent (it being understood that the Administrative Agent shall be under no obligation to agree to act as the Exchange Agent); provided, further, that neither the Parent Borrower nor any of their Affiliates may act as the Exchange Agent.

 

Excluded Contributions” means the net cash proceeds and Cash Equivalents, or the Fair Market Value of other assets, received by Holdings after the Closing Date from:

 

(1) contributions to its common equity capital, and

 

(2) the sale of Capital Stock (other than Excluded Equity) of Holdings,

 

in each case designated as Excluded Contributions pursuant to an officer’s certificate of a Responsible Officer on or promptly after such contribution or sale, or that has been utilized to make a Restricted Payment pursuant to clause (2) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05. Excluded Contributions will be excluded from the calculation set forth in clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05.

 

Excluded Equity” means (i) Disqualified Stock, (ii) any Equity Interests issued or sold to Holdings or a Restricted Subsidiary or any employee stock ownership plan or trust established by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings (to the extent such employee stock ownership plan or trust has been funded by Holdings or any Subsidiary or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings) and (iii) any Equity Interest that has already been used or designated (x) as (or the proceeds of which have been used or designated as) a Cash Contribution Amount, Designated Preferred Stock, an Excluded Contribution or Refunding Capital Stock, or (y) to increase the amount available under clause (5)(a) of the second paragraph under Section 7.05 or clause (14) of the definition of “Permitted Investments” or is proceeds of Indebtedness referred to in clause (14)(b) of the second paragraph in Section 7.05.

 

29

 

 

Excluded Property” means, with respect to any Loan Party, (a) (i) any fee-owned real property, (ii) any real property leasehold or subleasehold interests and (iii) [reserved], (b) motor vehicles and other assets subject to certificates of title to the extent a Lien thereon cannot be perfected by filing a UCC financing statement, letter of credit rights (other than letter of credit rights that can be perfected by the filing of a UCC financing statement) with a value not in excess of $3,000,000 individually and commercial tort claims with a value not in excess of $3,000,000 individually, (c) assets to the extent a security interest in such assets would result in adverse tax consequences (that are not de minimis), or adverse regulatory consequences (that are not de minimis), in each case, as reasonably determined by the Parent Borrower and notified in writing to the Administrative Agent, (d) pledges of, and security interests in, assets in favor of the Collateral Agent which are prohibited by applicable Law; provided, that (i) any such limitation described in this clause (d) on the security interests granted shall only apply to the extent that any such prohibition could not be rendered ineffective pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction or any other applicable Law or principles of equity and shall not apply to any proceeds or receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the UCC of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition and (ii) in the event of the termination or elimination of any such prohibition contained in any applicable Law, a security interest in such assets shall be automatically and simultaneously granted under the applicable Collateral Documents and such asset shall be included as Collateral, (e) any governmental licenses (but not the proceeds thereof) or state or local franchises, charters and authorizations, to the extent security interests in favor of the Collateral Agent in such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations are prohibited or restricted thereby, in each case, except to the extent such prohibition is unenforceable after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction and other than proceeds and receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition; provided that (i) any such limitation described in this clause (e) on the security interests granted shall only apply to the extent that any such prohibition or restriction could not be rendered ineffective pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction or any other applicable Law or principles of equity and (ii) in the event of the termination or elimination of any such prohibition or restriction contained in any applicable license, franchise, charter or authorization, a security interest in such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations shall be automatically and simultaneously granted under the applicable Collateral Documents and such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations shall be included as Collateral, (f) Equity Interests in (A) any Person (other than the Borrowers and Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiaries of Holdings), (B) any not-for-profit Subsidiary, (C) any captive insurance Subsidiary, (D) any special purpose securitization vehicle (or similar entity), including any Receivables Subsidiary, (E) any Unrestricted Subsidiary, (F) any Person which is acquired after the date hereof to the extent and for so long as such Equity Interests are pledged in respect of Acquired Indebtedness and such pledge constitutes a Permitted Lien and (G) any Person that is an Excluded Subsidiary pursuant to clause (e) of the definition of Excluded Subsidiary, (g) any lease, license or other agreement or any property subject to a purchase money security interest, Capitalized Lease Obligation or similar arrangement in each case permitted to be incurred under this Agreement, to the extent that a grant of a security interest therein would violate or invalidate such lease, license or agreement or purchase money arrangement or create a right of termination in favor of any other party thereto (other than a Loan Party or their Wholly Owned Subsidiaries), in each case, except to the extent such prohibition is unenforceable after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction, other than proceeds and receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition, (h) “intent-to-use” trademark applications prior to the filing and acceptance of a “Statement of Use” or “Amendment to Allege Use” filing, (i) any Receivables Assets sold pursuant to a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, (j)Voting Stock in excess of 65% of the Voting Stock of (A) any Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or (B) any FSHCO, (k) Margin Stock, (l) trust accounts (held for third parties), payroll accounts and escrow accounts (held for third parties), in each case, as long as used solely for such purposes and (m) segregated cash subject to Permitted Liens to secure letter of credit reimbursement obligations (other than in respect of Letters of Credit) to the extent such letters of credit are permitted by this Agreement. Other assets shall be deemed to be “Excluded Property” if the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower reasonably agree in writing that the cost of obtaining or perfecting a security interest in such assets (including, without limitation, any flood insurance compliance matters) is excessive in relation to the benefit of the Lenders of the security afforded thereby. Notwithstanding anything herein or the Collateral Documents to the contrary, Excluded Property shall not include any Proceeds (as defined in the UCC), substitutions or replacements of any Excluded Property (unless such Proceeds, substitutions or replacements would otherwise constitute Excluded Property referred to above).

 

30

 

 

Excluded Subsidiary” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary (other than a Borrower or any Subsidiary of Holdings that directly or indirectly owns Equity Interests of a Borrower) of Holdings that is (a) an Unrestricted Subsidiary, (b) not wholly owned by Holdings or one or more Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiaries of Holdings, (c) an Immaterial Subsidiary that is designated in writing to the Administrative Agent as such by the Parent Borrower, (d) a FSHCO or any Subsidiary of a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary, (e) established or created pursuant to clause (14)(g) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05 and meeting the requirements of the proviso thereto; (f) a Foreign Subsidiary, (g) a Subsidiary that is prohibited by applicable Law from guaranteeing the Facilities, or which would require governmental (including regulatory) consent, approval, license or authorization to provide a guarantee unless, such consent, approval, license or authorization has been received, in each case so long as the Administrative Agent shall have received a certification from a Responsible Officer of Holdings as to the existence of such prohibition or consent, approval, license or authorization requirement, (h) a Subsidiary that is prohibited from guaranteeing the Facilities by any Contractual Obligation in existence on the Closing Date (but not entered into in contemplation thereof) and is listed on Schedule 1.01(e) hereto and for so long as any such Contractual Obligation exists (or, in the case of any newly-acquired Subsidiary, in existence at the time of acquisition thereof but not entered into in contemplation thereof and for so long as any such Contractual Obligation exists), (i) a Subsidiary with respect to which a guarantee by it of the Facilities would result in adverse tax consequences (that are not de minimis) to Holdings (or, to the extent Holdings is treated as a disregarded entity, any regarded owner thereof, as determined for applicable tax purposes), the Borrowers (or any member of a consolidated or affiliated tax group with the Borrowers) or one or more of its Restricted Subsidiaries, as reasonably determined by the Borrowers and notified in writing to the Administrative Agent, (j) any Receivables Subsidiary, (k) not-for-profit subsidiaries, (l) Subsidiaries that are special purpose entities, and (m) any other Subsidiary with respect to which, in the reasonable judgment of the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower, the cost or other consequences of guaranteeing the Facilities would be excessive in view of the benefits to be obtained by the Lenders therefrom; provided that, if a Subsidiary executes the Subsidiary Guaranty as a “Subsidiary Guarantor,” then it shall not constitute an “Excluded Subsidiary” (unless released from its obligations under the Subsidiary Guaranty as a “Subsidiary Guarantor” in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof); provided, further, that no Subsidiary of Holdings shall be an Excluded Subsidiary if such Subsidiary is a guarantor with respect to any Refinancing Notes or any New Incremental Debt, in each case, with an aggregate outstanding principal amount in excess of $30,000,000; provided, further, that notwithstanding the foregoing, “Excluded Subsidiary” shall not include any Discretionary Guarantor for so long as such Discretionary Guarantor constitutes a Discretionary Guarantor in accordance with this Agreement.

 

31

 

 

Excluded Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Guarantor, (a) any Swap Obligation if, and to the extent that, all or a portion of the Guarantee of such Guarantor of, or the grant by such Guarantor of a security interest to secure, such Swap Obligation (or any Guarantee thereof) is or becomes illegal under the Commodity Exchange Act or any rule, regulation, or order of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (or the application or official interpretation of any thereof) (i) by virtue of such Guarantor’s failure to constitute an “eligible contract participant,” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act and the regulations thereunder (determined after giving effect to any applicable keepwell, support, or other agreement for the benefit of such Guarantor), at the time the guarantee of (or grant of such security interest by, as applicable) such Guarantor becomes or would become effective with respect to such Swap Obligation or (ii) in the case of a Swap Obligation that is subject to a clearing requirement pursuant to section 2(h) of the Commodity Exchange Act, because such Guarantor is a “financial entity,” as defined in section 2(h)(7)(C) the Commodity Exchange Act, at the time the guarantee of (or grant of such security interest by, as applicable) such Guarantor becomes or would become effective with respect to such Swap Obligation or (b) any other Swap Obligation designated as an “Excluded Swap Obligation” of such Guarantor as specified in any agreement between the relevant Loan Parties and Hedge Bank applicable to such Swap Obligation.

 

Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient: (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by such Recipient’s net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, any U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed pursuant to a Law in effect on the date on which such Lender becomes a party hereto (other than any Lender becoming a party hereto pursuant to a request by any Loan Party under Section 3.08) or changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 3.01, additional amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changes its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Sections 3.01(g) and (d) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.

 

Executive Order” means Executive Order No. 13224 of September 23, 2001, entitled Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism (66 Fed. Reg. 49079 (2001)).

 

Existing Credit Agreement” has the meaning specified in the Preliminary Statements of this Agreement.

 

Extendable Bridge Loans” means customary “bridge” loans which by their terms will be converted into loans that have, or extended such that they have, a maturity date later than the Latest Maturity Date then in effect.

 

Facility” means the Term Facilities, the Revolving Credit Facility or the Letter of Credit Sublimit, as the context may require.

 

Factoring Transaction” means any transaction or series of transactions that may be entered into by Holdings, the Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary pursuant to which Holdings, the Borrowers or such Restricted Subsidiary may sell, convey, assign or otherwise transfer Receivables Assets (which may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred) to any Person other than a Receivables Subsidiary.

 

Failed Auction” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

32

 

 

Fair Market Value” means, with respect to any asset or property, the price that could be negotiated in an arm’s-length, free market transaction, for cash, between a willing seller and a willing and able buyer, neither of whom is under undue pressure or compulsion to complete the transaction (as determined in good faith by the senior management or the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company, whose determination will be conclusive for all purposes under the Loan Documents).

 

FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future Treasury regulations thereunder or official administrative interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to current Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code (or any amended or successor version described above) and any intergovernmental agreements (and related legislation, rules or official administrative guidance) implementing the foregoing.

 

Federal Funds Effective Rate” means, for any day, the rate calculated by the NYFRB based on such day’s federal funds transactions by depositary institutions, as determined in such manner as the NYFRB shall set forth on its public website from time to time, and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the NYFRB as the effective federal funds rate, provided that if the Federal Funds Effective Rate as so determined would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to zero for the purposes of this Agreement.

 

Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Website” means the website of the NYFRB at http://www.newyorkfed.org, or any successor source. “Federal Reserve Board” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States of America.

 

Fee Letter” means that certain Fee Letter, dated as of the Closing Date, by and among the Borrowers and the Administrative Agent.

 

Financial Covenant” has the meaning specified in Section 7.08.

 

Financial Covenant Event of Default” has the meaning specified in Section 8.01(b).

 

First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement” means the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit M, or otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

 

Fixed GAAP Date” means the Closing Date; provided that at any time after the Closing Date, the Parent Borrower may by written notice to the Administrative Agent elect to change the Fixed GAAP Date to be the date specified in such notice, and upon such notice, the Fixed GAAP Date shall be such date for all periods beginning on and after the date specified in such notice; provided further, that with respect to Capitalized Lease Obligations, the “Fixed GAAP Date” shall be December 31, 2018.

 

Fixed GAAP Terms means (a) the definitions of the terms “Capitalized Lease Obligation,” “Cash Interest Coverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Net Income,” “Consolidated Net Tangible Assets,” “Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Funded Indebtedness,” “Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness,” “Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness,” “Consolidated EBITDA” and “Indebtedness,” (b) all defined terms in this Agreement to the extent used in or relating to any of the foregoing definitions, and all ratios and computations based on any of the foregoing definitions, and (c) any other term or provision of this Agreement that, at the Parent Borrower’s election, may be specified by the Parent Borrower by written notice to the Administrative Agent from time to time; provided that the Parent Borrower may elect to remove any term from constituting a Fixed GAAP Term.

 

Foreign Casualty Event” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(b)(viii).

 

Foreign Disposition” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(b)(viii).

 

Foreign Lender” means a Lender that is not a U.S. Person.

 

33

 

 

Foreign Subsidiary” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of Holdings that is not a Domestic Subsidiary.

 

FRB” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States.

 

Fronting Exposure” means, at any time there is a Defaulting Lender, such Defaulting Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the outstanding L/C Obligations (other than L/C Obligations as to which such Defaulting Lender’s participation obligation has been reallocated to other Non-Defaulting Lenders or Cash Collateralized in accordance with the terms hereof).

 

FSHCO” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of Holdings or any Subsidiary of a Guarantor, in each case, which Subsidiary owns no material assets other than (i) Equity Interests (or, if applicable, Equity Interests and indebtedness) of one or more Controlled Foreign Subsidiaries or other FSHCOs and (ii) cash and Cash Equivalents relating to its ownership in such Controlled Foreign Subsidiaries or other FSHCOs.

 

Fund” means any Person (other than a natural person) that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its business.

 

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America as in effect on the Fixed GAAP Date (for purposes of the Fixed GAAP Terms) and as in effect from time to time (for all other purposes of the Agreement), including those set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board or in such other statements by such other entity as approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession (but excluding the policies, rules and regulations of the SEC applicable only to public companies); provided that the Parent Borrower may at any time elect by written notice to the Administrative Agent to use IFRS in lieu of GAAP for financial reporting purposes and, upon any such notice, references herein to GAAP shall thereafter be construed to mean (a) for periods beginning on and after the date specified in such notice, IFRS as in effect on the date specified in such notice (for purposes of the Fixed GAAP Terms) and as in effect from time to time (for all other purposes of this Agreement) and (b) for prior periods, GAAP as defined in the first sentence of this definition without giving effect to the proviso thereto. All ratios and computations based on GAAP contained in this Agreement shall be computed in conformity with GAAP.

 

Governmental Authority” means any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof, any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, administrative tribunal, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government, including any applicable supranational bodies (such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).

 

Granting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(g).

 

Guarantee” means, as to any Person, without duplication, (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation payable or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part) or (b) any Lien on any assets of such Person securing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation is assumed by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Indebtedness to obtain any such Lien); provided that the term “Guarantee” shall not include endorsements for collection or deposit, in either case in the ordinary course of business, or customary or reasonable indemnity obligations in effect on the Closing Date, or entered into in connection with any acquisition or Disposition of assets permitted under this Agreement (other than such obligations with respect to Indebtedness). The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith. The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.

 

34

 

 

Guarantors” means, collectively, Holdings and, as of the Closing Date, the Subsidiaries of Holdings listed on Schedule 1 and each other Subsidiary of Holdings that executes and delivers a Guaranty or guaranty supplement pursuant to the Guaranty, Section 6.12 or 6.16, unless it has ceased to be a Guarantor pursuant to the terms hereof, and including any Discretionary Guarantor.

 

Guaranty” means, collectively, the Holdings Guaranty and the Subsidiary Guaranty.

 

Hazardous Materials” means all explosive or radioactive substances or wastes and all hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes regulated pursuant to any Environmental Law, including petroleum or petroleum distillates, asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, toxic mold, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon gas, infectious or medical wastes.

 

Hedge Bank” means any Person that (i) at the time it enters into a Swap Contract, is a Lender or an Agent or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent, (ii) within 30 days after the time it enters into a Swap Contract, becomes a Lender or an Agent or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent, (iii) with respect to Swap Contracts in effect as of the Closing Date, is, as of the Closing Date or within 30 days after the Closing Date, a Lender or an Agent or an Affiliate of a Lender or an Agent, in each case, in its capacity as a party to such Swap Contract or (iv)(A) is a party to a Swap Contract with a Loan Party and (B) at the Parent Borrower’s request, delivers to the Administrative Agent a written notice (1) appointing the Administrative Agent as its agent under the applicable Loan Documents and (2) agreeing to be bound by Article IX and Sections 10.05, 10.15 and 10.17 as if such Person were a Lender; provided that the designation of any Hedge Bank pursuant to this clause (iv) shall not create in favor of such Hedge Bank any rights in connection with management or release of Collateral or the obligations of any Loan Party under the Loan Documents.

 

Holdings” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

 

Holdings Guaranty” means the Holdings Guaranty made by Holdings in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties, substantially in the form of Exhibit F-1, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Holdings Parent Specified Expenses” shall mean any charge, tax or expense incurred or accrued by any Parent Holding Company during any period that is attributable to the ownership or operation of Holdings, the Borrowers and the Restricted Subsidiaries to the extent that Holdings has made a Restricted Payment (or has made any Permitted Investment in lieu thereof) to any Parent Holding Company in respect thereof pursuant to Section 7.05(13), but in each case limited to the amount of such Restricted Payment or Investment.

 

Honor Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.03(d)(i).

 

IFRS” means the International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.

 

Immaterial Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of Holdings or the Borrowers that, as of the date of the most recent financial statements required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), does not have (a) assets (when combined with the assets of all other Immaterial Subsidiaries, after eliminating intercompany obligations) in excess of 5.0% of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets or (b) Consolidated EBITDA (when combined with the Consolidated EBITDA of all other Immaterial Subsidiaries, after eliminating intercompany obligations) for the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date in excess of 5.0% of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for such period.

 

Impacted Interest Period” has the meaning assigned to it in the definition of “Eurocurrency Rate.”

 

35

 

 

Increase Effective Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(c).

 

Incremental Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Incremental Arranger” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Incremental Debt Arranger” has the meaning specified in Section 2.15(a).

 

Incur” means, with respect to any Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien, to issue, assume, guarantee, incur or otherwise become liable for such Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien, as applicable; provided that any Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien of a Person existing at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary (whether by merger, amalgamation, consolidation, acquisition or otherwise) shall be deemed to be Incurred by such Person at the time it becomes a Subsidiary.

 

Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person, without duplication:

 

(a) the principal of any indebtedness of such Person, whether or not contingent, (i) in respect of borrowed money, (ii) evidenced by bonds, notes, debentures or similar instruments or letters of credit or bankers’ acceptances (or, without duplication, reimbursement agreements in respect thereof), (iii) representing the deferred and unpaid purchase price of any property, (iv) in respect of the principal-equivalent amount of Capitalized Lease Obligations or (v) representing any Swap Contracts, in each case, if and to the extent that any of the foregoing Indebtedness (other than letters of credit and Swap Contracts) would appear as a liability on a balance sheet (excluding the footnotes thereto) of such Person prepared in accordance with GAAP;

 

(b) to the extent not otherwise included, any guarantee by such Person of the Indebtedness of another Person (other than by endorsement of negotiable instruments for collection in the ordinary course of business); and

 

(c) to the extent not otherwise included, Indebtedness of another Person secured by a Lien on any asset owned by such Person (whether or not such Indebtedness is assumed by such Person); provided, however, that the amount of such Indebtedness will be the lesser of: (a) the Fair Market Value of such asset at such date of determination, and (b) the amount of such Indebtedness of such other Person.

 

The term “Indebtedness” shall not include any lease, concession or license of property (or guarantee thereof) that would be considered an operating lease under GAAP in accordance with the terms hereof, any prepayments of deposits received from clients or customers in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices, or obligations under any license, permit or other approval (or guarantees given in respect of such obligations) Incurred prior to the Closing Date or in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices.

 

Notwithstanding the above provisions, in no event shall the following constitute Indebtedness:

 

(i) Contingent Obligations Incurred in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices;

 

(ii) obligations under or in respect of Receivables Financings;

 

(iii) any balance that constitutes a trade payable, accrued expense or similar obligation to a trade creditor, in each case Incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

(iv) intercompany liabilities that would be eliminated on the consolidated balance sheet of Holdings and its consolidated Subsidiaries;

 

(v) prepaid or deferred revenue arising in the ordinary course of business;

 

36

 

 

(vi) Cash Management Services;

 

(vii) in connection with the purchase by Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary of any business, any post-closing payment adjustments to which the seller may become entitled to the extent such payment is determined by a final closing balance sheet or such payment depends on the performance of such business after the closing; provided, however, that, at the time of closing, the amount of any such payment is not determinable and, to the extent such payment thereafter becomes fixed and determined, the amount is paid in a timely manner;

 

(viii) obligations, to the extent such obligations would otherwise constitute Indebtedness, under any agreement that have been defeased or satisfied and discharged pursuant to the terms of such agreement;

 

(ix) for the avoidance of doubt, any obligations in respect of workers’ compensation claims, early retirement or termination obligations, deferred compensatory or employee or director equity plans, pension fund obligations or contributions or similar claims, obligations or contributions or social security or wage taxes; or

 

(x) Capital Stock (other than Disqualified Stock and Preferred Stock).

 

Indemnified Liabilities” has the meaning specified in Section 10.05.

 

Indemnified Taxes” means (a) all Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of any Borrower under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in (a), all Other Taxes.

 

Indemnitees” has the meaning specified in Section 10.05.

 

Independent Financial Advisor” means an accounting, appraisal or investment banking firm or consultant, in each case of nationally recognized standing that is, in the good faith determination of the Parent Borrower, qualified to perform the task for which it has been engaged.

 

Information” has the meaning specified in Section 10.08.

 

Initial Term Borrowing” means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Initial Term Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(a), in each case, on the Closing Date.

 

Initial Term Commitment” means, as to each Term Lender, its obligation to make Initial Term Loans to the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.01(a) in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the amount set forth opposite such Term Lender’s name on Schedule 2.01 under the caption “Initial Term Commitment” as such amount may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement. The initial aggregate amount of the Initial Term Commitments is $250,000,000.

 

Initial Term Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.01(a).

 

Inside Maturity Date Exception” means Indebtedness consisting of any combination of New Term Facilities, New Incremental Debt, Specified Refinancing Indebtedness, Ratio Debt or Indebtedness incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(o) and any Refinancing of the foregoing in an aggregate original principal amount not to exceed as of the applicable date of determination the greater of (x) $61,000,000 and (y) 100% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently ended four fiscal quarter period for which internal financial statements are delivered or, at the option of the Borrowers, otherwise available.

 

Intellectual Property Security Agreement” means, collectively, the intellectual property security agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit B to the Security Agreement, dated the date of this Agreement, together with each other intellectual property security agreement or Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplement executed and delivered pursuant to Section 6.12, Section 6.14 or Section 6.16.

 

37

 

 

Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplement” means, collectively, any intellectual property security agreement supplement entered into in connection with, and pursuant to the terms of, any Intellectual Property Security Agreement.

 

Intercompany License Agreement” means any cost sharing agreement, commission or royalty agreement, license or sub-license agreement, distribution agreement, services agreement, intellectual property rights transfer agreement or any related agreements, in each case where all the parties to such agreement are one or more of the Loan Parties.

 

Intercompany Subordination Agreement” means an intercompany subordination agreement, in substantially the form of Exhibit J hereto, or otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

 

Interest Payment Date” means, (a) as to any Loan other than a Base Rate Loan, the last day of each Interest Period applicable to such Loan and the Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made; provided, however, that if any Interest Period for a Eurocurrency Rate Loan exceeds three months, the respective dates that fall every three months after the beginning of such Interest Period shall also be Interest Payment Dates; (b) as to any Base Rate Loan, the last Business Day of each March, June, September and December, and the Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made, commencing September 30, 2021; and (c) to the extent necessary to create a fungible tranche of Term Loans (as determined by the Parent Borrower and notified to the Administrative Agent), the date of the incurrence of any New Term Loans.

 

Interest Period” means, as to each Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the period commencing on the date such Eurocurrency Rate Loan is disbursed or converted to or continued as a Eurocurrency Rate Loan and ending on the date one (1), two (2), three (3) or six (6) months thereafter (in each case (if not in Dollars), subject to availability for the interest rate applicable to the relevant currency), or to the extent consented to by all Appropriate Lenders, twelve months thereafter (or such shorter interest period as may be agreed to by all Lenders of the applicable Tranche) as the Parent Borrower may elect; as selected by the Parent Borrower in a Committed Loan Notice; provided that:

 

(a) any Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day;

 

(b) any Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period; and

 

(c) no Interest Period shall extend beyond the scheduled Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made;

 

provided, further, that the Interest Period for any Borrowing to be made on the Closing Date (which Interest Period shall commence on the Closing Date) may end on the last Business Day of any calendar month ending on or before December 31, 2021, as selected by the Parent Borrower (it being understood that the interest rate applicable to any such Interest Period will be calculated based on the next longest Interest Period referred to above).

 

Interpolated Rate” means, at any time, for any Interest Period, the rate per annum (rounded to the same number of decimal places as the Screen Rate) determined by the Administrative Agent (which determination shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error) to be equal to the rate that results from interpolating on a linear basis between: (a) the Screen Rate for the longest period for which the Screen Rate is available for Dollars that is shorter than the Impacted Interest Period; and (b) the Screen Rate for the shortest period (for which that Screen Rate is available for Dollars) that exceeds the Impacted Interest Period, in each case, at such time.

 

38

 

 

Investment” means, with respect to any Person, (i) all investments by such Person in other Persons (including Affiliates) in the form of (a) loans (including guarantees of Indebtedness), (b) advances or capital contributions (excluding accounts receivable, trade credit and advances or other payments made to customers, dealers, suppliers and distributors and payroll, commission, travel and similar advances to officers, directors, managers, employees consultants and independent contractors made in the ordinary course of business), and (c) purchases or other acquisitions for consideration of Indebtedness, Equity Interests or other securities issued by any other Person and (ii) investments that are required by GAAP to be classified on the balance sheet of Holdings in the same manner as the other investments included in clause (i) of this definition to the extent such transactions involve the transfer of cash or other property; provided that Investments shall not include, in the case of Holdings and the Restricted Subsidiaries, intercompany loans, advances, or Indebtedness having a term not exceeding 364 days (inclusive of any roll-over or extensions of terms) and made in the ordinary course of business. If Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary sells or otherwise disposes of any Equity Interests of any Restricted Subsidiary, or any Subsidiary issues any Equity Interests, in either case, such that, after giving effect to any such sale or disposition, such Person is no longer a Restricted Subsidiary of Holdings or such Borrower, the Parent Borrower shall be deemed to have made an Investment on the date of any such sale or other disposition equal to the Fair Market Value of the Equity Interests of and all other Investments in such Restricted Subsidiary retained. In no event shall a guarantee of an operating lease of Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary be deemed an Investment. For purposes of the definition of “Unrestricted Subsidiary” and Section 7.05:

 

(1) “Investments” shall include the portion (proportionate to the relevant Borrower Party’s equity interest in such Subsidiary) of the Fair Market Value of the net assets of a Subsidiary of such Borrower Party at the time that such Subsidiary is designated an Unrestricted Subsidiary; provided, however, that upon a redesignation of such Subsidiary as a Restricted Subsidiary, such Borrower Party shall be deemed to continue to have a permanent “Investment” in an Unrestricted Subsidiary in an amount (if positive) equal to:

 

(a) such Borrower Party’s “Investment” in such Subsidiary at the time of such redesignation, less

 

(b) the portion (proportionate to such Borrower Party’s equity interest in such Subsidiary) of the Fair Market Value of the net assets of such Subsidiary at the time of such redesignation; and

 

(2) any property transferred to or from an Unrestricted Subsidiary shall be valued at its Fair Market Value at the time of such transfer.

 

The amount of any Investment outstanding at any time (including for purposes of calculating the amount of any Investment outstanding at any time under any provision of Section 7.05 and otherwise determining compliance with Section 7.05) shall be the original cost of such Investment (determined, in the case of any Investment made with assets of Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, based on the Fair Market Value of the assets invested and without taking into account subsequent increases or decreases in value), reduced by any dividend, distribution, interest payment, return of capital, repayment or other amount received in cash by Holdings, any Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary in respect of such Investment and shall be net of any Investment by such Person in Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Investment Grade Rating” means a rating equal to or higher than Baa3 (or the equivalent) by Moody’s and BBB- (or the equivalent) by S&P, or an equivalent rating by any other “nationally recognized statistical rating organization” within the meaning of Section 3 under the Exchange Act selected by the Parent Borrower as a replacement agency for Moody’s or S&P, as the case may be.

 

Investment Grade Securities” means:

 

(1) securities issued or directly and guaranteed or insured by the U.S. government or any agency or instrumentality thereof (other than Cash Equivalents),

 

39

 

 

(2) securities that have an Investment Grade Rating, but excluding any debt securities or instruments constituting loans or advances among the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries,

 

(3) investments in any fund that invests at least 95.0% of its assets in investments of the type described in clauses (1) and (2) above and clause (4) below which fund may also hold immaterial amounts of cash pending investment and/or distribution, and

 

(4) corresponding instruments in countries other than the United States customarily utilized for high quality investments and in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition.

 

IP Rights” has the meaning specified in Section 5.16.

 

IPO Entity” means Paya Holdings Inc.

 

IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

 

ISP” means, with respect to any Letter of Credit, the “International Standby Practices 1998” published by the Institute of International Banking Law & Practice, Inc. (or such later version thereof as may be in effect at the time of issuance and to which such Letter of Credit is subject).

 

Issuer Documents” means with respect to any Letter of Credit, the Letter of Credit Application, and any other document, agreement and instrument entered into by the applicable L/C Issuer and a Borrower (or, if applicable, a Restricted Subsidiary) or in favor of such L/C Issuer and relating to such Letter of Credit.

 

joint venture” means any joint venture or similar arrangement (in each case, regardless of legal formation), including but not limited to collaboration arrangements, profit sharing arrangements or other contractual arrangements.

 

Judgment Currency” has the meaning specified in Section 10.23.

 

Junior Financing” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

 

Junior Financing Document” means any documentation governing any Junior Financing.

 

JV Distribution” means, at any time, the aggregate amount of all cash dividends or distributions received by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries as a return on an Investment in a Permitted Joint Venture that is not a Restricted Subsidiary during the period from the Closing Date through the end of the fiscal quarter most recently ended immediately prior to such date for which financial statements are internally available; provided that Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries are not required to reinvest such dividends or distributions in the Permitted Joint Venture.

 

Latest Maturity Date” means, at any date of determination, the latest maturity or expiration date applicable to any Term Loan Tranche or Revolving Tranche at such time under this Agreement, in each case as extended in accordance with this Agreement from time to time.

 

Laws” means, collectively, all applicable international, foreign, federal, state and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority.

 

L/C Advance” means, with respect to each Revolving Credit Lender, such Lender’s funding of its participation in any L/C Borrowing in accordance with its applicable Pro Rata Share.

 

40

 

 

L/C Borrowing” means an extension of credit resulting from a drawing under any Letter of Credit which has not been reimbursed by the Borrowers on the date required under Section 2.03(d)(i) or refinanced as a Revolving Credit Borrowing.

 

L/C Credit Extension” means, with respect to any Letter of Credit, the issuance thereof or extension of the expiry date thereof, or the renewal or increase of the amount thereof.

 

L/C Disbursement” means a payment made by an L/C Issuer pursuant to a Letter of Credit.

 

L/C Issuer” means (a) each of Credit Suisse, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., Jefferies Finance LLC and Golub Capital LLC, each in its capacity as an issuer of Letters of Credit hereunder (it being understood that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, no L/C Issuer shall be obligated to issue any letters of credit hereunder other than standby letters of credit denominated in Dollars), and (b) any other Lender reasonably acceptable to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned) that agrees to issue Letters of Credit pursuant hereto, in each case in its capacity as an issuer of Letters of Credit hereunder, or any successor issuer of Letters of Credit hereunder, and in each case, applicable Affiliates; provided that (i) no L/C Issuer shall be required to issue Letters of Credit in an amount in excess of its Letter of Credit Commitment. No Lender shall be obligated to become an L/C Issuer hereunder and (ii) each of Jefferies Finance LLC and Golub Capital LLC may cause Letters of Credit to be issued by unaffiliated financial institutions and such Letters of Credit shall be treated as issued by Jefferies Finance LLC or Golub Capital LLC, as applicable, for all purposes under the Loan Documents.

 

L/C Obligations” means, as at any date of determination, the aggregate amount available to be drawn under all outstanding Letters of Credit plus the aggregate of all Unreimbursed Amounts, including all L/C Borrowings. For purposes of computing the amount available to be drawn under any Letter of Credit, the amount of such Letter of Credit shall be determined in accordance with Section 1.09. For all purposes of this Agreement, if on any date of determination a Letter of Credit has expired by its terms but (a) any amount may still be drawn thereunder by reason of the operation of Rule 3.13 or Rule 3.14 of the ISP, such Letter of Credit shall be deemed to be “outstanding” in the amount so remaining available to be drawn, or (b) any drawing was made thereunder on or before the last day permitted thereunder and such drawing has not been honored or refused by the applicable L/C Issuer, such Letter of Credit shall be deemed to be “outstanding” in the amount of such drawing.

 

Lender” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement and, as the context requires, includes each L/C Issuer.

 

Lender Parent” means, with respect to any Lender, any Person as to which such Lender is, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary.

 

Lending Office” means, as to any Lender, the office or offices of such Lender described as such in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire, or such other office or offices as a Lender may from time to time notify the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent, which office may include any Affiliate of such Lender or any domestic or foreign branch of such Lender or such Affiliate. Unless the context otherwise requires each reference to a Lender shall include its applicable Lending Office.

 

Letter of Credit” means any letter of credit issued hereunder. A Letter of Credit may be a commercial letter of credit or a standby letter of credit.

 

Letter of Credit Application” means an application and agreement for the issuance or amendment of a Letter of Credit in the form from time to time in use by the applicable L/C Issuer, together with a request for L/C Credit Extension, substantially in the form of Exhibit A-2 hereto.

 

Letter of Credit Commitment” means, with respect to each L/C Issuer, the commitment of such L/C Issuer to issue and to honor payment obligations under Letters of Credit to the extent provided in Section 2.03(d), which (i) as to any L/C Issuer as of the Closing Date, such commitment is set forth on Schedule 2.01(c) and (ii) as to any other L/C Issuer, the amount agreed by the Parent Borrower and such L/C Issuer and notified in writing to the Administrative Agent; provided that the Letter of Credit Commitment of any L/C Issuer added pursuant to clause (b) of the definition of “L/C Issuer” shall reduce, on a pro rata basis, the Letter of Credit Commitments of each of the L/C Issuers named in clause (a) of the definition of “L/C Issuer”.

 

41

 

 

Letter of Credit Expiration Date” means, subject to Section 2.03(a)(ii)(C), the day that is five Business Days prior to the scheduled Maturity Date then in effect for the Revolving Credit Facility (or, if such day is not a Business Day, the next preceding Business Day).

 

Letter of Credit Sublimit” means an amount equal to $10,000,000. The Letter of Credit Sublimit is part of, and not in addition to, the Revolving Credit Facility.

 

Lien” means, with respect to any asset, any mortgage, lien, pledge, hypothecation, charge, security interest, preference, priority or encumbrance of any kind in respect of such asset, whether or not filed, recorded or otherwise perfected under applicable law (including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any lease in the nature thereof, any option or other agreement to sell or give a security interest in and any filing of or agreement to give any financing statement under the Uniform Commercial Code (or equivalent or similar statutes) of any jurisdiction); provided that in no event shall an operating lease or an agreement to sell be deemed to constitute a Lien.

 

Loan” means an extension of credit by a Lender to the Borrowers under Article II in the form of a Term Loan, a Revolving Credit Loan or a Specified Refinancing Revolving Loan.

 

Loan Documents” means, collectively, (i) this Agreement, (ii) the Notes, (iii) the Guaranty, (iv) the Collateral Documents, (v) the Intercompany Subordination Agreement, (vi) any intercreditor agreement required to be entered into pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, (vii) any agreement creating or perfecting rights in Cash Collateral pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.16 of this Agreement, and (viii) any Refinancing Amendment.

 

Loan Parties” means, collectively, the Borrowers and each Guarantor.

 

London Banking Day” means any day on which dealings in Dollar deposits are conducted by and between banks in the London interbank market.

 

Majority Lenders” of any Tranche shall mean those Non-Defaulting Lenders which would constitute the Required Lenders under, and as defined in, this Agreement if all outstanding Obligations of the other Tranches under this Agreement were repaid in full and all Commitments with respect thereto were terminated.

 

Margin Stock” has the meaning assigned to such term in Regulation U of the Board as from time to time in effect.

 

Market Capitalization” means an amount equal to (i) the total number of issued and outstanding shares of common stock or common equity interests of Holdings on the date of the declaration of a Restricted Payment multiplied by (ii) the arithmetic mean of the closing prices per share of such common stock or common equity interests on the principal securities exchange on which such common stock or common equity interests are traded for the thirty (30) consecutive trading days immediately preceding the date of declaration of such Restricted Payment.

 

Material Adverse Effect” means (i) a material adverse effect on the business, assets, property, financial condition or results of operations of Holdings, the Borrowers and the Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, (ii) a material adverse effect on the ability of the Loan Parties (taken as a whole) to perform their respective payment obligations under the Loan Documents, or (iii) a material adverse effect on the rights or remedies (taken as a whole) of the Administrative Agent or the Lenders under the Loan Documents, taken as a whole.

 

Material Intellectual Property” means intellectual property owned by any Loan Party or any Restricted Subsidiary that is material to the business of the Borrower Parties or the Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

42

 

 

Maturity Date” means: (a) with respect to the Revolving Credit Facility, the earlier of (i) June 25, 2026 and (ii) the date of termination in whole of the Revolving Credit Commitments pursuant to Section 2.06(a) or 8.02; and (b) with respect to the Initial Term Loans, the earliest of (i) June 25, 2028, (ii) the date of termination in whole of the Initial Term Commitments pursuant to Section 2.06(a) prior to any Initial Term Borrowing and (iii) the date that the Initial Term Loans are declared due and payable pursuant to Section 8.02; provided that the reference to Maturity Date with respect to (i) Term Loans and Revolving Credit Commitments that are the subject of a loan modification offer pursuant to Section 10.01 and (ii) Term Loans and Revolving Credit Commitments that are incurred pursuant to Section 2.14 or 2.18 shall, in each case, be the final maturity date as specified in the loan modification documentation, incremental documentation, or specified refinancing documentation, as applicable thereto.

 

Maximum Leverage / Minimum Interest Coverage Requirement” means the requirement that, on a Pro Forma Basis, after giving effect to such increase, such new Facility (assuming all commitments thereunder are fully drawn; provided that, in the case of a new Facility in the form of a delayed draw term loan facility, such commitments thereunder shall be assumed to be fully drawn at the time of the establishment of such commitments or, if elected by the Parent Borrower, such loans and commitments shall be tested upon incurrence of such delayed draw term loan facility) or such New Incremental Debt or other Indebtedness (including, in each case, any acquisition consummated concurrently therewith) and without deducting any cash and Cash Equivalents borrowed under such new facility on the date of incurrence, (a) for any such increase, new Facility and/or New Incremental Debt or other Indebtedness that secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Term Loans, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available (x) does not exceed 4.25:1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, (b) for any such increase, new Facility and/or New Incremental Debt or other Indebtedness that are secured by the Collateral on a junior basis to the Term Loans, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available (x) does not exceed 5.00:1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment or (c) for any such increase, new Facility and/or New Incremental Debt or other Indebtedness that are unsecured or secured on assets not constituting Collateral, (1) the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available (x) does not exceed 5.75:1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment or (2) the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio would (x) be no less than 2.00 to 1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio does not decrease immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment.

 

Maximum Rate” has the meaning specified in Section 10.10.

 

Merchant Portfolio” means the provision of services to, and agreements with, any acquiring bank, originating depository financial institution, merchant or any other person that authorizes (i) credit or debit card transactions from a card association card holder, (ii) ACH transactions, (iii) Check21 transactions or (iv) gift and loyalty card transactions, or the referring of any merchants or any of the foregoing persons to any person conducting such transactions (including any rights to receive residual fees and any other assets related to such merchant portfolios or used or useful in such business).

 

Merchant Portfolio Acquisitions” means the direct or indirect acquisition of any Merchant Portfolio.

 

Minimum Tender Condition” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19

 

Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor thereto.

 

Multiemployer Plan” means a “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA, to which any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate makes or is obligated to make contributions.

 

43

 

 

Natural Person” means (a) any natural person or (b) a holding company, investment vehicle or trust for, or owned and operated for the primary benefit of a natural person or relatives thereof; provided that, with respect to clause (b) above, such holding company, investment vehicle or trust shall not constitute a Natural Person if it (x) has not been established for the primary purpose of acquiring any Loans or Commitments, (y) is managed by a professional advisor, who is not such natural person or a relative thereof, having significant experience in the business of making or purchasing commercial loans, and (z) has assets greater than $25,000,000 and a significant part of its activities consist of making or purchasing commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its business.

 

Net Cash Proceeds” means:

 

(a) with respect to the Disposition of any asset by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries (other than any Disposition of any Receivables Assets in a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing) or any Casualty Event, the excess, if any, of (i) the sum of cash and Cash Equivalents received in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (including any cash or Cash Equivalents received by way of deferred payment pursuant to, or by monetization of, a note receivable or otherwise, but only as and when so received and, with respect to any Casualty Event, any insurance proceeds or condemnation awards in respect of such Casualty Event received by or paid to or for the account of Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries and including any proceeds received as a result of unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection with such related transaction) over (ii) the sum of:

 

(A) the principal amount of any Indebtedness that is (i) secured by a Lien on the asset subject to such Disposition or Casualty Event or (ii) in the case of a Disposition by, or Casualty Event with respect to, a Non-Loan Party, is owed by a Non-Loan Party and, in each case, that is required to be repaid in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (other than (x) Indebtedness under the Loan Documents and (y), if such asset constitutes Collateral, any Indebtedness secured by such asset with a Lien ranking pari passu with or junior to the Lien securing the Obligations), together with any applicable premiums, penalties, interest or breakage costs,

 

(B) the fees and out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Holdings or such Restricted Subsidiary in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (including attorneys’ fees, accountants’ fees, investment banking fees, survey costs, title insurance premiums, and related search and recording charges, transfer taxes, deed or mortgage recording taxes, other customary expenses and brokerage, consultant and other customary fees actually incurred in connection therewith),

 

(C) all Taxes paid or reasonably estimated to be payable in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (including any Tax Distribution Holdings may make as a result of such Disposition or Casualty Event) and any repatriation costs associated with receipt or distribution by the applicable taxpayer of such proceeds,

 

(D) amounts repaid in respect of customer deposits,

 

(E) any costs associated with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection with such transaction,

 

(F) any reserve for adjustment in respect of (x) the sale price of the property that is the subject of such Disposition established in accordance with GAAP and (y) any liabilities associated with such property and retained by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries after such Disposition, including pension and other post-employment benefit liabilities and liabilities related to environmental matters or against any indemnification obligations associated with such transaction, and it being understood that “Net Cash Proceeds” shall include, without limitation, any cash or Cash Equivalents (i) received upon the Disposition of any non-cash consideration received by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in any such Disposition and (ii) upon the reversal (without the satisfaction of any applicable liabilities in cash in a corresponding amount) of any reserve described in this clause (F), and

 

44

 

 

(G) in the case of any Disposition or Casualty Event by a Restricted Subsidiary that is not a Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary, the pro rata portion of the Net Cash Proceeds thereof (calculated without regard to this clause (G)) attributable to the minority interests; and

 

(b) with respect to the incurrence or issuance of any Indebtedness by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries, the excess, if any, of (i) the sum of the cash received in connection with such incurrence or issuance and in connection with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection therewith over (ii) the investment banking fees, underwriting discounts and commissions, premiums, expenses, accrued interest and fees related thereto, Taxes reasonably estimated to be payable and other out-of-pocket expenses and other customary expenses, incurred by Holdings or such Restricted Subsidiary in connection with such incurrence or issuance and any costs associated with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection therewith and, in the case of Indebtedness of any Foreign Subsidiary, deductions in respect of withholding Taxes that are or would otherwise be payable in cash if such funds were repatriated to the United States.

 

Net Short Lender” means at any date of determination, each Lender that has a Net Short Position as of such date; provided that Unrestricted Lenders shall not be Net Short Lenders.

 

Net Short Position” means, with respect to a Lender (other than an Unrestricted Lender), as of a date of determination, the net positive position, if any, held by such Lender that is remaining after deducting any long position that the Lender holds (i.e., a position (whether as an investor, lender or holder of Loans, debt obligations and/or Derivative Instruments) where the Lender is exposed to the credit risk of Deliverable Obligations of the Loan Parties) from any short positions (i.e., a position as described above, but where the Lender is instead protected from the credit risk described above).

 

For purposes of determining whether a Lender (other than an Unrestricted Lender) has a Net Short Position on any date of determination:

 

(a) Derivative Instruments shall be counted at the notional amount (in Dollars) of such Derivative Instrument; provided that, subject to clause (e) below, the notional amount of Derivative Instruments referencing an index that includes any of the Loan Parties or any bond or loan obligation issued or guaranteed by any Loan Party shall be determined in proportionate amount and by reference to the percentage weighting of the component which references any Loan Party or any bond or loan obligation issued or guaranteed by any Loan Party that would be a “Deliverable Obligation” or an “Obligation” (as defined in the ISDA CDS Definitions) of the Loan Parties;

 

(b) notional amounts of Derivative Instruments in other currencies shall be converted to the Dollar equivalent thereof by such Lender in accordance with the terms of such Derivative Instruments, as applicable; provided that if not otherwise provided in such Derivative Instrument, such conversion shall be made in a commercially reasonable manner consistent with generally accepted financial practices and based on the prevailing conversion rate determined (on a midmarket basis) by such Lender, acting in a commercially reasonable manner, on the date of determination;

 

(c) Derivative Instruments that are documented using either the 2014 ISDA Credit Derivatives Definitions or the 2003 ISDA Credit Derivatives Definitions (or any successor definitions thereof, collectively, the “ISDA CDS Definitions”) shall be deemed to create a short position with respect to the Loans if such Lender is a protection buyer or the equivalent thereof for such Derivative Instrument and (i) the Loans are a “Reference Obligation” under the terms of such derivative transaction (whether specified by name in the related documentation, included as a “Standard Reference Obligation” on the most recent list published by Markit, if “Standard Reference Obligation” is specified as applicable in the relevant documentation or in any other manner) or (ii) the Loans would be a “Deliverable Obligation” or an “Obligation” (as defined in the ISDA CDS Definitions) of the Loan Parties under the terms of such derivative transaction;

 

45

 

 

(d) credit derivative transactions or other Derivative Instruments not documented using the ISDA CDS Definitions shall be counted for purposes of the Net Short Position determination if, with respect to the Loans, such transactions are functionally equivalent to a transaction that offers such Lender protection in respect of the Loans; and

 

(e) Derivative Instruments in respect of an index that includes any of the Loan Parties or any instrument issued or guaranteed by any of the Loan Parties shall not be deemed to create a short position, so long as (A) such index is not created, designed, administered or requested by such Lender and (B) the Loan Parties, and any Deliverable Obligation of the Loan Parties, collectively, shall represent less than 5.0% of the components of such index.

 

Net Short Representation” means, with respect to any Lender (other than an Unrestricted Lender) at any time, a representation and warranty (including any deemed representation and warranty, as the case may be) from such Lender to the Borrowers that it is not (x) a Net Short Lender at such time or (y) knowingly and intentionally acting in concert with any of its Affiliates for the express purpose of creating (and in fact creating) the same economic effect with respect to the Loan Parties as though such Lender were a Net Short Lender at such time.

 

New Incremental Debt” has the meaning specified in Section 2.15(a).

 

New Incremental Debt Indentures” means, collectively, the indentures or other similar agreements pursuant to which any New Incremental Debt are issued, together with all instruments and other agreements in connection therewith, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, but only to the extent permitted under the terms of the Loan Documents.

 

New Loan Commitments” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Revolving Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Revolving Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Revolving Loan” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Term Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Term Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

New Term Loan” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Non-Consenting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 3.08(c).

 

Non-Defaulting Lender” means any Lender other than a Defaulting Lender.

 

Non-Loan Party” means any Restricted Subsidiary of Holdings that is not a Loan Party.

 

Note” means a Term Note or a Revolving Credit Note, as the context may require.

 

NPL” means the National Priorities List under CERCLA.

 

NYFRB” means the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

 

NYFRB Rate” means, for any day, the greater of (a) the Federal Funds Effective Rate in effect on such day and (b) the Overnight Bank Funding Rate in effect on such day (or for any day that is not a Business Day, for the immediately preceding Business Day); provided that if none of such rates are published for any day that is a Business Day, the term “NYFRB Rate” means the rate for a federal funds transaction quoted at 11:00 a.m. on such day received by the Administrative Agent from a federal funds broker of recognized standing selected by it; provided, further, that if any of the aforesaid rates as so determined be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement.

 

46

 

 

Obligations” means all advances to, and debts, liabilities, obligations, covenants and duties of, any Loan Party arising under any Loan Document or otherwise with respect to any Loan, Letter of Credit, Secured Cash Management Agreement or Secured Hedge Agreement, in each case whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assumption), absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising and including interest and fees that accrue after the commencement by or against any Loan Party of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Laws naming such Person as the debtor in such proceeding, regardless of whether such interest and fees are allowed claims in such proceeding; provided that (a) obligations of any Loan Party under any Secured Cash Management Agreement or Secured Hedge Agreement shall be secured and guaranteed pursuant to the Collateral Documents only to the extent that, and for so long as, the other Obligations are so secured and guaranteed, (b) any release of Collateral or Guarantors effected in the manner permitted by this Agreement shall not require the consent of holders of obligations under Secured Hedge Agreements or Secured Cash Management Agreements and (c) the Obligations with respect to any Guarantor shall not include Excluded Swap Obligations of such Guarantor. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Obligations of the Loan Parties under the Loan Documents include (a) the obligation to pay principal, interest, Letter of Credit commissions, charges, expenses, fees, indemnities and other amounts payable by any Loan Party under any Loan Document and (b) the obligation of any Loan Party to reimburse any amount in respect of any of the foregoing pursuant to Section 10.04.

 

OFAC” shall have the meaning specified in the definition of Sanctions Laws and Regulations.

 

OID” means original issue discount.

 

Organization Documents” means (a) with respect to any corporation, the certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction), (b) with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization and operating or limited liability company agreement (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction) and (c) with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture, trust or other applicable agreement of formation or organization and any agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization and, if applicable, any certificate or articles of formation or organization of such entity.

 

Other Affiliate” means the Sponsor and its Affiliates, other than Holdings, any Subsidiary of Holdings and any natural person.

 

Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).

 

Other LC” has the meaning specified in Section 2.03(c)(v).

 

Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 3.01(f) or Section 3.08).

 

Outstanding Amount” means: (a) with respect to the Term Loans, Revolving Credit Loans and Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans on any date, the Dollar Equivalent amount of the aggregate outstanding principal amount thereof after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of the Term Loans, Revolving Credit Loans (including any refinancing of outstanding unpaid drawings under Letters of Credit or L/C Credit Extensions as a Revolving Credit Borrowing) and Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans, as the case may be, occurring on such date; and (b) with respect to any L/C Obligations on any date, the amount of such L/C Obligations on such date after giving effect to any L/C Credit Extension occurring on such date and any other changes in the aggregate amount of the L/C Obligations as of such date, including as a result of any reimbursements of outstanding unpaid drawings under any Letters of Credit (including any refinancing of outstanding unpaid drawings under Letters of Credit or L/C Credit Extensions as a Revolving Credit Borrowing) or any reductions in the maximum amount available for drawing under Letters of Credit taking effect on such date.

 

47

 

 

Overnight Bank Funding Rate” means, for any day, the rate comprised of both overnight federal funds and overnight Eurodollar borrowings by U.S.-managed banking offices of depository institutions, as such composite rate shall be determined by the NYFRB as set forth on its public website from time to time, and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the NYFRB as an overnight bank funding rate.

 

Parent Borrower” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

 

Parent Holding Company” means any direct or indirect parent entity of Holdings which holds directly or indirectly 100% of the Equity Interest of Holdings and which does not hold Capital Stock in any other Person (except for any other Parent Holding Company).

 

Pari Passu Indebtedness” means:

 

(a) with respect to any Borrower, any Indebtedness that ranks pari passu in right of security to the Loans; and

 

(b) with respect to any Guarantor, its guarantee of the Obligations and any Indebtedness that ranks pari passu in right of security to such Guarantor’s guarantee of the Obligations.

 

Pari Passu Intercreditor Agreement” means a Pari Passu Intercreditor Agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit N, or otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

 

Participant” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(d).

 

Participant Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(m).

 

Participating Member State” means each state as described in any EMU Legislation.

 

PATRIOT Act” has the meaning specified in Section 10.22.

 

Payment Recipient” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 9.19.

 

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

 

Pension Funding Rules” means the rules of the Code and ERISA regarding minimum required contributions (including any installment payment thereof) to Plans and set forth in Sections 412 and 430 of the Code and Sections 302 and 303 of ERISA.

 

Perfection Exceptions” means that no Loan Party shall be required to (i) enter into control agreements with respect to, or otherwise perfect any security interest by “control” (or similar arrangements) over securities accounts, deposit accounts, other bank accounts, cash and cash equivalents and accounts related to the clearing, payment processing and similar operations of Holdings and its Restricted Subsidiaries, (ii) perfect the security interest in the following other than by the filing of a UCC financing statement: (1) letter-of-credit rights (as defined in the UCC), (2) commercial tort claims (as defined in the UCC), (3) Fixtures (as defined in the UCC) and (4) Assigned Agreements (as defined in the Security Agreement), (iii) send notices to account debtors or other contractual third-parties unless an Event of Default has not been cured or waived and is continuing and the Administrative Agent has exercised its rights pursuant to Section 8.02 of this Agreement, (iv) except with respect to the equity and assets of any Foreign Subsidiary that becomes a Loan Party, enter into any security documents to be governed by the law of any jurisdiction in which assets are located other than the United States, any state thereof (or the District of Columbia) or take any action outside the United States to perfect any Lien with respect to intellectual property governed by or arising under the law of any jurisdiction outside the United States, (v) deliver landlord waivers, estoppels or collateral access letters or (vi) enter into or deliver any mortgages with respect to real property or (vii) except with regards to assets of any Foreign Subsidiary that becomes a Loan Party make any filing to perfect the Lien on and security interest in any intellectual property except for filings in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the United States Copyright Office, and filings of UCC-1 filing statements in the applicable jurisdiction.

 

48

 

 

Permitted Asset Swap” means the substantially concurrent purchase and sale or exchange of Related Business Assets or a combination of Related Business Assets and cash or Cash Equivalents between Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries and another Person; provided that any cash or Cash Equivalents received must be applied in accordance with Section 7.04.

 

Permitted Debt” has the meaning specified in Section 7.01.

 

Permitted Debt Exchange” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19.

 

Permitted Debt Exchange Notes” means Indebtedness in the form of unsecured, first lien, second lien or other junior lien notes; provided that such Indebtedness (i) satisfies the Permitted Other Debt Conditions, (ii) such Indebtedness is not at any time guaranteed by any Person other than Guarantors, and (iii) to the extent secured, such Indebtedness is not secured by property other than the Collateral and the Liens securing such Indebtedness shall be subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements and the security agreements governing such Liens shall be substantially the same as of the Collateral Documents (with such differences as are reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent).

 

Permitted Debt Exchange Offer” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19(a).

 

Permitted Holders” means each of (a) the Sponsor, (b) managers and members of management of the Parent Borrower (or any Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)) or its Subsidiaries that have ownership interests in the Parent Borrower (or such Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)), (c) any Permitted Transferee of any of the foregoing persons, (d) any group (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act) of which any of the Persons described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above are members; provided that, without giving effect to the existence of such group or any other group, any of the Persons described in clauses (a), (b) or (c), collectively, beneficially own Voting Stock representing 50% or more of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of the Parent Borrower (or any Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)) then held by such group, and (e) any Permitted Parent.

 

Permitted Investments” means:

 

(1) any Investment in cash and Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities and Investments that were Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities when made;

 

(2) any Investment in Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(3) [reserved];

 

(4) any Investment by Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in a Person that is primarily engaged in a Similar Business if as a result of such Investment (a) such Person becomes a Restricted Subsidiary, or (b) such Person, in one transaction or a series of related transactions, is merged, consolidated or amalgamated with or into, or transfers or conveys all or substantially all of its assets to, or is liquidated into, Holdings, a Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary (and any Investment held by such Person that was not acquired by such Person in contemplation of so becoming a Restricted Subsidiary or in contemplation of such merger, consolidation, amalgamation, transfer, conveyance or liquidation);

 

(5) any Investment in securities or other assets received in connection with an Asset Sale made pursuant to Section 7.04 or any other Disposition of assets not constituting an Asset Sale;

 

49

 

 

(6) any Investment (x) existing on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.05, (y) made pursuant to binding commitments in effect on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.05 or (z) that replaces, refinances, refunds, renews or extends any Investment described under either of the immediately preceding clauses (x) or (y); provided that any such Investment is in an amount that does not exceed the amount replaced, refinanced, refunded, renewed or extended, except as contemplated pursuant to the terms of such Investment in existence on the Closing Date or as otherwise permitted under this definition or otherwise under Section 7.05;

 

(7) loans and advances to, or guarantees of Indebtedness of, employees, directors, officers, managers, consultants or independent contractors in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (7) that are at the time outstanding, not in excess of $8,775,000 outstanding at any one time in the aggregate;

 

(8) loans and advances to officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors for business related travel and entertainment expenses, moving and relocation expenses and other similar expenses, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

 

(9) any Investment (x) acquired by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries (a) in exchange for any other Investment or accounts receivable held by Holdings or any such Restricted Subsidiary in connection with or as a result of a bankruptcy, workout, reorganization or recapitalization of Holdings or such Restricted Subsidiary of such other Investment or accounts receivable, or (b) as a result of a foreclosure or other remedial action by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries with respect to any Investment or other transfer of title with respect to any Investment in default and (y) received in compromise or resolution of (A) obligations of trade creditors or customers that were incurred in the ordinary course of business of Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary, including pursuant to any plan of reorganization or similar arrangement upon the bankruptcy or insolvency of any trade creditor or customer, or (B) litigation, arbitration or other disputes;

 

(10) Swap Contracts and cash management services permitted under Section 7.01(j), including any payments in connection with the termination thereof;

 

(11) any Investment by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in a Similar Business in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (11) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed the greater of (x) $24,500,000 and (y) 40% of Consolidated EBITDA; provided, however, that if any Investment pursuant to this clause (11) is made in any Person that is not a Restricted Subsidiary at the date of the making of such Investment and such Person becomes a Restricted Subsidiary after such date, such Investment shall thereafter be deemed to have been made pursuant to clause (2) above and shall cease to have been made pursuant to this clause (11) for so long as such Person continues to be a Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(12) additional Investments by Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (12) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed (a) the greater of (x) $24,500,000 and (y) 40% of Consolidated EBITDA, plus (b) unutilized amounts pursuant to (x) clause (25) of Section 7.05 (provided that any such usage under this clause (12) shall reduce the amount available under Section 7.05(25)) and (y) clause (11) of Section 7.05 (provided that any such usage under this clause (12) shall reduce the amount available under clause (11) of Section 7.05); provided, however, that if any Investment pursuant to this clause (12) is made in any Person that is not a Restricted Subsidiary at the date of the making of such Investment and such Person becomes a Restricted Subsidiary after such date, such Investment shall thereafter be deemed to have been made pursuant to clause (2) above and shall cease to have been made pursuant to this clause (12) for so long as such Person continues to be a Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(13) any transaction to the extent it constitutes an Investment that is permitted and made in accordance with the provisions of Section 6.18(b) (except transactions described in clause (2), (3), (4), (8), (9), (13), (14) or (20) of such Section 6.18(b));

 

50

 

 

(14) Investments the payment for which consists of Equity Interests (other than Excluded Equity) of Holdings or any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, as applicable; provided, however, that such Equity Interests will not increase the amount available for Restricted Payments under clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05;

 

(15) Investments consisting of the leasing, licensing, sublicensing or contribution of intellectual property in the ordinary course of business or pursuant to joint marketing arrangements with other Persons;

 

(16) Investments consisting of purchases or acquisitions of inventory, supplies, materials and equipment or purchases, acquisitions, licenses, sublicenses or leases or subleases of intellectual property, or other rights or assets, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

 

(17) any Investment in a Receivables Subsidiary or any Investment by a Receivables Subsidiary in any other Person in connection with a Qualified Receivables Financing, including Investments of funds held in accounts permitted or required by the arrangements governing such Qualified Receivables Financing or any related Indebtedness;

 

(18) Investments of a Restricted Subsidiary acquired after the Closing Date or of an entity merged into or amalgamated or consolidated with a Restricted Subsidiary in a transaction that is not prohibited by Section 7.03 after the Closing Date to the extent that such Investments were not made in contemplation of such acquisition, merger, amalgamation or consolidation and were in existence on the date of such acquisition, merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

 

(19) additional Investments; provided that after giving Pro Forma Effect to such Investments, (1) the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available (x) does not exceed 4.25:1.00 or (y) the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such Investment or (2) the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio would (x) be no less than 2.00 to 1.00 or (y) the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio does not decrease immediately after giving effect to such Investment;

 

(20) guarantees of Indebtedness permitted to be incurred under Section 7.01 and obligations relating to such Indebtedness and guarantees (other than guarantees of Indebtedness) in the ordinary course of business;

 

(21) advances, loans or extensions of trade credit in the ordinary course of business by the Borrowers or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

(22) Investments consisting of purchases and acquisitions of assets or services in the ordinary course of business;

 

(23) Investments in the ordinary course of business consisting of Uniform Commercial Code Article 3 endorsements for collection or deposit and Uniform Commercial Code Article 4 customary trade arrangements with customers;

 

(24) intercompany current liabilities owed to Unrestricted Subsidiaries or joint ventures Incurred in the ordinary course of business in connection with the cash management operations of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries;

 

(25) Investments in joint ventures of Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their Restricted Subsidiaries in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (25) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed the greater of (x) $12,500,000 and (y) 20% of Consolidated EBITDA (minus any such unused amounts that were used to make Restricted Payments pursuant to Section 7.05(11)); provided that the Investments permitted pursuant to this clause may be increased by the amount of JV Distributions, without duplication of dividends or distributions increasing amounts available pursuant to clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05;

 

51

 

 

(26) the Transactions;

 

(27) accounts receivable, security deposits and prepayments and other credits granted or made in the ordinary course of business and any Investments received in satisfaction or partial satisfaction thereof from financially troubled account debtors and others, including in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of, or settlement of delinquent accounts and disputes with or judgments against, such account debtors and others, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

 

(28) Investments acquired as a result of a foreclosure by Holdings, the Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary with respect to any secured Investments or other transfer of title with respect to any secured Investment in default;

 

(29) Investments resulting from pledges and deposits that are Permitted Liens;

 

(30) acquisitions of obligations of one or more officers or other employees of any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, the Borrowers or any Subsidiary of the Borrowers in connection with such officer’s or employee’s acquisition of Equity Interests of any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, so long as no cash is actually advanced by Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary to such officers or employees in connection with the acquisition of any such obligations;

 

(31) guarantees of operating leases (for the avoidance of doubt, excluding Capitalized Lease Obligations) or of other obligations that do not constitute Indebtedness, in each case, entered into by Holdings, the Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business;

 

(32) Investments consisting of the redemption, purchase, repurchase or retirement of any Equity Interests permitted by Section 7.05;

 

(33) non-cash Investments made in connection with tax planning and reorganization activities;

 

(34) Investments made pursuant to obligations entered into when the Investment would have been permitted hereunder so long as such Investment when made reduces the amount available under the clause under which the Investment would have been permitted;

 

(35) Investments made in the ordinary course of business in connection with obtaining, maintaining or renewing client and customer contracts and loans or advances made to, and guarantees with respect to obligations of, distributors, suppliers, licensors and licensees in the ordinary course of business;

 

(36) Investments in Unrestricted Subsidiaries having an aggregate Fair Market Value, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (36) that are at the time outstanding, without giving effect to the sale of an Unrestricted Subsidiary to the extent the proceeds of such sale do not consist of cash, Cash Equivalents or marketable securities, not to exceed the greater of (x) $12,500,000 and (y) 20% of Consolidated EBITDA (with the Fair Market Value of each Investment being measured at the time made and without giving effect to subsequent changes in value) (minus any such unused amounts that were used to make Restricted Payments pursuant to Section 7.05(11));

 

(37) Investments in connection with Intercompany License Agreements;

 

(38) Investments utilizing the amount available under clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05 (without regard to any conditions);

 

(39) Investments in Residual Buyouts; and

 

(40) Investments in Portfolio Swaps.

 

52

 

 

Permitted Joint Venture” means, with respect to any specified Person, a joint venture in any other Person engaged in a Similar Business in respect of which Holdings, any Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary beneficially owns at least 35% of the shares of Equity Interests of such Person.

 

Permitted Liens” means, with respect to any Person:

 

(1) Liens Incurred in connection with workers’ compensation laws, unemployment insurance laws or similar legislation, or in connection with bids, tenders, contracts (other than for the payment of Indebtedness) or leases to which such Person is a party, or to secure public or statutory obligations of such Person or to secure surety, stay, customs or appeal bonds to which such Person is a party, or as security for contested taxes or import duties or for the payment of rent, in each case Incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

(2) Liens imposed by law, such as carriers’, warehousemen’s, landlords’, materialmen’s, repairman’s, construction contractors’, mechanics’ or other like Liens, in each case for sums not yet overdue by more than 30 days or being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings or other Liens arising out of judgments or awards against such Person with respect to which such Person shall then be proceeding with an appeal or other proceedings for review (or which, if due and payable, are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves are being maintained, to the extent required by GAAP) or with respect to which the failure to make payment would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(3) Liens for Taxes (i) that are not yet delinquent, (ii) that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves are being maintained to the extent required by GAAP, (iii) that are property Taxes on property such Person or one of its Subsidiaries has determined to abandon if the sole recourse for such Tax is to such property or (iv) with respect to which the failure to make payment would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(4) Liens in favor of the issuers of performance and surety bonds, bid, indemnity, warranty, release, appeal or similar bonds or with respect to regulatory requirements or letters of credit or bankers’ acceptances issued and completion of guarantees provided for, in each case, pursuant to the request of and for the account of such Person in the ordinary course of its business;

 

(5) survey exceptions, encumbrances, ground leases, easements or reservations of, or rights of others for, licenses, rights-of-way, servitudes, sewers, electric lines, drains, telegraph and telephone and cable television lines, gas and oil pipelines and other similar purposes, reservations of rights, or zoning, building codes or other restrictions (including, without limitation, minor defects or irregularities in title and similar encumbrances) as to the use of real properties or Liens incidental to the conduct of the business of such Person or to the ownership of its properties which do not in the aggregate materially adversely interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of such Person;

 

(6) Liens Incurred to secure obligations in respect of Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(a) and obligations secured ratably thereunder or 7.01(d); provided that, in the case of such clause (d), such Lien extends only to the assets and/or Capital Stock the acquisition, lease, construction, repair, replacement or improvement of which is financed thereby and any replacements, additions and accessions thereto and any income or profits thereof; provided that individual financings provided by a lender may be cross collateralized to other financings provided by such lender or its affiliates;

 

(7) Liens of the Borrowers or any of the Guarantors existing on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.02 and any modifications, replacements, renewals or extensions thereof; provided that (i) the Lien does not extend to any additional property other than (A) after-acquired property that is affixed or incorporated into the property covered by such Lien or (B) proceeds and products thereof; provided that individual financings provided by a lender may be cross collateralized to other financings provided by such lender or its affiliates and (ii) the modification, replacement, renewal, extension or refinancing of the obligations secured or benefited by such Liens (if such obligations constitute Permitted Debt) shall constitute a Permitted Refinancing;

 

53

 

 

(8) Liens on assets of, or Equity Interests (other than Equity Interests in any Subsidiary that is required to become a Guarantor pursuant to this Agreement) in, a Person at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary; provided, however, that such Liens are not created or Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such other Person becoming such a Subsidiary; provided, further, that such Liens are limited to all or a portion of the assets (and improvements on such assets) that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the Liens arose, could secure) the obligations to which such Liens relate; provided, further, that for purposes of this clause (8), if a Person becomes a Subsidiary, any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed to become a Subsidiary of Holdings, and any property or assets of such Person or any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed acquired by Holdings at the time of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

 

(9) Liens on assets at the time Holdings, the Borrowers or any Restricted Subsidiary acquired the assets, including any acquisition by means of a merger, amalgamation or consolidation with or into Holdings, the Borrowers or such Restricted Subsidiary; provided, however, that such Liens are not created or Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such acquisition; provided, further, that such Liens are limited to all or a portion of the property or assets (and improvements on such property or assets) that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the Liens arose, could secure) the obligations to which such Liens relate; provided, further, that for purposes of this clause (9), if, in connection with an acquisition by means of a merger, amalgamation or consolidation with or into Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, a Person other than Holdings, any Borrower or Restricted Subsidiary is the successor company with respect thereto, any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed to become a Subsidiary of Holdings, such Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary, as applicable, and any property or assets of such Person or any such Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed acquired by Holdings, such Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary, as the case may be, at the time of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

 

(10) receipt of progress payments and advances from customers in the ordinary course of business to the extent the same creates a Lien on the related inventory and proceeds thereof;

 

(11) Liens securing Swap Contracts Incurred in accordance with Section 7.01;

 

(12) Liens on specific items of inventory or other goods and proceeds of any Person securing such Person’s obligations in respect of bankers’ acceptances or letters of credit entered into in the ordinary course of business issued or created for the account of such Person to facilitate the purchase, shipment or storage of such inventory or other goods;

 

(13) leases, subleases, licenses, sublicenses, occupancy agreements or assignments of or in respect of real or personal property;

 

(14) Liens arising from, or from Uniform Commercial Code financing statement filings regarding, operating leases or consignments entered into by the Borrowers and the Guarantors in the ordinary course of business;

 

(15) Liens in favor of any Borrower or any Guarantor;

 

(16) (i) Liens on Receivables Assets and related assets sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred in connection with a Qualified Receivables Factoring and/or Qualified Receivables Financing and (ii) Liens securing Indebtedness or other obligations of any Receivables Subsidiary;

 

(17) deposits made or other security provided in the ordinary course of business to secure liability to insurance carriers or under self-insurance arrangements in respect of such obligations;

 

54

 

 

(18) Liens on the Capital Stock of Unrestricted Subsidiaries;

 

(19) Non-exclusive and exclusive (in the ordinary course of business) grants of, and licenses of, non-material intellectual property, software and other technology licenses;

 

(20) judgment and attachment Liens not giving rise to an Event of Default pursuant to Section 8.01(f), (g) or (h) and notices of lis pendens and associated rights related to litigation being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves have been made;

 

(21) Liens arising out of conditional sale, title retention, consignment or similar arrangements for the sale of goods entered into in the ordinary course of business;

 

(22) Liens incurred to secure Cash Management Services and other “bank products” (including those described in Sections 7.01(j) and (w));

 

(23) Liens to secure any refinancing, refunding, extension, renewal or replacement (or successive refinancings, refundings, extensions, renewals or replacements) as a whole, or in part, of any Indebtedness secured by any Lien referred to in the foregoing clauses (7), (8), (9) or (11), or succeeding clauses (24) or (25) of this definition; provided, however, that (x) such new Lien shall be limited to all or part of the same property that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the original Lien arose, could secure) the original Lien (plus any replacements, additions, accessions and improvements on such property), (y) the Indebtedness secured by such Lien at such time is not increased to any amount greater than the sum of (A) the outstanding principal amount or, if greater, committed amount of the Indebtedness described under clause (7), (8), (9), (11), (24) or (25) of this definition at the time the original Lien became a Permitted Lien, and (B) an amount necessary to pay any fees and expenses, including unpaid accrued interest and the aggregate amount of premiums (including tender premiums), and underwriting discounts, defeasance costs and fees and expenses in connection therewith, related to such refinancing, refunding, extension, renewal or replacement and (z)(A) any amounts Incurred under this clause (23) as a refinancing indebtedness of clause (24) of this definition hereunder shall be secured to the same extent, including with respect to any subordination provisions, and subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements and (B) any amounts Incurred under this clause (23) as a refinancing indebtedness of clause (25) of this definition hereunder shall reduce the amount available under such clause (25);

 

(24) Liens securing Indebtedness or other obligations permitted to be Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01 or securing obligations that do not constitute Indebtedness if at the time of any Incurrence of such Indebtedness or other obligations and after giving pro forma effect thereto (i) for any such Indebtedness that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio would not exceed (x) 4.25 to 1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, (ii) for any such Indebtedness or other obligations that is secured by the Collateral on a “junior” basis to the Liens securing the Obligations, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio would not exceed (x) 5.00 to 1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment or (iii) for any such Indebtedness or other obligations that is secured on assets not constituting the Collateral, (1) the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio would not (x) exceed 5.75 to 1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio does not increase immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment or (2) the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio would (x) be no less than 2.00 to 1.00 or (y) if incurred in connection with a permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment, the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio does not decrease immediately after giving effect to such permitted acquisition or other permitted Investment; provided that (x) such Indebtedness or other obligations shall be secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations or on a “junior” basis to the Liens securing the Obligations (in each case pursuant to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements) or on assets not constituting Collateral, (y) solely for purposes of this clause (24), any Indebtedness secured pursuant to clause (i) of this clause (24) shall be deemed to constitute Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness and (z) solely for purposes of this clause (24), any Indebtedness secured pursuant to clause (ii) of this clause (24) shall be deemed to constitute Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness;

 

55

 

 

(25) other Liens (which Liens, if constituting consensual liens secured by the Collateral, shall rank pari passu or junior to the Liens securing the Obligations or be of the type described in clause (6) of this definition) securing obligations the principal amount of which does not exceed the greater of (x) $24,500,000 and (y) 40% of Consolidated EBITDA at any one time outstanding (after giving effect to clause (23) above as applicable) (provided that any usage of clause (ii) of the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility to incur secured Indebtedness shall reduce the amount available under this clause (25));

 

(26) Liens on the Equity Interests or assets of a joint venture to secure Indebtedness of such joint venture Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(u);

 

(27) Liens on equipment of any Borrower or any Guarantor granted in the ordinary course of business to such Borrower’s or such Guarantor’s client at which such equipment is located;

 

(28) [reserved];

 

(29) Liens on property or assets used to redeem, repay, defease or to satisfy and discharge Indebtedness; provided that such redemption, repayment, defeasance or satisfaction and discharge is not prohibited by this Agreement and that such deposit shall be deemed for purposes of Section 7.05 (to the extent applicable) to be a prepayment of such Indebtedness;

 

(30) Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law to secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation and exportation of goods in the ordinary course of business;

 

(31) Liens (i) of a collection bank arising under Section 4-210 of the Uniform Commercial Code, or any comparable or successor provision, on items in the course of collection; (ii) attaching to pooling, commodity trading accounts or other commodity brokerage accounts Incurred in the ordinary course of business; and (iii) in favor of banking or other financial institutions or entities, or electronic payment service providers, arising as a matter of law encumbering deposits (including the right of setoff) and which are within the general parameters customary in the banking or finance industry;

 

(32) Liens that are contractual rights of set-off (i) relating to the establishment of depository relations with banks or other Persons not given in connection with the issuance of Indebtedness; (ii) relating to pooled deposit or sweep accounts of any Borrower or any Guarantor to permit satisfaction of overdraft or similar obligations Incurred in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers and the Guarantors; or (iii) relating to purchase orders and other agreements entered into with customers of any Borrower or any Guarantor in the ordinary course of business;

 

(33) any encumbrance or restriction (including put and call arrangements) with respect to Equity Interests of any joint venture or similar arrangement pursuant to any joint venture or similar agreement;

 

(34) Liens on insurance policies and the proceeds thereof securing the financing of the premiums with respect thereto;

 

(35) Liens on vehicles or equipment of any Borrower or any Guarantor granted in the ordinary course of business;

 

(36) Liens on assets of Non-Loan Parties securing Indebtedness of Non-Loan Parties permitted by Section 7.01 or obligations of Non-Loan Parties that do not constitute Indebtedness;

 

(37) [reserved];

 

56

 

 

(38) Liens arising solely by virtue of any statutory or common law provision or customary business provision relating to banker’s liens, rights of setoff or similar rights;

 

(39) (a) Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in connection with any letter of intent or other agreement in respect of any Permitted Investment and (b) Liens on advances of cash or Cash Equivalents in favor of the seller of any property to be acquired in a Permitted Investment to be applied against the purchase price for such Investment;

 

(40) the prior rights of consignees and their lenders under consignment arrangements entered into in the ordinary course of business;

 

(41) Liens on securities that are the subject of repurchase agreements constituting Cash Equivalents under clause (4) of the definition thereof;

 

(42) Liens encumbering reasonable customary initial deposits and margin deposits and similar Liens attaching to commodity trading accounts or other brokerage accounts Incurred in the ordinary course of business and not for speculative purposes;

 

(43) rights reserved or vested in any Person by the terms of any lease, license, franchise, grant or permit held by Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their respective Restricted Subsidiaries or by a statutory provision, to terminate any such lease, license, franchise, grant or permit, or to require annual or periodic payments as a condition to the continuance thereof;

 

(44) restrictive covenants affecting the use to which real property may be put; provided that such covenants are complied with;

 

(45) security given to a public utility or any municipality or governmental authority when required by such utility or authority in connection with the operations of that Person in the ordinary course of business;

 

(46) zoning by-laws and other land use restrictions, including, without limitation, site plan agreements, development agreements and contract zoning agreements;

 

(47) Liens securing obligations issued or incurred under (i) any Refinancing Notes and the Refinancing Notes Indentures related thereto, and (ii) any New Incremental Debt and the New Incremental Debt Indentures related thereto and, in each case, any Permitted Refinancings thereof (or successive Permitted Refinancings thereof); provided that such Liens on property constituting Collateral are subject to customary Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements;

 

(48) Liens on Escrowed Proceeds for the benefit of the related holders of debt securities or other Indebtedness (or the underwriters for arrangers thereof) or on cash set aside at the time of the incurrence of any Indebtedness or government securities purchased with such cash in either case to the extent such cash or government securities prefund the payment of interest on such Indebtedness and are held in an escrow account or similar arrangement to be applied for such purpose;

 

(49) Liens in favor of Holdings or a Loan Party arising in connection with Intercompany License Agreements; and

 

(50) Liens securing not more than 50% of Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(r), which liens may be secured on a pari passu or junior basis to the Liens securing the Obligations or may be secured by Liens on non-Collateral.

 

57

 

 

For purposes of determining compliance with this definition, (x) a Lien need not be Incurred solely by reference to one category of Permitted Liens described in this definition but may be Incurred under any combination of such categories (including in part under one such category and in part under any other such category), (y) in the event that a Lien (or any portion thereof) meets the criteria of one or more of such categories of Permitted Liens, the Parent Borrower shall, in its sole discretion, classify or reclassify such Lien (or any portion thereof) in any manner that complies with this definition, and (z) in the event that a portion of the Indebtedness secured by a Lien could be classified as secured in part pursuant to clause (6) or (24) above (giving effect to the Incurrence of such portion of such Indebtedness), the Parent Borrower, in its sole discretion, may classify such portion of such Indebtedness (and any obligations in respect thereof) as having been secured pursuant to clause (6) or (24) above prior to giving effect to any other Indebtedness Incurred at substantially the same time and thereafter the remainder of the Indebtedness as having been secured pursuant to one or more of the other clauses of this definition.

 

Permitted Other Debt Conditions” means that such applicable Indebtedness (unless Incurred under the Inside Maturity Date Exception) does not mature or have scheduled amortization payments of principal and is not subject to mandatory redemption, repurchase, prepayment or sinking fund obligations (except (x) customary offers or obligations to repurchase, repay or redeem upon a change of control, asset sale, casualty or condemnation event or initial public offering, (y) maturity payments and customary mandatory prepayments for a customary bridge financing which, subject to customary conditions, provides for automatic conversion or exchange into Indebtedness that otherwise complies with the requirements of this definition or (z) “AHYDO” payments), in each case prior to the Latest Maturity Date at the time such Indebtedness is incurred.

 

Permitted Parent” means (a) any direct or indirect parent of Holdings so long as a Permitted Holder pursuant to clause (a), (b) or (c) of the definition thereof holds 50% or more of the Voting Stock of such direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, (b) Holdings, so long as it is a Permitted Holder pursuant to clause (a), (b) or (c) of the definition thereof, and (c) any Public Company (or Wholly Owned Subsidiary of such Public Company) to the extent and until such time as any Person or group (other than a Permitted Holder under clause (a), (b) or (c) of the definition thereof) is deemed to be or become a beneficial owner of Voting Stock of such Public Company representing more than 50% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of such Public Company.

 

Permitted Refinancing” means, with respect to any Person, any modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension of any Indebtedness of such Person; provided that (a) the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) thereof does not exceed the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of the Indebtedness so modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended except by an amount equal to accrued and unpaid interest and a reasonable premium thereon plus other reasonable amounts paid, and fees and expenses reasonably incurred (including original issue discount and upfront fees), in connection with such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension and by an amount equal to any existing commitments unutilized thereunder; (b) other than with respect to Indebtedness under Section 7.01(d) or Incurred pursuant to the Inside Maturity Date Exception, such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension has a final maturity date equal to or later than the final maturity date of, and has a Weighted Average Life to Maturity equal to or greater than the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of, the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended; (c) if the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms, taken as a whole, as favorable in all material respects to the Lenders (including, if applicable, as to Collateral) as those contained in the documentation governing the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended or otherwise acceptable to the Administrative Agent; (d) if the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended is (i) unsecured, such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is unsecured unless such Indebtedness can be secured by any Permitted Lien at such time, or (ii) if secured by Liens on the Collateral, such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension is secured to the same extent, including with respect to any subordination provisions, and subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements unless such Indebtedness can be secured by any Permitted Lien at such time; (e) the terms and conditions (including, if applicable, as to collateral) of any such modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended (other than to the extent permitted by any other clause of this definition or with respect to interest rate, optional prepayment premiums and optional redemption provisions) Indebtedness are, either (i) substantially identical to or not materially more favorable to the investors providing such Permitted Refinancing, taken as a whole, than the terms and conditions of the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended, (ii) when taken as a whole (other than interest rate, prepayment premiums and redemption premiums), not more restrictive to Holdings and the Restricted Subsidiaries than those set forth in this Agreement or are customary for similar indebtedness in light of current market conditions (provided that a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower delivered to the Administrative Agent in good faith at least five Business Days prior to the incurrence of such Indebtedness, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such Indebtedness or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the requirement set out in this clause (e), shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy such requirement) or (iii) otherwise satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, in each case, except for terms and conditions only applicable to periods after the Latest Maturity Date; and (f) such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is incurred by the Person who is or would have been permitted to be the obligor or guarantor (or any successor thereto) on the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced or extended (it being understood that the roles of such obligors as a borrower or a guarantor with respect to such obligations may be interchanged).

 

58

 

 

Permitted Transferee” means (a) in the case of the Sponsor, (i) any managing director, general partner, limited partner, director, officer or employee of the Sponsor (each, a “Sponsor Associate”), (ii) the heirs, executors, administrators, testamentary trustees, legatees or beneficiaries of any Sponsor Associate and (iii) any trust, the beneficiaries of which, or a corporation or partnership, the stockholders or partners of which, include only a Sponsor Associate, his or her spouse or former spouse, parents, siblings, members of his or her immediate family (including adopted children and step-children) and/or direct lineal descendants; and (b) in the case of any other Permitted Holder, (i) his or her executor, administrator, testamentary trustee, legatee or beneficiaries, (ii) his or her spouse or former spouse, parents, siblings, members of his or her immediate family (including adopted children and step-children) and/or direct lineal descendants or (iii) a trust, the beneficiaries of which, or a corporation or partnership, the stockholders or partners of which, include only a Permitted Holders and his or her spouse or former spouse, parents, siblings, members of his or her immediate family (including adopted children) and/or direct lineal descendants.

 

Person” means any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority, unincorporated organization or other entity.

 

Plan” means any “employee benefit plan” (other than a Multiemployer Plan) within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA that is maintained or is contributed to by a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate and is subject to Title IV of ERISA or the Pension Funding Rules.

 

Platform” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.

 

Pledged Debt” means “Pledged Debt” as defined in the Security Agreement.

 

Pledged Interests” means “Pledged Interests” as defined in the Security Agreement.

 

Portfolio Swaps” means the direct or indirect acquisition of one or more Merchant Portfolios or other groupings of owned merchant contracts from any Person in exchange for one or more Merchant Portfolios or groupings of owned merchant contracts of Holdings or any of its Restricted Subsidiary; provided that the consideration for any such Portfolio Swap may include cash or other assets not constituting Merchant Portfolios.

 

Pounds Sterling” and “£” means freely transferable lawful money of the United Kingdom (expressed in Pounds Sterling).

 

Preferred Stock” means any Equity Interest with preferential right of payment of dividends or upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

 

Prepayment Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

 

Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Prepayment Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

 

59

 

 

Primary Disqualified Institution” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Disqualified Institution.”

 

Prime Rate” means the rate of interest announced or determined from time to time by the Administrative Agent, or the highest per annum interest rate published by the Federal Reserve Board in Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15 (519) (Selected Interest Rates) as the “bank prime loan” rate or, if such rate is no longer quoted therein, any similar rate quoted therein (as determined by the Administrative Agent) or any similar release by the Federal Reserve Board (as determined by the Administrative Agent). Each change in the Prime Rate shall be effective from and including the date such change is publicly announced or quoted as being effective.

 

Pro Forma Basis,” “Pro Forma Compliance” and “Pro Forma Effect” mean, with respect to the calculation of any test, financial ratio, basket or covenant under this Agreement, including the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio and the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio and the calculation of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets, or Consolidated EBITDA of any Person and its Subsidiaries, as of any date, that pro forma effect will be given to the Transactions, any acquisition, merger, amalgamation, consolidation, capital expenditure, Investment or other Specified Transaction, any issuance, Incurrence, assumption or repayment or redemption of Indebtedness (including Indebtedness issued, Incurred or assumed or repaid or redeemed as a result of, or to finance, any relevant transaction and for which any such test, financial ratio, basket or covenant is being calculated), any issuance or redemption of Preferred Stock or Disqualified Stock, all sales, transfers and other dispositions or discontinuance of any Subsidiary, line of business, division, segment or operating unit, any operational change (including the entry into any arrangement) or any designation of a Restricted Subsidiary to an Unrestricted Subsidiary or of an Unrestricted Subsidiary to a Restricted Subsidiary, in each case that have occurred during the four consecutive fiscal quarter period of such Person being used to calculate such test, financial ratio, basket or covenant (the “Reference Period”), or subsequent to the end of the Reference Period but prior to such date or prior to or substantially simultaneously with the event for which a determination under this definition is made (including any such event occurring at a Person who became a Restricted Subsidiary of the subject Person or was merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into the subject Person or any other Restricted Subsidiary of the subject Person after the commencement of the Reference Period), as if each such event occurred on the first day of the Reference Period; provided that (x) pro forma effect will be given to reasonably identifiable and quantifiable pro forma cost savings or expense reductions related to operational efficiencies (including the entry into any material contract or arrangement), strategic initiatives or purchasing improvements and other cost savings, improvements or synergies, in each case, that have been realized, or are reasonably expected to be realized, by such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries based upon actions expected to be taken within 36 months after the consummation of the action as if such cost savings, expense reductions, improvements and synergies occurred (or were realized) on the first day of the Reference Period and (y) no amount shall be added back pursuant to this definition to the extent duplicative of amounts that are otherwise included in computing Consolidated EBITDA for such Reference Period.

 

For purposes of making any computation referred to above:

 

(1) if any Indebtedness bears a floating rate of interest and is being given pro forma effect, the interest on such Indebtedness shall be calculated as if the rate in effect on the date for which a determination under this definition is made had been the applicable rate for the entire period (taking into account any Swap Contracts applicable to such Indebtedness if such Swap Contracts has a remaining term in excess of 12 months);

 

(2) interest on a Capitalized Lease Obligation shall be deemed to accrue at an interest rate reasonably determined by a responsible financial or accounting officer, in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, of the Borrowers or a direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers to be the rate of interest implicit in such Capitalized Lease Obligation in accordance with GAAP;

 

(3) interest on Indebtedness that may optionally be determined at an interest rate based upon a factor of a prime or similar rate, a eurocurrency interbank offered rate, or other rate, shall be deemed to have been based upon the rate actually chosen, or, if none, then based upon such optional rate chosen as the Parent Borrower may designate;

 

60

 

 

(4) interest on any Indebtedness under a revolving credit facility or a Qualified Receivables Financing computed on a pro forma basis shall be computed based upon the average daily balance of such Indebtedness during the applicable period; and

 

(5) to the extent not already covered above, any such calculation may include adjustments calculated in accordance with Regulation S-X under the Securities Act.

 

Any pro forma calculation may include, without limitation, (1) adjustments calculated in accordance with Regulation S-X under the Securities Act and (2) adjustments calculated to give effect to any Pro Forma Cost Savings, to the extent such adjustments, without duplication, continue to be applicable to the Reference Period; provided that any such adjustments that consist of reductions in costs and other operating improvements or synergies shall be calculated in accordance with, and satisfy the requirements specified in, the definition of “Pro Forma Cost Savings.”

 

Pro Forma Cost Savings” means, without duplication of any amounts referenced in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis,” an amount equal to the amount of cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements (including the entry into any material contract or arrangement and optimization actions) and synergies, in each case, projected in good faith to be realized (calculated on a pro forma basis as though such items had been realized on the first day of such period) as a result of actions taken or expected to be taken by Holdings, any Borrower (or any successor thereto) or any Restricted Subsidiary, net of the amount of actual benefits realized or expected to be realized during such period that are otherwise included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA from such actions; provided that such cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies are reasonably identifiable (as determined in good faith by a responsible financial or accounting officer, in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, of the Parent Borrower (or any successor thereto) or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower) and are reasonably anticipated to result from actions taken or expected to be taken within 36 months after the date of which the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA is made; provided, further, that no cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies shall be added pursuant to this definition to the extent duplicative of any expenses or charges otherwise added to Consolidated Net Income or Consolidated EBITDA, whether through a pro forma adjustment, add back, exclusion or otherwise, for such period.

 

Pro Rata Share” means, with respect to each Lender and any Facility or all the Facilities or any Tranche or all the Tranches (as the case may be) at any time, a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place, and subject to adjustment as provided in Section 2.17), the numerator of which is the amount of the Commitments of such Lender under the applicable Facility or the Facilities or Tranche or Tranches (and, in the case of any Term Loan Tranche after the applicable borrowing date and without duplication, the outstanding principal amount of Term Loans under such Tranche, of such Lender, at such time) at such time and the denominator of which is the amount of the Aggregate Commitments under the applicable Facility or the Facilities or Tranche or Tranches at such time (and, in the case of any Term Loan Tranche and without duplication, the outstanding principal amount of Term Loans under such Tranche, at such time); provided that if the commitment of each Lender to make Loans and the obligation of each L/C Issuer to make L/C Credit Extensions have been terminated pursuant to Section 8.02, then the Pro Rata Share of each Lender shall be determined based on the Pro Rata Share of such Lender immediately prior to such termination and after giving effect to any subsequent assignments made pursuant to the terms hereof. The initial Pro Rata Share of each Lender is set forth opposite the name of such Lender on Schedule 2.01 or in the Assignment and Assumption pursuant to which such Lender became a party hereto, as applicable.

 

PTE” means a prohibited transaction class exemption issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, as any such exemption may be amended from time to time.

 

Public Company” means any Person with a class or series of Voting Stock that is traded on a stock exchange or in the over-the-counter market.

 

Public Company Costs” means, as to any Person, costs relating to compliance with the provisions of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act (or similar regulations applicable in other listing jurisdictions), as applicable to companies with equity securities held by the public, costs associated with, or in anticipation of, or preparation for, compliance with the requirements of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (or similar non-U.S. regulations) and the rules and regulations promulgated in connection therewith (or similar regulations applicable in other listing jurisdictions), the rules of national securities exchange companies with listed equity, directors’ compensation, fees and expense reimbursement, costs relating to enhanced accounting functions and investor relations, shareholder meetings and reports to shareholders, directors’ and officers’ insurance and other executive costs, legal and other professional fees, and listing fees.

 

61

 

 

Public Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.

 

QFC Credit Support” has the meaning specified in Section 10.26.

 

Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of Holdings (A) that is not subject to any Guarantee by any Subsidiary of Holdings (other than a Subsidiary as contemplated under clause (i) of the proviso in Section 7.09 of this Agreement), (B) that has no scheduled amortization or scheduled payments of principal and is not subject to mandatory redemption, repurchase, prepayment or sinking fund obligation (it being understood that such Indebtedness may have mandatory prepayment, repurchase or redemption provisions satisfying the requirements of clause (C) below), (C) that has mandatory prepayment, repurchase or redemption, covenant, default and remedy provisions customary for senior notes (or no more restrictive than is customary) of an issuer that is the parent of a borrower under senior secured credit facilities, and in any event, with respect to covenant, default and remedy provisions, no more restrictive (taken as a whole) than those set forth in this Agreement (other than provisions customary for senior notes of a holding company, including (x) customary assets sale, change of control provisions and customary acceleration rights after an event of default and (y) customary “AHYDO” payments) and (D) if such Indebtedness is secured, it shall only be secured by assets of any Parent Holding Company (other than Holdings) and any Subsidiary of Holdings that is not prohibited from guaranteeing such Indebtedness as provided in clause (A) of this definition; provided that Holdings shall have delivered a certificate of a Responsible Officer to the Administrative Agent at least five Business Days (or such shorter period as may be agreed by the Administrative Agent) prior to the incurrence of such Indebtedness, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such Indebtedness or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that Holdings has reasonably determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the foregoing requirement (and such certificate shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy the foregoing requirement); provided, further, that any such Indebtedness shall constitute Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness only if immediately after giving effect to the issuance or incurrence thereof and the use of proceeds thereof, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

 

Qualified Receivables Factoring” means any Factoring Transaction that meets the following conditions:

 

(1) such Factoring Transaction is non-recourse to, and does not obligate, Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, or their respective properties or assets (other than Receivables Assets) in any way other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings,

 

(2) all sales, conveyances, assignments and/or contributions of Receivables Assets by Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary are made at Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower), and

 

(3) such Factoring Transaction (including financing terms, covenants, termination events (if any) and other provisions thereof) is on market terms at the time such Factoring Transaction is first entered into (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) and may include Standard Securitization Undertakings.

 

The grant of a security interest in any accounts receivable of Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their Restricted Subsidiaries (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) to secure this Agreement shall not be deemed a Qualified Receivables Factoring.

 

Qualified Receivables Financing” means any Receivables Financing that meets the following conditions:

 

(1) the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company shall have determined in good faith that such Qualified Receivables Financing (including financing terms, covenants, termination events and other provisions) is in the aggregate economically fair and reasonable to the Borrowers and their Restricted Subsidiaries,

 

62

 

 

(2) all sales, conveyances, assignments and/or contributions of Receivables Assets by Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary to any Receivables Subsidiary and by any Receivables Subsidiary to any other Person are made at Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower), and

 

(3) the financing terms, covenants, termination events and other provisions thereof shall be market terms at the time such Receivables Financing is first entered into (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) and may include Standard Securitization Undertakings.

 

The grant of a security interest in any accounts receivable of the Borrowers or any of their Restricted Subsidiaries (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) to secure this Agreement shall not be deemed a Qualified Receivables Financing.

 

Qualifying Bids” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Ratio-Based Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Ratio Debt” has the meaning specified in the first paragraph of Section 7.01.

 

Receivables Assets” means accounts receivable (whether now existing or arising in the future) of Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries, and any assets related thereto including, without limitation, all collateral securing such accounts receivable, all contracts and all guarantees or other obligations in respect of such accounts receivable, proceeds of such accounts receivable and other assets which are customarily transferred or in respect of which security interests are customarily granted in connection with non-recourse, asset securitization or factoring transactions involving accounts receivable and any Swap Contracts entered into by Holdings, any Borrower or any such Subsidiary in connection with such accounts receivable.

 

Receivables Fees” means distributions or payments made directly or by means of discounts with respect to any participation interest issued or sold in connection with, and other fees paid to a Person that is not a Restricted Subsidiary in connection with, any Receivables Financing.

 

Receivables Financing” means any transaction or series of transactions that may be entered into by Holdings, any Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary pursuant to which Holdings, such Borrower or any such Restricted Subsidiary may sell, contribute, convey, assign or otherwise transfer Receivables Assets to (a) a Receivables Subsidiary (in the case of a transfer by Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries), and (b) any other Person (in the case of a transfer by a Receivables Subsidiary), which in either case, may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets so sold, contributed, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred.

 

Receivables Repurchase Obligation” means any obligation of a seller of receivables in a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing to repurchase receivables arising as a result of a breach of a representation, warranty or covenant or otherwise, including as a result of a receivable or portion thereof becoming subject to any asserted defense, dispute, off-set or counterclaim of any kind as a result of any action taken by, any failure to take action by or any other event relating to the seller, in each case, that are customary (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) for non-recourse receivables financings.

 

Receivables Subsidiary” means a Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary of Holdings (or another Person formed for the purposes of engaging in a Qualified Receivables Financing with Holdings in which Holdings or any Subsidiary of Holdings or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings makes an Investment and to which Holdings or any Subsidiary of Holdings or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings sells, conveys, assigns or otherwise transfers Receivables Assets (which may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred), but excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, the Borrowers) which engages in no activities other than in connection with the purchase, acquisition or financing of Receivables Assets of Holdings and its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings, all proceeds thereof and all rights (contractual or other), collateral and other assets relating thereto, and any business or activities incidental or related to such business, and which is designated by the Board of Directors of Holdings or any Parent Holding Company (as provided below) as a Receivables Subsidiary and:

 

63

 

 

(1) no portion of the Indebtedness or any other obligations (contingent or otherwise) of which (i) is guaranteed by Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary, excluding guarantees of obligations (other than the principal of, and interest on, Indebtedness) pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings), (ii) is recourse to or obligates Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) in any way other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings, or (iii) subjects any property or asset of Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary), directly or indirectly, contingently or otherwise, to the satisfaction thereof, other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings,

 

(2) with which neither Holdings nor any Restricted Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) has any material contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding other than on terms which Holdings reasonably believes to be no less favorable to Holdings or such Subsidiary than those that might be obtained at the time from Persons that are not Affiliates of Holdings, and

 

(3) to which neither Holdings nor any other Subsidiary of Holdings has any obligation to maintain or preserve such entity’s financial condition or cause such entity to achieve certain levels of operating results.

 

Any such designation by the Board of Directors of Holdings or any Parent Holding Company shall be evidenced to the Administrative Agent by filing with the Administrative Agent a certified copy of the resolution of the Board of Directors of Holdings or such Parent Holding Company giving effect to such designation and an officer’s certificate certifying that such designation complied with the foregoing conditions.

 

Recipient” means the Administrative Agent, any Lender and any L/C Issuer.

 

Reference Period” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis.”

 

Refinancing” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Transactions.”

 

Refinancing Amendment” means an amendment to this Agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, among the Borrowers, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders providing Specified Refinancing Debt, effecting the incurrence of such Specified Refinancing Debt in accordance with Section 2.18.

 

Refinancing Indebtedness” has the meaning specified in Section 7.01.

 

Refinancing Notes” means one or more series of senior unsecured notes, or senior secured notes secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations or senior secured notes secured by the Collateral on a “junior” basis to the Liens securing the Obligations, in each case issued in respect of a refinancing of outstanding Indebtedness of the Borrowers under any one or more Term Loan Tranches; provided that, (a) if such Refinancing Notes shall be secured, then (i) such Refinancing Notes shall only be secured by a security interest in the Collateral that secured the Term Loan Tranche being refinanced, and (ii) such Refinancing Notes shall be issued subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements; (b) other than Refinancing Notes incurred under the Inside Maturity Date Exception, no Refinancing Notes shall (i) mature prior to the Latest Maturity Date with respect to Term Loans then in effect immediately after giving effect to such refinancing or (ii) be subject to any amortization prior to the final maturity thereof, or be subject to any mandatory redemption or prepayment provisions or rights (except (x) customary assets sale, casualty events or similar event, change of control provisions, special mandatory redemptions in connection with customary escrow arrangements and customary acceleration rights after an event of default and (y) customary “AHYDO” payments); (c) such Refinancing Notes may not have obligors or Liens that are more extensive than those which applied to the Indebtedness being refinanced (it being understood that the roles of such obligors as a borrower or a guarantor with respect to such obligations may be interchanged); and (d) the Net Cash Proceeds of such Refinancing Notes shall be applied, substantially concurrently with the incurrence thereof, to the pro rata prepayment of outstanding Term Loans under the applicable Term Loan Tranche being so refinanced and the payment of fees, expenses and premiums, if any, payable in connection therewith.

 

64

 

 

Refinancing Notes Indentures” means, collectively, the indentures or other similar agreements pursuant to which any Refinancing Notes are issued, together with all instruments and other agreements in connection therewith, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, but only to the extent permitted under the terms of the Loan Documents.

 

Refunding Capital Stock” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

 

Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(c).

 

Regulated Entity” means (a) any swap dealer registered with the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission or security-based swap dealer registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as applicable; or (b) any commercial bank with a consolidated combined capital and surplus of at least $5,000,000,000 that is (i) a U.S. depository institution the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; (ii) a corporation organized under section 25A of the U.S. Federal Reserve Act of 1913; (iii) a branch, agency or commercial lending company of a foreign bank operating pursuant to approval by and under the supervision of the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under 12 C.F.R. part 211; (iv) a non-U.S. branch of a foreign bank managed and controlled by a U.S. branch referred to in clause (iii); or (v) any other U.S. or non-U.S. depository institution or any branch, agency or similar office thereof supervised by a bank regulatory authority in any jurisdiction.

 

Regulation S-X” means Regulation S-X under the Securities Act.

 

Related Business Assets” means assets (other than cash or Cash Equivalents) used or useful in a Similar Business; provided that any assets received by Holdings, the Borrowers or a Restricted Subsidiary in exchange for assets transferred by Holdings, the Borrowers or a Restricted Subsidiary will not be deemed to be Related Business Assets if they consist of securities of a Person, unless such Person is, or upon receipt of the securities of such Person, such Person would become, a Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the partners, members, directors, managers, officers, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact, trustees and advisors of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.

 

Release” means any release, spill, emission, leaking, dumping, injection, pouring, deposit, disposal, discharge, dispersal, migration or leaching of Hazardous Materials into or through the Environment.

 

Relevant Governmental Body” means the Federal Reserve Board and/or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the Federal Reserve Board and/or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or any successor thereto.

 

Relevant Transaction” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(b)(ii).

 

Replaceable Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 3.08(a).

 

Replacement Assets” means (1) substantially all the assets of a Person primarily engaged in a Similar Business or (2) a majority of the Voting Stock of any Person primarily engaged in a Similar Business that will become, on the date of acquisition thereof, a Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Reply Amount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

65

 

 

Reply Discount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Reportable Event” means any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA or the regulations issued thereunder, other than events for which the 30-day notice period has been waived.

 

Repricing Event” means (i) any prepayment or repayment of the Initial Term Loans, in whole or in part, with the proceeds of, or conversion of any portion of the Initial Term Loans into, any new or replacement tranche of syndicated term loans under credit facilities incurred for the primary purpose of repaying, refinancing, or replacing Initial Term Loans with loans bearing interest with an All-in Yield less than the All-in Yield applicable to such portion of the Initial Term Loans (as such comparative yields are determined in the reasonable judgment of the Administrative Agent consistent with generally accepted financial practices) and (ii) any amendment to the Initial Term Facility the primary purpose of which is to reduce the All-in Yield applicable to the Initial Term Loans, provided, that a Repricing Event shall not include any event described above that is not consummated for the primary purpose of lowering the effective interest cost or weighted average yield applicable to the Initial Term Facility, including, without limitation, in the context of a transaction involving a Change of Control, a dividend recapitalization, or a Transformative Event.

 

Request for Credit Extension” means (a) with respect to a Borrowing, conversion or continuation of Loans, a Committed Loan Notice, and (b) with respect to an L/C Credit Extension, a Letter of Credit Application.

 

Required Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Lenders having more than 50% of the sum of the (a) Total Outstandings (with the aggregate amount of each Lender’s risk participation and funded participation in L/C Obligations being deemed “held” by such Lender for purposes of this definition), (b) aggregate unused Term Commitments and (c) aggregate unused Revolving Credit Commitments; provided that the unused Term Commitments of, unused Revolving Credit Commitment of, and the portion of the Total Outstandings held or deemed held by (x) any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders and (y) any Affiliate Lenders (other than Debt Fund Affiliates) shall be deemed to have voted in the same proportion as Lenders that are not Affiliate Lenders vote on such matter; provided that, for purposes of this definition, the outstanding principal amount of Alternative Currency Loans at any time shall be determined using the Dollar Equivalent thereof at the most recent Revaluation Date.

 

Required Revolving Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Revolving Credit Lenders holding more than 50% of the sum of (a) Total Revolving Credit Outstandings (with the aggregate amount of each Revolving Credit Lender’s risk participation and funded participation in L/C Obligations being deemed “held” by such Revolving Credit Lender for purposes of this definition) and (b) aggregate unused Revolving Credit Commitments; provided that the unused Revolving Credit Commitment of, and the portion of the Total Revolving Credit Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Revolving Lenders; provided that, for purposes of this definition, the outstanding principal amount of Alternative Currency Loans at any time shall be determined using the Dollar Equivalent thereof at the most recent Revaluation Date.

 

Resolution Authority” means an EEA Resolution Authority or, with respect to any UK Financial Institution, a UK Resolution Authority.

 

Residual Buyouts” means the acquisition of the rights to receive all or a portion of any residual fees related to a Merchant Portfolio from any distribution partner of Holdings and its Subsidiaries.

 

Responsible Officer” means the chief executive officer, representative, director, manager, president, vice president, executive vice president, chief financial officer, treasurer or assistant treasurer, secretary or assistant secretary, an authorized signatory, an attorney-in-fact (to the extent empowered by the board of directors/managers of Holdings or the Parent Borrower), or other similar officer of a Loan Party. Any document delivered hereunder that is signed by a Responsible Officer of a Loan Party shall be conclusively presumed to have been authorized by all necessary corporate, partnership and/or other action on the part of such Loan Party and such Responsible Officer shall be conclusively presumed to have acted on behalf of such Loan Party.

 

66

 

 

Restricted Investment” means an Investment other than a Permitted Investment. If any Investment (or a portion thereof) would be permitted at any time, whether at the time of declaration or payment, purchase, redemption, defeasance or other acquisition or retirement, or at the time of the making thereof, or subsequently at a later time, pursuant to one or more of the exceptions contained in the definition of “Permitted Investments,” the Parent Borrower may divide, classify and/or reclassify such Investment (or a portion thereof) in any manner that complies with this definition and may later divide, classify and/or reclassify any such Investment so long as the Investment (as so divided, classified and/or reclassified) would be permitted to be made in reliance on the applicable exception as of the date of such reclassification.

 

Restricted Payment” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

 

Restricted Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of Holdings or any Borrower that is not an Unrestricted Subsidiary. For the avoidance of doubt, each Borrower is a Restricted Subsidiary of Holdings.

 

Retained Asset Sale Proceeds” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(b)(ii).

 

Retained Excess Cash Flow Amount” means, at any date of determination, an amount, no less than zero for any fiscal year and determined on a cumulative basis, that is equal to the aggregate cumulative sum of Excess Cash Flow that is not required to be applied to make a payment under Section 2.05(b)(i) for each completed fiscal year commencing with the first full fiscal year after the Closing Date.

 

Retired Capital Stock” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

 

Return Bid” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

 

Revaluation Date” means (a) with respect to any Alternative Currency Loan, each of the following: (i) each date of a Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing of a Revolving Credit Loan denominated in an Alternative Currency, (ii) each date of a continuation of a Eurocurrency Rate Revolving Credit Loan denominated in an Alternative Currency pursuant to Section 2.02, and (iii) such additional dates as the Administrative Agent shall determine or the Majority Lenders under the Revolving Credit Facility shall require; and (b) with respect to any Letter of Credit denominated in an Alternative Currency, each of the following: (i) each date of issuance of any such Letter of Credit, (ii) each date of an amendment of any such Letter of Credit having the effect of increasing the amount thereof, (iii) each date of any payment by the L/C Issuer under any such Letter of Credit, and (iv) such additional dates as the Administrative Agent or the L/C Issuer shall determine or the Majority Lenders under the Revolving Credit Facility shall require.

 

Revolving Commitment Increase Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(e).

 

Revolving Credit Borrowing” means a borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility consisting of simultaneous Revolving Credit Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Revolving Credit Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(b).

 

Revolving Credit Commitments” means, as to any Revolving Credit Lender, its obligation to (a) make Revolving Credit Loans to the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.01(b), and (b) purchase participations in L/C Obligations, in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the amount set forth under the heading “Revolving Credit Commitment” opposite such Lender’s name on Schedule 2.01, or in the Assignment and Assumption pursuant to which such Lender became a party hereto, as applicable, as the same may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement. The aggregate Revolving Credit Commitments shall be $45,000,000 on the Closing Date, as such amount may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.

 

Revolving Credit Commitment Increase” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Revolving Credit Facility” means, at any time, the aggregate amount of the Revolving Credit Lenders’ Revolving Credit Commitments at such time.

 

67

 

 

Revolving Credit Lender” means, at any time, any Lender that has a Revolving Credit Commitment at such time (and after the termination of all Revolving Credit Commitments, any Lender that holds any Outstanding Amount in respect of Revolving Credit Loans and/or L/C Obligations).

 

Revolving Credit Loan” has the meaning specified in Section 2.01(b).

 

Revolving Credit Note” means a promissory note of the Borrowers payable to any Revolving Credit Lender or its registered assigns, in substantially the form of Exhibit C-2 hereto, evidencing the aggregate indebtedness of the Borrowers to such Revolving Credit Lender resulting from the Revolving Credit Loans made by such Revolving Credit Lender.

 

Revolving Tranche” means (a) the Revolving Credit Facility and (b) any Specified Refinancing Debt constituting revolving credit facility commitments, in each case, including the extensions of credit made thereunder. Additional Revolving Tranches may be added after the Closing Date as provided in Section 2.14, i.e., New Revolving Commitments.

 

Sale/Leaseback Transaction” means an arrangement relating to real property now owned or hereafter acquired by Holdings, any Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary whereby Holdings, any Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary transfers such property to a Person and Holdings, such Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary leases it from such Person, other than leases between Holdings, a Borrower and a Restricted Subsidiary or between Restricted Subsidiaries.

 

Sanctions Laws and Regulations” means economic or financial sanctions or trade embargoes imposed, administered or enforced from time to time by (a) the U.S. government, including those administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) or the U.S. Department of State, or (b) the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, any European Union member state or Her Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom or any other governmental authority with jurisdiction over Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries.

 

S&P” means Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC, and any successor thereto.

 

Screen Rate” means, for any day and time, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing in Dollars and for any Interest Period, the London interbank offered rate as administered by ICE Benchmark Administration (or any other Person that takes over the administration of such rate for the relevant currency) for a period equal in length to such Interest Period as displayed on such day and time on pages LIBOR01 or LIBOR02 of the Reuters screen that displays such rate (or, in the event such rate does not appear on a Reuters page or screen, on any successor or substitute page on such screen that displays such rate, or on the appropriate page of such other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion); provided that if the Screen Rate as so determined would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to zero for the purposes of this Agreement.

 

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

 

Secured Cash Management Agreement” means any Cash Management Agreement that is entered into by and between any Loan Party and any Cash Management Bank, except for any such Cash Management Agreement designated by the Parent Borrower in writing to the Administrative Agent and the relevant Cash Management Bank or Hedge Bank, as applicable, as an “unsecured cash management agreement” as of the Closing Date or, if later, on or about the time of entering into such Cash Management Agreement.

 

Secured Hedge Agreement” means any Swap Contract permitted under Article VII that is entered into by and between any Loan Party and any Hedge Bank, except for any such Swap Contract designated by the Parent Borrower and the applicable Hedge Bank in writing to the Administrative Agent as an “unsecured hedge agreement” as of the Closing Date or, if later, as of the time of entering into such Swap Contract.

 

68

 

 

Secured Obligations” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Secured Parties” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Lenders (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the L/C Issuers), the Hedge Banks to the extent they are party to one or more Secured Hedge Agreements, the Cash Management Banks to the extent they are party to one or more Secured Cash Management Agreements and each co-agent or subagent appointed by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent from time to time pursuant to Article IX.

 

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder.

 

Security Agreement” means, collectively, the Security Agreement dated as of the date hereof executed by the Loan Parties party thereto, substantially in the form of Exhibit G, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, together with each other security agreement and security agreement supplement executed and delivered pursuant to Section 6.12, 6.14 or 6.16.

 

Security Agreement Supplement” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Similar Business” means any business engaged or proposed to be engaged in by Holdings and its Subsidiaries on the Closing Date and any business or other activities that are similar, ancillary, complementary, incidental or related thereto, or an extension, development or expansion of, the businesses in which Holdings and its Subsidiaries are engaged on the Closing Date.

 

SOFR” with respect to any day means the secured overnight financing rate published for such day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as the administrator of the benchmark, (or a successor administrator) on the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Website.

 

SOFR-Based Rate” means SOFR, Daily Simple SOFR, Daily Compounded SOFR or Term SOFR.

 

Solvent” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, that on such date (a) the fair value of the assets on a going concern basis of such Person is greater than the total amount of liabilities, including contingent liabilities, on a going concern basis, of such Person, (b) the present fair salable value of the assets on a going concern basis of such Person is greater than or equal to the total amount that will be required to pay the probable liabilities, including contingent liabilities, on a going concern basis, of the Loan Parties as they become absolute and matured, (c) the capital of such Person is not unreasonably small in relation to its business as contemplated on such date of determination, (d) such Person has not and does not intend to, and does not believe that it will, incur debts or other obligations, including current obligations, beyond its ability to pay such debts and liabilities as they become due (whether at maturity or otherwise) and (e) such Person is “solvent” within the meaning given to that term and similar terms under Laws applicable to such Person relating to fraudulent transfers and conveyances, transactions at an undervalue, unfair preferences or equivalent concepts. The amount of contingent liabilities at any time shall be computed as the amount that, in the light of all the facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability or, if a different methodology is prescribed by applicable Laws, as prescribed by such Laws.

 

SPC” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(g).

 

Specified Refinancing Agent” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

Specified Refinancing Debt” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

Specified Refinancing Revolving Credit Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans” means Specified Refinancing Debt constituting revolving loans.

 

Specified Refinancing Term Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

69

 

 

Specified Refinancing Term Loans” means Specified Refinancing Debt constituting term loans.

 

Specified Transaction” means any incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness (excluding Indebtedness incurred for working capital purposes) or Investment that results in a Person becoming a Subsidiary, any designation of a Subsidiary as a Restricted Subsidiary or an Unrestricted Subsidiary, any acquisition (including Residual Buyouts, Portfolio Swaps and Merchant Portfolio Acquisitions) or any Disposition that results in a Restricted Subsidiary ceasing to be a Subsidiary of Holdings, any Investment constituting an acquisition of assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of another Person or any Disposition of a business unit, line of business or division of Holdings or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries, in each case whether by merger, consolidation, amalgamation or otherwise or any material restructuring of Holdings or any Restricted Subsidiaries or implementation of any initiative not in the ordinary course of business.

 

Sponsor” means GTCR LLC or any of its Control Investment Affiliates and, in each case (whether individually or as a group), Affiliates of each of the foregoing (but excluding any operating portfolio companies of the foregoing).

 

Sponsor Model” means the model delivered to the Arrangers on May 20, 2021 (together with any updates or modifications thereto reasonably agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Arrangers).

 

Standard Securitization Undertakings” means representations, warranties, covenants, indemnities and guarantees of performance entered into by Holdings, any Borrower or any Subsidiary of a Borrower which the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith to be customary in a Factoring Transaction or Receivables Financing, including, without limitation, those relating to the servicing of the assets of a Receivables Subsidiary, it being understood that any Receivables Repurchase Obligation shall be deemed to be a Standard Securitization Undertaking.

 

Stated Maturity” means with respect to any security, the date specified in such security as the fixed date on which the final payment of principal of such security is due and payable, including pursuant to any mandatory redemption provision (but excluding any provision providing for the repurchase of such security at the option of the holder thereof upon the happening of any contingency unless such contingency has occurred).

 

Statutory Reserve Rate” means a fraction (expressed as a decimal), the numerator of which is the number one and the denominator of which is the number one minus the aggregate of the maximum reserve percentages (including any marginal, special, emergency or supplemental reserves) expressed as a decimal established by the FRB to which the Administrative Agent is subject with respect to the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, for Eurocurrency funding (currently referred to as “Eurocurrency Liabilities” in Regulation D of the FRB). Such reserve percentages shall include those imposed pursuant to such Regulation D. Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be deemed to constitute Eurocurrency funding and to be subject to such reserve requirements without benefit of or credit for proration, exemptions or offsets that may be available from time to time to any Lender under such Regulation D or any comparable regulation. The Statutory Reserve Rate shall be adjusted automatically on and as of the effective date of any change in any reserve percentage.

 

Subject Lien” has the meaning specified in Section 7.02.

 

Subordinated Indebtedness” means (a) with respect to any Borrower, any Indebtedness of such Borrower which is by its terms expressly subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, and (b) with respect to any Guarantor, any Indebtedness of such Guarantor which is by its terms expressly subordinated in right of payment to its Guarantee of the Obligations.

 

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person (1) any corporation, association or other business entity (other than a partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity) of which more than 50% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock is at the time of determination owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person or a combination thereof, (2) any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity of which (x) more than 50% of the capital accounts, distribution rights, total equity and voting interests or general and limited partnership interests, as applicable, are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person or a combination thereof, whether in the form of membership, general, special or limited partnership interests or otherwise, and (y) such Person or any Restricted Subsidiary of such Person is a controlling general partner or otherwise controls such entity and (3) any Person that is consolidated in the consolidated financial statements of the specified Person in accordance with GAAP, other than a parent entity of the specified Person. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to a “Subsidiary” or to “Subsidiaries” shall refer to a Subsidiary or Subsidiaries of Holdings.

 

70

 

 

Subsidiary Borrower” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Borrowers.”

 

Subsidiary Guarantor” means, collectively, all Guarantors other than Holdings.

 

Subsidiary Guaranty” means, collectively, the Subsidiary Guaranty made by the Subsidiary Guarantors in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties, substantially in the form of Exhibit F-2, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, together with each other guaranty and guaranty supplement delivered pursuant to Section 6.12 or 6.16.

 

Subsidiary Redesignation” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Unrestricted Subsidiary”.

 

Supplemental Agent” has the meaning specified in Section 9.14(a).

 

Supported QFC” has the meaning specified in Section 10.26.

 

Swap Contract” means (a) any and all rate swap transactions, basis swaps, credit derivative transactions, forward rate transactions, commodity swaps, commodity options, forward commodity contracts, equity or equity index swaps or options, bond or bond price or bond index swaps or options or forward bond or forward bond price or forward bond index transactions, interest rate options, forward foreign exchange transactions, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar transactions, currency swap transactions, cross-currency rate swap transactions, currency options, spot contracts, or any other similar transactions or any combination of any of the foregoing (including any options to enter into any of the foregoing), whether or not any such transaction is governed by or subject to any master agreement, and (b) any and all transactions of any kind, and the related confirmations, which are subject to the terms and conditions of, or governed by, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement, including any obligations or liabilities under any such master agreement.

 

Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Guarantor, any obligation to pay or perform under any agreement, contract or transaction that constitutes a “swap” within the meaning of section 1a(47) of the Commodity Exchange Act.

 

Swap Termination Value” means, in respect of any one or more Swap Contracts, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement relating to such Swap Contracts, (a) for any date on or after the date such Swap Contracts have been closed out and termination value(s) determined in accordance therewith, such termination value(s), and (b) for any date prior to the date referenced in clause (a), the amount(s) determined as the mark-to-market value(s) for such Swap Contracts, as determined based upon one or more mid-market or other readily available quotations provided by any recognized dealer in such Swap Contracts (which may include a Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender).

 

Tax Distributions” means distributions described in Section 7.05(13).

 

Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

 

Term Borrowing” means a borrowing of the same Type of Term Loan of a single Tranche from all the Lenders having Term Commitments or Term Loans of the respective Tranche on a given date (or resulting from a conversion or conversions on such date) having in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the same Interest Period.

 

71

 

 

Term Commitment” means, as to each Term Lender, (i) its Initial Term Commitment, (ii) its Term Commitment Increase, (iii) its New Term Commitment or (iv) its Specified Refinancing Term Commitment. The amount of each Lender’s Initial Term Commitment is as set forth in the definition thereof and the amount of each Lender’s other Term Commitments shall be as set forth in the Assignment and Assumption, or in the amendment or agreement relating to the respective Term Commitment Increase, New Term Commitment or Specified Refinancing Term Commitment pursuant to which such Lender shall have assumed its Term Commitment, as the case may be, as such amounts may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement.

 

Term Commitment Increase” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

 

Term Facility” means a facility in respect of any Term Loan Tranche, as the context may require.

 

Term Lender” means (a) at any time on or prior to the Closing Date, any Lender that has an Initial Term Commitment at such time and (b) at any time after the Closing Date, any Lender that holds Term Loans and/or Term Commitments at such time.

 

Term Loan” means an advance made by any Term Lender under any Term Facility.

 

Term Loan Tranche” means the respective facility and commitments utilized in making Term Loans hereunder, with there being one Tranche on the Closing Date, i.e., Initial Term Loans and Initial Term Commitments. Additional Term Loan Tranches may be added after the Closing Date pursuant to the terms hereof, i.e., New Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Term Loans, New Term Commitments and Specified Refinancing Term Commitments.

 

Term Note” means a promissory note of the Borrowers payable to any Term Lender or its registered assigns, in substantially the form of Exhibit C-1 hereto, evidencing the indebtedness of the Borrowers to such Term Lender resulting from the Term Loans under the same Term Loan Tranche made or held by such Term Lender.

 

Term SOFR” means the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body.

 

Threshold Amount” means the greater of (x) $27,500,000 and (y) 45% of Consolidated EBITDA.

 

Total Outstandings” means the aggregate Outstanding Amount of all Loans and all L/C Obligations.

 

Total Revolving Credit Outstandings” means the aggregate Outstanding Amount of all Revolving Credit Loans and L/C Obligations.

 

Tranche” means any Term Loan Tranche or any Revolving Tranche.

 

Transactions” means, collectively, each of the following transactions:

 

(a) the Borrowers obtaining the Facilities;

 

(b) the repayment, redemption, repurchase, defeasance, discharge, refinancing, rollover or termination (or the giving of notice for the repayment or redemption thereof to the extent accompanied by any prepayments or deposits required to defease, terminate and satisfy and discharge in full the obligations under any related indentures or notes) of all existing third party Indebtedness for borrowed money of Holdings and its Subsidiaries under the Existing Credit Agreement and the termination and release of all related guaranties and security interests (or making arrangements for such release that are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent) (the “Refinancing”); and

 

(c) the payment of all fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the transactions described in the foregoing provisions of this definition (the “Transaction Costs”).

 

Transaction Agreement Date” has the meaning specified in Section 1.02.

 

72

 

 

Transaction Costs” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Transactions.”

 

Transformative Event” means any merger, acquisition, investment, dissolution, liquidation, consolidation or disposition that is either (a) not permitted by the terms of the Loan Documents immediately prior to the consummation of such transaction or (b) if permitted by the terms of the Loan Documents immediately prior to the consummation of such transaction, would not provide Holdings, the Borrowers and their Restricted Subsidiaries with adequate flexibility under the Loan Documents for the continuation and/or expansion of their combined operations following such consummation, as reasonably determined by the Parent Borrower acting in good faith.

 

Type” means, with respect to a Loan, its character as a Base Rate Loan or a Eurocurrency Rate Loan.

 

UK Financial Institution” means any BRRD Undertaking (as such term is defined under the PRA Rulebook (as amended form time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Prudential Regulation Authority) or any person falling within IFPRU 11.6 of the FCA Handbook (as amended from time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, which includes certain credit institutions and investment firms, and certain affiliates of such credit institutions or investment firms.

 

UK Resolution Authority” means the Bank of England or any other public administrative authority having responsibility for the resolution of any UK Financial Institution.

 

Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement” means the Benchmark Replacement excluding the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.

 

Undisclosed Administration” means in relation to a Lender or its direct or indirect parent company the appointment of an administrator, provisional liquidator, conservator, receiver, trustee, custodian or other similar official by a supervisory authority or regulator under or based on the law in the country where such Person is subject to home jurisdiction supervision if applicable law requires that such appointment is not to be publicly disclosed.

 

Unrestricted Lender” means any Regulated Entity, any Revolving Credit Lender as of the Closing Date, any Arranger or any of its Affiliates.

 

Unfunded Advances/Participations” means (a) with respect to the Administrative Agent, the aggregate amount, if any (i) made available to the Borrowers on the assumption that each Lender has made available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of the applicable Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent as contemplated by Section 2.12(b) and (ii) with respect to which a corresponding amount shall not in fact have been returned to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower or made available to the Administrative Agent by any such Lender, and (b) with respect to any L/C Issuer, the aggregate amount, if any, of amounts drawn under Letters of Credit in respect of which a Revolving Credit Lender shall have failed to make Revolving Credit Loans or L/C Advances to reimburse such L/C Issuer pursuant to Section 2.03(d).

 

Unfunded Pension Liability” means the excess of a Plan’s benefit liabilities under Section 4001(a)(16) of ERISA over the current value of such Plan’s assets, determined in accordance with assumptions used for funding the Plan pursuant to Section 412 of the Code for the applicable plan year.

 

Uniform Commercial Code” or “UCC” means the Uniform Commercial Code as the same may from time to time be in effect in the State of New York or the Uniform Commercial Code (or similar code or statute) of another jurisdiction, to the extent it may be required to apply to any item or items of Collateral.

 

United States” and “U.S.” mean the United States of America.

 

Unpaid Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

 

Unreimbursed Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 2.03(d)(i).

 

Unrestricted Subsidiary” means:

 

73

 

 

(1) any Subsidiary of a Borrower Party that at the time of determination shall be designated an Unrestricted Subsidiary by the Board of Directors of such Borrower Party in the manner provided below; and

 

(2) any Subsidiary of an Unrestricted Subsidiary.

 

The Board of Directors of any Borrower Party or any Parent Holding Company may designate any Subsidiary of such Borrower Party (including any existing Subsidiary and any newly acquired or newly formed Subsidiary of such Borrower Party) to be an Unrestricted Subsidiary unless such Subsidiary or any of its Subsidiaries owns any Capital Stock of, a Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary of a Borrower that is not a Subsidiary of the Subsidiary to be so designated at the time of such designation; provided, however, that immediately after giving effect to such designation no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

 

The Board of Directors of any Borrower Party or any Parent Holding Company may designate any Unrestricted Subsidiary to be a Restricted Subsidiary (a “Subsidiary Redesignation”); provided, however, that immediately after giving effect to such designation, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing. Any Indebtedness of such Subsidiary and any Liens encumbering its assets at the time of such designation shall be deemed newly incurred or established, as applicable, at such time.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this definition, (1) except as part of a bona fide Disposition of a business unit or line of business in compliance with Article VII hereof to a Person that is not an Affiliate of the Loan Parties or to an Affiliate for Fair Market Value, (a) no Material Intellectual Property may be transferred by a Loan Party or its Restricted Subsidiaries to an Unrestricted Subsidiary, whether by Subsidiary Redesignation, Investment, Disposition or otherwise, except as an Asset Sale in compliance with Sections 6.18 and 7.04 and (b) no Subsidiary may be designated as an Unrestricted Subsidiary if it holds Material Intellectual Property at the time of such designation and (2) no Loan Party or their respective Restricted Subsidiaries may make an Investment of Material Intellectual Property in an Unrestricted Subsidiary.

 

U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code.

 

U.S. Special Resolution Regimes” has the meaning specified in Section 10.26.

 

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 3.01(g)(ii).

 

Voting Stock” of any Person as of any date means the Capital Stock of such Person that is at the time entitled to vote (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) in the election of the Board of Directors of such Person. When referring to a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or FSHCO, the term Voting Stock shall have the meaning provided in Treasury Regulation Section 1.956-2(c)(2).

 

Weighted Average Life to Maturity” means, when applied to any Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, at any date, the number of years (and/or portion thereof) obtained by dividing: (a) the sum of the products obtained by multiplying (i) the amount of each then remaining installment, sinking fund, serial maturity or other required payments of principal, including payment at final maturity, in respect of such Indebtedness or redemption or similar payment, in respect of such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, by (ii) the number of years (calculated to the nearest one-twelfth) that will elapse between such date and the making of such payment; by (b) the then outstanding principal amount of such Indebtedness.

 

Wholly Owned Restricted Subsidiary” means any Wholly Owned Subsidiary that is a Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Wholly Owned Subsidiary” of any Person means a direct or indirect Subsidiary of such Person 100% of the outstanding Capital Stock or other ownership interests of which (other than directors’ qualifying shares or shares or interests required to be held by foreign nationals or other third parties to the extent required by applicable law) shall at the time be owned by such Person or by one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of such Person.

 

74

 

 

Withholding Agent” shall mean any Loan Party, the Administrative Agent and any other applicable withholding agent.

 

Working Capital” means, with respect to Holdings, the Borrowers and the Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, Consolidated Current Assets minus Consolidated Current Liabilities.

 

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means (a) with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that person or any other person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.

 

Section 1.02 Other Interpretive Provisions. With reference to this Agreement and each other Loan Document, unless otherwise specified herein or in such other Loan Document:

 

(a) The meanings of defined terms are equally applicable to the singular and plural forms of the defined terms.

 

(b) The words “herein,” “hereto,” “hereof” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in any Loan Document shall refer to such Loan Document as a whole and not to any particular provision thereof.

 

(c) References in this Agreement to an Exhibit, Schedule, Article, Section, clause or subclause refer (A) to the appropriate Exhibit or Schedule to, or Article, Section, clause or subclause in this Agreement or (B) to the extent such references are not present in this Agreement, to the Loan Document in which such reference appears.

 

(d) The term “including” is by way of example and not limitation.

 

(e) The term “documents” includes any and all instruments, documents, agreements, certificates, notices, reports, financial statements and other writings, however evidenced, whether in physical or electronic form.

 

(f) Any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns.

 

(g) In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including;” the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding;” and the word “through” means “to and including.”

 

(h) Section headings herein and in the other Loan Documents are included for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

 

(i) In measuring compliance with this Agreement with respect to any (x) Investment or acquisition and (y) repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness or Restricted Payment with respect to which an irrevocable notice of repayment (or similar irrevocable notice), which may be conditional, has been delivered, in each case for purposes of determining:

 

(1) whether any Indebtedness (including Acquired Indebtedness) that is being incurred in connection with such Investment, acquisition, Restricted Payment or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred in compliance with Section 7.01;

 

75

 

 

(2) whether any Lien being incurred in connection with such Investment, acquisition, Restricted Payment or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness or to secure any such Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred in accordance with Section 7.02 or the definition of “Permitted Liens”;

 

(3) whether any other transaction undertaken or proposed to be undertaken in connection with such Investment, Restricted Payment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness complies with the covenants or agreements contained in this Agreement, requires accuracy of any representations and warranties, or requires that no Default or Event of Default has occurred; and

 

(4) any calculation of the ratios or baskets, including Cash Interest Coverage Ratio, Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Net Income, Consolidated EBITDA and/or Pro Forma Cost Savings and baskets determined by reference to Consolidated EBITDA or Consolidated Net Tangible Assets and, whether a Default or Event of Default exists in connection with the foregoing,

 

at the option of the Parent Borrower, the date that the definitive agreement for such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is entered into or notice, which may be conditional, of such repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is given to the holders of such Indebtedness or, at the election of the Parent Borrower, any date thereafter (the “Transaction Agreement Date”), may be used as the applicable date of determination, as the case may be, in each case with such pro forma adjustments as are appropriate and consistent with the pro forma adjustment provisions set forth in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis” or “Consolidated EBITDA.” For the avoidance of doubt, if the Parent Borrower elects to use the Transaction Agreement Date as the applicable date of determination in accordance with the foregoing, (a) any fluctuation or change in the Cash Interest Coverage Ratio, Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Net Income, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Net Tangible Assets and/or Pro Forma Cost Savings of the Borrowers from the Transaction Agreement Date to the consummation of such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, will not be taken into account for purposes of determining whether any Indebtedness or Lien that is being incurred in connection with such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, or in connection with compliance by Holdings or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries with any other provision of the Loan Documents or any other transaction undertaken in connection with such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, is permitted to be incurred and (b) until such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is consummated or such definitive agreements are terminated (or conditions in any conditional notice can no longer be met or such notice is otherwise revoked or withdrawn by the Parent Borrower), such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness and all transactions proposed to be undertaken in connection therewith (including the incurrence of Indebtedness and Liens) will be given pro forma effect when determining compliance of other transactions (including the incurrence of Indebtedness and Liens unrelated to such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness) that are consummated after the Transaction Agreement Date and on or prior to the consummation of such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness and any such transactions (including any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) will be deemed to have occurred on the date the definitive agreements are entered and outstanding thereafter for purposes of calculating any baskets or ratios under the Loan Documents after the date of such agreement and before the consummation of such Restricted Payment, Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness.

 

76

 

 

(j) As used in herein, the term “Consolidated EBITDA” is deemed to refer to Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), as applicable, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

 

(k) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any classification under GAAP of any Person, business, assets or operations in respect of which a definitive agreement for the disposition thereof has been entered into as discontinued operations, no pro forma effect shall be given to any discontinued operations (and the Consolidated EBITDA attributable to any such Person, business, assets or operations shall not be excluded for any purposes hereunder) until such disposition shall have been consummated.

 

(l) Any reference herein to a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, consolidation, assignment, sale, disposition or transfer, or similar term, shall be deemed to apply to a division of or by a limited liability company, or an allocation of assets to a series of a limited liability company (or the unwinding of such a division or allocation), as if it were a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, consolidation, assignment, sale or transfer, or similar term, as applicable, to, of or with a separate Person. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, (i) any division of a limited liability company shall constitute a separate Person hereunder, shall be subject to Section 6.12, and each resulting division of any limited liability company that, prior to such division, is a Subsidiary, Restricted Subsidiary, Unrestricted Subsidiary, a Borrower, a Guarantor, a joint venture or any other like term shall remain a Subsidiary, Restricted Subsidiary, Unrestricted Subsidiary, a Borrower, a Guarantor, a joint venture, or other like term, respectively, after giving effect to such division, and any resulting divisions of such Persons shall remain subject to the same restrictions applicable to the pre-division predecessor of such divisions, and (ii) any resulting divisions of Holdings shall remain subject to the same restrictions applicable to Holdings under this Agreement.

 

(m) All references to “in the ordinary course of business” of Holdings or any Subsidiary thereof means (i) in the ordinary course of business of, or in furtherance of an objective that is in the ordinary course of business of Holdings or such Subsidiary, as applicable, (ii) customary and usual in the industry or industries of Holdings and its Subsidiaries in the United States or any other jurisdiction in which Holdings or any Subsidiary does business, as applicable, or (iii) generally consistent with the past or current practice of Holdings or such Subsidiary, as applicable, or any similarly situated businesses of the United States or any other jurisdiction in which Holdings or any Subsidiary does business, as applicable.

 

(n) For purpose of determining compliance with the provisions under this Agreement with respect to the Incremental Amount and Section 7.01, (A) the Borrowers shall be deemed to have used amounts under the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility, if any, prior to utilization of amounts under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility, and the Borrowers shall be deemed to have incurred amounts under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (to the extent compliant therewith) prior to utilization of the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility and the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility, (B) Indebtedness incurred pursuant to Section 7.01 may be incurred under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (to the extent compliant therewith), incurred using amounts available under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility and incurred using amounts available under the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility, and proceeds from any such incurrence may be utilized in a single transaction by first calculating the incurrence under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (without inclusion of any amounts substantially concurrently utilized pursuant to the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility or the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility) and then calculating the incurrence under the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility and/or the incurrence under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility, (C) the Borrowers may redesignate all or any portion of Indebtedness originally designated as incurred under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility and/or the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility as having been incurred under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility so long as, at the time of such redesignation, the Borrowers would be permitted to incur the aggregate principal amount of Indebtedness being so redesignated as incurred under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall have the effect of increasing the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility or the Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility, as applicable, by the amount of such redesignated Indebtedness); provided, that such Indebtedness shall be automatically redesignated to the extent that, at the end of any fiscal quarter, such redesignation would be permitted under this clause (C), and (D) solely for the purpose of calculating the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio or the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio to determine the amount under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility that can be incurred at the time of incurrence, any cash proceeds incurred pursuant to Section 7.01 being incurred at such test date in calculating such Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio or Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio shall be excluded from cash netting (it being understood that to the extent such proceeds are to be used to repay Indebtedness, the Borrowers shall be permitted to give Pro Forma Effect to such repayment).

 

77

 

 

Section 1.03 Accounting Terms.

 

(a) All accounting terms not specifically or completely defined herein shall be construed in conformity with, and all financial data (including financial ratios and other financial calculations) required to be submitted pursuant to this Agreement shall be prepared in conformity with, GAAP, as in effect from time to time.

 

(b) If at any time any change in GAAP or the application thereof would affect the computation or interpretation of any financial ratio, basket, requirement or other provision set forth in any Loan Document, and either the Parent Borrower or the Required Lenders shall so request, the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower shall negotiate in good faith to amend such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision to preserve the original intent thereof in light of such change in GAAP or the application thereof (subject to the approval of the Required Lenders not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed) (provided that any change affecting the computation of the ratio set forth in Section 7.08 shall be subject solely to the approval of the Required Revolving Lenders (not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed) and the Parent Borrower); provided that, until so amended, (i) (A) such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision shall continue to be computed or interpreted in accordance with GAAP or the application thereof prior to such change therein and (B) the Parent Borrower shall provide to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders a written reconciliation in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, between calculations of such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision made before and after giving effect to such change in GAAP or the application thereof or (ii) the Parent Borrower may elect to fix GAAP (for purposes of such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision) as of another later date notified in writing to the Administrative Agent from time to time.

 

(c) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, all such financial statements shall be prepared, and all financial covenants contained herein or in any other Loan Document shall be calculated, in each case, without giving effect to (i) any election under FASB ASC 825 (or any similar accounting principle) permitting a Person to value its financial liabilities at the fair value thereof or (ii) ASC 842, in each case, until such time as Parent Borrower elects otherwise.

 

Section 1.04 Rounding. Any financial ratios required to be maintained by Holdings or satisfied in order for a specific action to be permitted, under this Agreement shall be calculated by dividing the appropriate component by the other component, carrying the result to one place more than the number of places by which such ratio is expressed herein and rounding the result up or down to the nearest number (with a rounding-up if there is no nearest number).

 

Section 1.05 References to Agreements and Laws. Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, (a) references to Organization Documents, agreements (including the Loan Documents) and other contractual instruments shall be deemed to include all subsequent amendments, restatements, extensions, supplements and other modifications thereto, but only to the extent that such amendments, restatements, extensions, supplements and other modifications are permitted by any Loan Document and (b) references to any Law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing, supplementing or interpreting such Law.

 

Section 1.06 Times of Day. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to times of day shall be references to Eastern time (daylight savings or standard, as applicable).

 

Section 1.07 Timing of Payment or Performance. When the payment of any obligation or the performance of any covenant, duty or obligation is stated to be due or performance required on a day which is not a Business Day, the date of such payment (other than as specifically provided in Section 2.12 or as described in the definition of Interest Period) or performance shall extend to the immediately succeeding Business Day.

 

78

 

 

Section 1.08 Currency Equivalents Generally.

 

(a) Any amount specified in this Agreement (other than in Articles II, IX and X or as set forth in clause (b) of this Section 1.08) or any of the other Loan Documents to be in Dollars shall also include the equivalent of such amount in any currency other than Dollars, such equivalent amount to be determined at the rate of exchange quoted by the Reuters World Currency Page for such other currency at 11:00 a.m. (London time) on such day (or, in the event such rate does not appear on any Reuters World Currency Page, by reference to such other publicly available service for displaying exchange rates as may be agreed upon by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower, or, in the absence of such agreement, such rate shall instead be the arithmetic average of the spot rates of exchange of the Administrative Agent in the market where its foreign currency exchange operations in respect of such currency are then being conducted, at or about 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on such date for the purchase of Dollars for delivery two Business Days later); provided that if any basket is exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations in applicable currency exchange rates after the last time such basket was utilized, such basket will not be deemed to have been exceeded solely as a result of such fluctuations in currency exchange rates. Any determinations as to the Dollar Equivalent of Revolving Credit Loans or Letters of Credit denominated in an Alternative Currency, the amount of fees owing in respect of Letters of Credit denominated in an Alternative Currency and the amount of the Unreimbursed Amount owing to each L/C Issuer shall be made by the Administrative Agent as of the most recent Revaluation Date and such determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

 

(b) For purposes of determining the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, amounts denominated in a currency other than Dollars will be converted to Dollars for the purposes of (A) testing the Financial Covenant, at the Dollar Equivalent at such date, and (B) calculating any Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio (other than for the purposes of determining compliance with Section 7.08) and Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, at the Dollar Equivalent at such date, and will, in the case of Indebtedness and Consolidated Funded Indebtedness, be the weighted average exchange rates used for determining Consolidated EBITDA for the relevant period, provided that if any Borrower Party has entered into any currency Swap Contracts in respect of any borrowings, the currency and amount of such borrowings shall be determined by first taking into account the effects of that currency Swap Contract.

 

(c) The Administrative Agent or any L/C Issuer, as applicable, shall use the currency exchange rate as of each Revaluation Date for the purpose of calculating Dollar Equivalent amounts of the Revolving Credit Loans denominated in an Alternative Currency. Such currency exchange rates shall become effective as of such Revaluation Date and shall be the currency exchange rate employed in converting any amounts between the applicable currencies for such purposes until the next Revaluation Date to occur.

 

Section 1.09 Benchmark Conforming Changes. The Administrative Agent does not warrant, nor accept responsibility, nor shall the Administrative Agent have any liability with respect to (i) Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes, (ii) the administration, submission or any other matter relating to the rates in the definition of Benchmark or with respect to any rate that is an alternative, comparable or successor rate thereto or (iii) the effect of any of the foregoing.

 

Section 1.10 Letter of Credit Amounts. Unless otherwise specified herein, the amount of a Letter of Credit at any time shall be deemed to be the Dollar Equivalent of the stated amount of such Letter of Credit in effect at such time after giving effect to any expiration periods applicable thereto; provided, however, that (i) if any presentation of drawing documents shall have been made on or prior to the expiration date of such Letter of Credit and the applicable L/C Issuer shall not yet have honored such drawing or given notice of dishonor, the amount of such Letter of Credit that is the subject of such drawing shall be treated as still outstanding and (ii) with respect to any Letter of Credit that, by its terms or the terms of any Issuer Document related thereto, provides for one or more automatic increases in the stated amount thereof, the amount of such Letter of Credit shall be deemed to be the Dollar Equivalent of the maximum stated amount of such Letter of Credit after giving effect to all such increases, whether or not such maximum stated amount is in effect at such time.

 

79

 

 

Section 1.11 Pro Forma Calculations. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein (subject to Section 1.02(i)), the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Cash Interest Coverage Ratio, Consolidated EBITDA and Consolidated Net Tangible Assets shall be calculated (including for purposes of Sections 2.14 and 2.15) on a Pro Forma Basis with respect to each Specified Transaction occurring during the applicable four quarter period to which such calculation relates, and/or subsequent to the end of such four-quarter period but not later than the date of such calculation; provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, when calculating the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio for purposes of determining (i) the Applicable Rate, (ii) the Applicable Commitment Fee and (iii) actual compliance (and not Pro Forma Compliance or compliance on a Pro Forma Basis) with the Financial Covenant, any Specified Transaction and any related adjustment contemplated in the definition of Pro Forma Basis (and corresponding provisions of the definition of Consolidated EBITDA) that occurred subsequent to the end of the applicable four quarter period shall not be given Pro Forma Effect.

 

Section 1.12 Calculation of Baskets. If any of the baskets set forth in this Agreement are exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations to Consolidated Net Tangible Assets or any currency exchange rates for the most recently completed fiscal quarter after the last time such baskets were calculated for any purpose under this Agreement, such baskets will not be deemed to have been exceeded solely as a result of such fluctuations.

 

Section 1.13 Alternative Currencies.

 

(a) The Parent Borrower may from time to time request that Eurocurrency Rate Loans be made and/or Letters of Credit be issued in an Alternative Currency. In the case of any such request with respect to the making of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, such request shall be subject to the approval of the Administrative Agent and each Revolving Credit Lender; and in the case of any such request with respect to the issuance of Letters of Credit, such request shall be subject to the approval of the Administrative Agent and the L/C Issuer.

 

(b) Any such request shall be made to the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m., twenty (20) days prior to the date of the desired Credit Extension (or such other time or date as may be agreed by the Administrative Agent and, in the case of any such request pertaining to Letters of Credit, the L/C Issuer, in its or their sole discretion). In the case of any such request pertaining to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Lender thereof; and in the case of any such request pertaining to Letters of Credit, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the applicable L/C Issuers thereof. Each Lender (in the case of any such request pertaining to Eurocurrency Rate Loans) or the L/C Issuer (in the case of a request pertaining to Letters of Credit) shall notify the Administrative Agent, not later than 11:00 a.m., ten (10) days after receipt of such request whether it consents, in its sole discretion, to the making of Eurocurrency Rate Loans or the issuance of Letters of Credit, as the case may be, in such requested currency.

 

(c) Any failure by a Lender or the L/C Issuer, as the case may be, to respond to such request within the time period specified in the preceding sentence shall be deemed to be a refusal by such Lender or the L/C Issuer, as the case may be, to permit Eurocurrency Rate Loans to be made or Letters of Credit to be issued in such requested currency. If the Administrative Agent and all the Lenders consent to making Eurocurrency Rate Loans in such requested currency and the Administrative Agent and such Lenders reasonably determine that an appropriate interest rate is available to be used for such requested currency, the Administrative Agent shall so notify the Parent Borrower and (i) the Administrative Agent and such Lenders may amend the definition of Eurocurrency Rate to the extent necessary to add the applicable Eurocurrency Rate for such currency and (ii) to the extent the definition of Eurocurrency Rate reflects the appropriate interest rate for such currency or has been amended to reflect the appropriate rate for such currency, such currency shall thereupon be deemed for all purposes to be an Alternative Currency for purposes of any Borrowings of Eurocurrency Rate Loans. If the Administrative Agent and the L/C Issuer consent to the issuance of Letters of Credit in such requested currency, the Administrative Agent shall so notify the Parent Borrower and (iii) the Administrative Agent and the L/C Issuer may amend the definition of Eurocurrency Rate to the extent necessary to add the applicable Eurocurrency Rate for such currency and (iv) to the extent the definition of Eurocurrency Rate reflects the appropriate interest rate for such currency or has been amended to reflect the appropriate rate for such currency, such currency shall thereupon be deemed for all purposes to be an Alternative Currency, for purposes of any Letter of Credit issuances. If the Administrative Agent shall fail to obtain consent to any request for an additional currency under this Section 1.13, the Administrative Agent shall promptly so notify the Parent Borrower.

 

80

 

 

ARTICLE II.
The Commitments and Credit Extensions

 

Section 2.01 The Loans.

 

(a) The Initial Term Borrowing. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Term Lender with an Initial Term Commitment severally agrees to make a single loan denominated in Dollars (the “Initial Term Loans”) to the Borrowers on the Closing Date in an amount not to exceed such Term Lender’s Initial Term Commitment. The Initial Term Borrowing shall consist of Initial Term Loans made simultaneously by the Term Lenders in accordance with their respective Initial Term Commitments. Amounts borrowed under this Section 2.01(a) and subsequently repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed (it being understood, however, that prepayments will be taken into account for purposes of any Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility to the extent provided by Section 2.14). The Initial Term Loans may be Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans as further provided herein.

 

(b) The Revolving Credit Borrowings. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Revolving Credit Lender severally agrees to make loans denominated in Dollars or in one or more Alternative Currencies (each such loan, a “Revolving Credit Loan”) to the Borrowers from time to time on and after the Closing Date, on any Business Day until and excluding the Business Day preceding the Maturity Date for the Revolving Credit Facility, in an aggregate amount not to exceed at any time outstanding the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Credit Commitment; provided, however, that after giving effect to any Revolving Credit Borrowing, (i) the Total Revolving Credit Outstandings shall not exceed the Revolving Credit Facility and (ii) the aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Revolving Credit Loans of any Lender, plus such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the Outstanding Amount of all L/C Obligations shall not exceed such Lender’s Revolving Credit Commitment. Within the limits of each Lender’s Revolving Credit Commitment, and subject to the other terms and conditions hereof, the Borrowers may borrow under this Section 2.01(b), prepay under Section 2.05, and reborrow under this Section 2.01(b). Revolving Credit Loans may be Base Rate Loans (in the case of Revolving Credit Loans denominated in Dollars) or Eurocurrency Rate Loans, as further provided herein. To the extent that any portion of the Revolving Credit Facility has been refinanced with one or more new revolving credit facilities constituting Specified Refinancing Debt, each Revolving Credit Borrowing (including any deemed Revolving Credit Borrowings made pursuant to Section 2.03) shall be allocated pro rata among the Revolving Tranches.

 

(c) After the Closing Date, subject to and upon the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Lender with a Term Commitment (other than an Initial Term Commitment) with respect to any Tranche of Term Loans (other than Initial Term Loans) severally agrees to make a Term Loan denominated in Dollars under such Tranche to the Borrowers in an amount not to exceed such Term Lender’s Term Commitment under such Tranche on the date of incurrence thereof, which Term Loans under such Tranche shall be incurred pursuant to a single drawing on the date set forth for such incurrence. Such Term Loans may be Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans as further provided herein. Once repaid, Term Loans incurred hereunder may not be reborrowed (it being understood, however, that prepayments will be taken into account for purposes of any Prepayment-Based Incremental Facility to the extent provided by Section 2.14).

 

Section 2.02 Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans.

 

(a) Each Term Borrowing, each Revolving Credit Borrowing, each conversion of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans or Revolving Credit Loans from one Type to the other, and each continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, shall be made upon irrevocable notice by the Parent Borrower to the Administrative Agent. Each such notice must be in writing and must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than (i) 12:00 p.m. (New York City time) three Business Days prior to the requested date of any Borrowing of, conversion of Base Rate Loans to, or continuation of, Eurocurrency Rate Loans (or in the case of any such Term Borrowing to be made on the Closing Date, one Business Day prior to the Closing Date), (ii) 12:00 p.m. on the requested date of any Term Borrowing of Base Rate Loans or of any conversion of Eurocurrency Rate Loans to Base Rate Loans, (iii) 12:00 p.m. four Business Days prior to the requested date of any Borrowing or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans denominated in Alternative Currencies and (iv) 10:00 a.m. on the requested date of any Revolving Credit Borrowing of Base Rate Loans or of any conversion of Eurocurrency Rate Loans to Base Rate Loan. Each notice pursuant to this Section 2.02(a) shall be delivered to the Administrative Agent in the form of a written Committed Loan Notice, appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower.

 

Each Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be (i) in a principal amount of $2,000,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount), or (ii) a whole multiple of $1,000,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount) in excess thereof. Except as provided in Section 2.03(d), each Borrowing of, or conversion to, Base Rate Loans shall be (i) in a principal amount of $500,000, or (ii) a whole multiple of $500,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount) in excess thereof.

 

81

 

 

Each Committed Loan Notice shall specify (i) whether the Borrowers are requesting a Term Borrowing, a Revolving Credit Borrowing, a conversion of a Tranche of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans or Revolving Credit Loans from one Type to the other, or a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, (ii) the requested date of the Borrowing, conversion or continuation, as the case may be (which shall be a Business Day), (iii) the principal amount of Loans to be borrowed, converted or continued, (iv) the Type of Loans to be borrowed or to which existing Tranche of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans or Revolving Credit Loans are to be converted, (v) if applicable, the duration of the Interest Period with respect thereto, and (vi) if applicable, the currency in which the Revolving Credit Loans to be borrowed are to be denominated. If, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the Parent Borrower (x) fails to specify a Type of Loan in a Committed Loan Notice or if the Parent Borrower fails to give a timely notice requesting a conversion or continuation of Loans denominated in an Alternative Currency, then the applicable Tranche of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans, or Revolving Credit Loans shall be made as, or converted to Eurocurrency Rate Loans with an Interest Period of 1 month and (y) fails to give a timely notice requesting a conversion or continuation of Loans denominated in Dollars, then the applicable Tranche of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans, or Revolving Credit Loans shall be made as, or converted to, Base Rate Loans. Any such automatic conversion or continuation pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence shall be effective as of the last day of the Interest Period then in effect with respect to the applicable Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans. If the Parent Borrower requests a Borrowing of, conversion to, or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans in any such Committed Loan Notice, but fails to specify an Interest Period, it will be deemed to have specified an Interest Period of one month. If no currency for a Borrowing of Revolving Credit Loans is specified, the requested Borrowing shall be in Dollars. Except as provided pursuant to Section 2.12(a) and 3.03, no Loan may be converted into or continued as a Loan denominated in a different currency, but instead must be repaid in the original currency of such Loan and reborrowed in the other currency.

 

(b) Following receipt of a Committed Loan Notice, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each applicable Lender of the amount and currency of its ratable share of the applicable Tranche of Term Loans, Specified Refinancing Revolving Loans or Revolving Credit Loans, and if no timely notice of a conversion or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loan is provided by the Parent Borrower, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Lender of the details of any automatic conversion to Eurocurrency Rate Loans with an Interest Period of one month as described in Section 2.02(a). In the case of a Term Borrowing or a Revolving Credit Borrowing, each Appropriate Lender shall make the amount of its Loan available to the Administrative Agent in immediately available funds at the Administrative Agent’s Office not later than 2:00 p.m. (New York City time), on the Business Day specified in the applicable Committed Loan Notice. Each Lender may, at its option, make any Loan available to the Borrowers by causing any foreign or domestic branch or Affiliate of such Lender to make such Loan; provided that any exercise of such option shall not affect the obligation of the Borrowers to repay such Loan in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Upon satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.02 (or, if such Borrowing is the initial Credit Extension, Section 4.01), the Administrative Agent shall make all funds so received available to the Borrowers in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent either by (i) crediting the account of the Borrowers on the books of the Administrative Agent with the amount of such funds or (ii) wire transfer of such funds, in each case in accordance with instructions provided to (and reasonably acceptable to) the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower; provided, however, that if, on the date the Committed Loan Notice with respect to such Borrowing is given by the Parent Borrower, there are L/C Borrowings outstanding, then the proceeds of such Borrowing shall be applied, first, to the payment in full of any such L/C Borrowings, and second, to the Borrowers as provided above.

 

(c) Except as otherwise provided herein, a Eurocurrency Rate Loan may be continued or converted only on the last day of an Interest Period for such Eurocurrency Rate Loan unless the Borrowers pay the amount due under Section 3.06 in connection therewith. During the existence of an Event of Default, at the election of the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders, no Loans may be requested as, converted to or continued as Eurocurrency Rate Loans.

 

(d) The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Parent Borrower and the Lenders of the interest rate applicable to any Interest Period for Eurocurrency Rate Loans upon determination of such interest rate. The determination of the Eurocurrency Rate by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error.

 

82

 

 

(e) After giving effect to all Term Borrowings, all Revolving Credit Borrowings, all conversions of Term Loans or Revolving Credit Loans from one Type to the other, and all continuations of Term Loans or Revolving Credit Loans of the same Type, there shall not be more than ten Interest Periods in effect.

 

(f) The failure of any Lender to make the Loan to be made by it as part of any Borrowing shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation, if any, hereunder to make its Loan on the date of such Borrowing, but no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to make the Loan to be made by such other Lender on the date of any Borrowing, which for the avoidance of doubt does not limit such Lender’s obligations under Section 2.17.

 

Section 2.03 Letters of Credit.

 

(a) The Letter of Credit Commitment. (i) Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, (A) each L/C Issuer agrees, in reliance upon (among other things) the agreements of the other Revolving Credit Lenders set forth in this Section 2.03, (1) from time to time on any Business Day during the period from the Closing Date until the Letter of Credit Expiration Date, to issue Letters of Credit denominated in Dollars or an Alternative Currency for the account of the Parent Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary (provided that the Borrowers hereby irrevocably agree to reimburse the applicable L/C Issuer for amounts drawn on any Letters of Credit issued for the account of the Parent Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary on a joint and several basis with such Restricted Subsidiary) and to amend or renew Letters of Credit previously issued by it, in accordance with Section 2.03(c), and (2) to honor drafts under the Letters of Credit and (B) the Revolving Credit Lenders severally agree to participate in Letters of Credit issued for the account of the Parent Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary; provided that no L/C Issuer shall be obligated to make any L/C Credit Extension with respect to any Letter of Credit, and no Lender shall be obligated to participate in any Letter of Credit, if as of the date of such L/C Credit Extension (w) the aggregate amount of L/C Obligations owing to such L/C Issuer would exceed the Letter of Credit Commitment of such L/C Issuer, (x) the Total Revolving Credit Outstandings would exceed the Revolving Credit Facility, (y) the aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Revolving Credit Loans of any Lender, plus such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the Outstanding Amount of all L/C Obligations, would exceed such Lender’s Revolving Credit Commitment or (z) the Outstanding Amount of the L/C Obligations would exceed the Letter of Credit Sublimit. Within the foregoing limits, and subject to the terms and conditions hereof, the Borrowers’ ability to obtain Letters of Credit shall be fully revolving, and accordingly the Borrowers may, during the foregoing period, obtain Letters of Credit to replace Letters of Credit that have expired or that have been drawn upon and reimbursed. All Letters of Credit shall be denominated in Dollars or an Alternative Currency. In the event of any inconsistency between the terms and conditions of this Agreement and the terms and conditions of any Letter of Credit, the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall control.

 

(i) No L/C Issuer shall be under any obligation to issue any Letter of Credit (and, in the case of clause (B) and (C), no L/C Issuer shall issue any Letter of Credit) if:

 

(A) any order, judgment or decree of any Governmental Authority or arbitrator shall by its terms purport to enjoin or restrain such L/C Issuer from issuing such Letter of Credit, or any Law applicable to such L/C Issuer or any request or directive (whether or not having the force of Law) from any Governmental Authority with jurisdiction over such L/C Issuer shall prohibit, or request that such L/C Issuer refrain from, the issuance of letters of credit generally or such Letter of Credit in particular or shall impose upon such L/C Issuer with respect to such Letter of Credit any restriction, reserve or capital requirement (for which such L/C Issuer is not otherwise compensated hereunder) not in effect on the Closing Date, or shall impose upon such L/C Issuer any unreimbursed loss, cost or expense which was not applicable on the Closing Date and which, in each case, such L/C Issuer in good faith deems material to it;

 

(B) subject to Section 2.03(c)(iii), the expiry date of such requested Letter of Credit would occur more than 12 months after the date of issuance or last renewal, unless the Required Revolving Credit Lenders and the applicable L/C Issuer, in their sole discretion, have approved such expiry date;

 

(C) the expiry date of such requested Letter of Credit would occur after the Letter of Credit Expiration Date, unless (i) all the Revolving Credit Lenders and the applicable L/C Issuer have approved such expiry date and/or (ii) the applicable L/C Issuer has approved such expiry date and such requested Letter of Credit has been Cash Collateralized by the applicant requesting such Letter of Credit in accordance with Section 2.16 at least three Business Days prior to the Letter of Credit Expiration Date;

 

83

 

 

(D) the issuance of such Letter of Credit would violate one or more generally applicable policies of such L/C Issuer in place at the time of such request;

 

(E) such Letter of Credit is in an initial stated amount of less than $5,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount) or such lesser amount as is acceptable to the applicable L/C Issuer in its sole discretion;

 

(F) such Letter of Credit is denominated in a currency other than Dollars;

 

(G) such Letter of Credit is not a standby letter of credit; or

 

(H) any Revolving Credit Lender is at that time a Defaulting Lender, unless the applicable L/C Issuer has entered into arrangements, including reallocation of the Defaulting Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the outstanding L/C Obligations pursuant to Section 2.17(a)(iv) or the delivery of Cash Collateral in accordance with Section 2.16 with the Borrowers or such Lender to eliminate such L/C Issuer’s actual or potential Fronting Exposure (after giving effect to Section 2.17(a)(iv)) with respect to the Defaulting Lender arising from either the Letter of Credit then proposed to be issued or that Letter of Credit and all other L/C Obligations as to which such L/C Issuer has actual or potential Fronting Exposure under such Tranche.

 

(ii) No L/C Issuer shall be under any obligation to amend any Letter of Credit if (A) such L/C Issuer would have no obligation at such time to issue such Letter of Credit in its amended form under the terms hereof or (B) the beneficiary of such Letter of Credit does not accept the proposed amendment to such Letter of Credit.

 

(iii) Each L/C Issuer shall act on behalf of the Revolving Credit Lenders with respect to any Letters of Credit issued by it and the documents associated therewith, and each L/C Issuer shall have all of the benefits and immunities (A) provided to the Administrative Agent in Article IX with respect to any acts taken or omissions suffered by such L/C Issuer in connection with Letters of Credit issued by it or proposed to be issued by it and Issuer Documents pertaining to such Letters of Credit as fully as if the term “Administrative Agent” as used in Article IX included each L/C Issuer with respect to such acts or omissions, and (B) as additionally provided herein with respect to each L/C Issuer.

 

(b) The foregoing benefits and immunities shall not excuse any L/C Issuer from liability to the Borrowers to the extent of any direct damages (as opposed to indirect, special, consequential, punitive or exemplary damages claims which are hereby waived by the Borrowers to the extent permitted by applicable law) suffered by the Borrowers that are caused by such the L/C Issuer’s gross negligence or willful misconduct as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final and nonappealable judgment.

 

(c) Procedures for Issuance and Amendment of Letters of Credit; Auto-Renewal Letters of Credit. (i) Each Letter of Credit shall be issued or amended, as the case may be, upon the request of the Parent Borrower delivered to the applicable L/C Issuer (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) in the form of a Letter of Credit Application, including agreed-upon draft language for such Letter of Credit reasonably acceptable to the applicable L/C Issuer (it being understood that such draft language for each such Letter of Credit must be in English or, if agreed to in the sole discretion of the applicable L/C issuer, accompanied by an English translation certified by the Parent Borrower to be a true and correct English translation), appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower. Such Letter of Credit Application must be received by the applicable L/C Issuer and the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m. (New York City time) at least five Business Days (or such shorter period as such L/C Issuer and the Administrative Agent may agree in a particular instance in their sole discretion) prior to the proposed issuance date or date of amendment, as the case may be. In the case of a request for an initial issuance of a Letter of Credit, such Letter of Credit Application shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the applicable L/C Issuer: (A) the proposed issuance date of the requested Letter of Credit (which shall be a Business Day not later than 30 days prior to the Maturity Date of the Revolving Credit Facility, unless the Administrative Agent and the applicable L/C Issuer otherwise agree); (B) the amount thereof and the currency in which such Letter of Credit is to be denominated; (C) the expiry date thereof; (D) the name and address of the beneficiary thereof; (E) the documents to be presented by such beneficiary in case of any drawing thereunder; (F) the full text of any certificate or other documents to be presented by such beneficiary in case of any drawing thereunder; (G) the Person for whose account the requested Letter of Credit is to be issued (which must be a Borrower Party); and (H) such other matters as the applicable L/C Issuer may reasonably request. In the case of a request for an amendment of any outstanding Letter of Credit, such Letter of Credit Application shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the applicable L/C Issuer: (1) the Letter of Credit to be amended; (2) the proposed date of amendment thereof (which shall be a Business Day); (3) the nature of the proposed amendment and (4) such other matters as the applicable L/C Issuer may reasonably request.

 

84

 

 

(ii) Promptly following delivery of any Letter of Credit Application to the applicable L/C Issuer, the Parent Borrower will confirm with the Administrative Agent that the Administrative Agent has received a copy of such Letter of Credit Application and, if the Administrative Agent has not received a copy of such Letter of Credit Application, then the Parent Borrower will provide the Administrative Agent with a copy thereof. Upon receipt by such L/C Issuer of confirmation from the Administrative Agent that the requested issuance or amendment is permitted in accordance with the terms hereof, then, subject to the terms and conditions hereof, such L/C Issuer shall, on the requested date, issue a Letter of Credit for the account of the Parent Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary (as designated in the Letter of Credit Application) or enter into the applicable amendment, as the case may be. Immediately upon the issuance of each Letter of Credit, each Revolving Credit Lender shall be deemed to, and hereby irrevocably and unconditionally agrees to, purchase from the applicable L/C Issuer a risk participation in such Letter of Credit in an amount equal to such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the Revolving Credit Facility multiplied by the amount of such Letter of Credit.

 

(iii) If the Parent Borrower on behalf of the applicable Borrower Party so requests in any applicable Letter of Credit Application, the applicable L/C Issuer may, in its sole and absolute discretion, agree to issue a Letter of Credit that has automatic renewal provisions (each, an “Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit”); provided that any such Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit must permit such L/C Issuer to prevent any such renewal at least once in each twelve-month period (commencing with the date of issuance of such Letter of Credit) by giving prior notice to the beneficiary thereof not later than a day in each such twelve-month period to be agreed upon at the time such Letter of Credit is issued. Unless otherwise directed by the applicable L/C Issuer, the Parent Borrower shall not be required to make a specific request to such L/C Issuer for any such renewal. Once an Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit has been issued, the Revolving Credit Lenders shall be deemed to have authorized (but may not require) the applicable L/C Issuer to permit the renewal of such Letter of Credit at any time to an expiry date not later than the Letter of Credit Expiration Date; provided, however, that such L/C Issuer shall not be required to permit any such renewal if such L/C Issuer has determined that it would have no obligation at such time to issue such Letter of Credit in its renewed form under the terms hereof (by reason of the provisions of Section 2.03(a)(ii) or otherwise).

 

(iv) Promptly after its delivery of any Letter of Credit or any amendment to a Letter of Credit to an advising bank with respect thereto or to the beneficiary thereof, the applicable L/C Issuer will also (A) deliver to the Parent Borrower, the applicable Borrower Party and the Administrative Agent a true and complete copy of such Letter of Credit or amendment and (B) the Administrative Agent in turn will notify each Revolving Credit Lender of such issuance or amendment and the amount of such Revolving Credit Lender’s Pro Rata Share therein.

 

(v) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth above, the issuance of any Letters of Credit by any L/C Issuer under this Agreement shall be subject to such reasonable additional letter of credit issuance procedures and requirements as may be required by such L/C Issuer’s internal letter of credit issuance policies and procedures, in its sole discretion, as in effect at the time of such issuance, including requirements with respect to the prior receipt by such L/C Issuer of customary “know your customer” information regarding a prospective account party or applicant that is not a Borrower hereunder, as well as regarding any beneficiaries of a requested Letter of Credit. Additionally, if (a) the beneficiary of a Letter of Credit issued hereunder is an issuer of a letter of credit not governed by this Agreement for the account of the Parent Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary (an “Other LC”), and (b) such Letter of Credit is issued to provide credit support for such Other LC, no amendments may be made to such Other LC without the consent of the applicable L/C Issuer hereunder.

 

85

 

 

(d) Drawings and Reimbursements; Funding of Participations. (i) Upon receipt from the beneficiary of any Letter of Credit drawing under such Letter of Credit, the applicable L/C Issuer shall notify the Parent Borrower thereof. Each L/C Issuer shall notify the Parent Borrower on the date of any payment by such L/C Issuer under a Letter of Credit (each such date, an “Honor Date”), and the Borrowers shall reimburse such L/C Issuer through the Administrative Agent in the Dollar Equivalent of such drawing no later than on the next succeeding Business Day (and any reimbursement made on such next Business Day shall be taken into account in computing interest and fees in respect of any such Letter of Credit) after the Parent Borrower shall have received notice of such payment with interest on the amount so paid or disbursed by such L/C Issuer, to the extent not reimbursed prior to 3:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the applicable Honor Date, from and including the date paid or disbursed to but excluding the date such L/C Issuer was reimbursed by the Borrowers therefor at a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate as in effect from time to time plus the Applicable Rate as in effect from time to time for Revolving Credit Loans that are maintained as Base Rate Loans. If the Borrowers fail to so reimburse such L/C Issuer on such next Business Day, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Revolving Credit Lender of the Honor Date, the amount of the unreimbursed drawing (the “Unreimbursed Amount”), and the amount of such Revolving Credit Lender’s Pro Rata Share thereof. In such event, in the case of an Unreimbursed Amount, the Borrowers shall be deemed to have requested a Revolving Credit Borrowing of Base Rate Loans in Dollars to be disbursed on such date in an amount equal to the Dollar Equivalent of the Unreimbursed Amount, in accordance with the requirements of Section 2.02 but without regard to the minimum and multiples specified in Section 2.02 for the principal amount of Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans, as the case may be, but subject to the amount of the unutilized portion of the Revolving Credit Commitments and the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 (other than the delivery of a Committed Loan Notice). Any notice given by an L/C Issuer or the Administrative Agent pursuant to this Section 2.03(d)(i) may be given by telephone if promptly confirmed in writing; provided that the lack of such a prompt confirmation shall not affect the conclusiveness or binding effect of such notice.

 

(ii) Each Revolving Credit Lender (including each Lender acting as an L/C Issuer) shall upon any notice pursuant to Section 2.03(d)(i) make funds available (and the Administrative Agent may apply Cash Collateral provided for this purpose) for the account of the applicable L/C Issuer, at the Administrative Agent’s Office in an amount equal to, and in the same currency as, its applicable Pro Rata Share of the Unreimbursed Amount not later than 3:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the Business Day specified in such notice by the Administrative Agent, whereupon, subject to the provisions of Section 2.03(d)(iii), each Revolving Credit Lender that so makes funds available shall be deemed to have made a Base Rate Revolving Credit Loan to the Borrowers in such amount. The Administrative Agent shall promptly remit the funds so received to the applicable L/C Issuer.

 

(iii) With respect to any Unreimbursed Amount that is not fully refinanced by a Revolving Credit Borrowing of Base Rate Loans because the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 cannot be satisfied or for any other reason, the Borrowers shall be deemed to have incurred from the applicable L/C Issuer an L/C Borrowing denominated in Dollars in the Dollar Equivalent amount of the Unreimbursed Amount that is not so refinanced, which L/C Borrowing shall be due and payable on demand (together with interest) and shall bear interest at the Default Rate then applicable to Base Rate Revolving Credit Loans. In such event, each Revolving Credit Lender’s payment to the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable L/C Issuer pursuant to Section 2.03(d)(ii) shall be deemed payment in respect of its participation in such L/C Borrowing and shall constitute an L/C Advance from such Lender in satisfaction of its participation obligation under this Section 2.03.

 

(iv) Until each Revolving Credit Lender funds its Revolving Credit Loan or L/C Advance pursuant to this Section 2.03(d) to reimburse the applicable L/C Issuer for any amount drawn under any Letter of Credit, interest in respect of such Lender’s applicable Pro Rata Share of such amount shall be solely for the account of such L/C Issuer.

 

(v) Each Revolving Credit Lender’s obligation to make Revolving Credit Loans or L/C Advances to reimburse the applicable L/C Issuer for amounts drawn under Letters of Credit, as contemplated by this Section 2.03(d), shall be absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance, including (A) any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, defense or other right which such Lender may have against such L/C Issuer, the Borrowers or any other Person for any reason whatsoever, (B) the occurrence or continuance of a Default or (C) any other occurrence, event or condition, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing; provided, however, that each Revolving Credit Lender’s obligation to make Revolving Credit Loans pursuant to this Section 2.03(d) is subject to the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 (other than delivery by the Parent Borrower of a Committed Loan Notice). No such making of an L/C Advance shall relieve or otherwise impair the obligation of the Borrowers to reimburse the applicable L/C Issuer for the amount of any payment made by the applicable L/C Issuer under any Letter of Credit, together with interest as provided herein.

 

86

 

 

(vi) If any Revolving Credit Lender fails to make available to the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable L/C Issuer any amount required to be paid by such Lender pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.03(d) by the time specified in Section 2.03(d)(ii), then, without limiting the other provisions of this Agreement, such L/C Issuer shall be entitled to recover from such Lender (acting through the Administrative Agent), on demand, such amount with interest thereon for the period from the date such payment is required to the date on which such payment is immediately available to such L/C Issuer at a rate per annum equal to the greater of the NYFRB Rate from time to time in effect and a rate reasonably determined by such L/C Issuer in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, plus any reasonable administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by such L/C Issuer in connection with the foregoing. If such Lender pays such principal amount, the amount so paid (less interest and fees) shall constitute such Lender’s Loan included in the relevant Borrowing or L/C Advance in respect of the relevant L/C Borrowing, as the case may be. A certificate of the applicable L/C Issuer submitted to any Revolving Credit Lender (through the Administrative Agent) with respect to any amounts owing under this Section 2.03(d)(vi) shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

 

(e) Repayment of Participations. (i) If, at any time after an L/C Issuer has made a payment under any Letter of Credit issued by it and has received from any Revolving Credit Lender such Lender’s L/C Advance in respect of such payment in accordance with Section 2.03(d), the Administrative Agent receives for the account of such L/C Issuer any payment in respect of the related Unreimbursed Amount or interest thereon (whether directly from the Borrowers or otherwise, including proceeds of Cash Collateral applied thereto by the Administrative Agent), the Administrative Agent will distribute to such Lender its applicable Pro Rata Share thereof (appropriately adjusted, in the case of interest payments, to reflect the period of time during which such Lender’s L/C Advance was outstanding) in the same funds as those received by the Administrative Agent.

 

(ii) If any payment received by the Administrative Agent for the account of an L/C Issuer pursuant to Section 2.03(d)(i) is required to be returned under any of the circumstances described in Section 10.06 (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by such L/C Issuer in its discretion), each Revolving Credit Lender shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of such L/C Issuer its applicable Pro Rata Share thereof on demand of the Administrative Agent, plus interest thereon from the date of such demand to the date such amount is returned by such Lender, at a rate per annum equal to the NYFRB Rate from time to time in effect. The obligations of the Lenders under this clause shall survive the payment in full of the Obligations and the termination of this Agreement.

 

(f) Obligations Absolute. The obligation of the Borrowers to reimburse the applicable L/C Issuer for each drawing under each Letter of Credit and to repay each L/C Borrowing shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable, and shall be paid strictly in accordance with the terms of this Agreement under all circumstances, including the following:

 

(i) any lack of validity or enforceability of such Letter of Credit, this Agreement, or any other agreement or instrument relating thereto;

 

(ii) the existence of any claim, counterclaim, setoff, defense or other right that the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary may have at any time against any beneficiary or any transferee of such Letter of Credit (or any Person for whom any such beneficiary or any such transferee may be acting), the applicable L/C Issuer or any other Person, whether in connection with this Agreement, the transactions contemplated hereby or by such Letter of Credit or any agreement or instrument relating thereto, or any unrelated transaction;

 

(iii) any draft, demand, certificate or other document presented under such Letter of Credit proving to be forged, fraudulent, invalid or insufficient in any respect or any statement therein being untrue or inaccurate in any respect; or any loss or delay in the transmission or otherwise of any document required in order to make a drawing under such Letter of Credit;

 

87

 

 

(iv) any payment by the applicable L/C Issuer under such Letter of Credit against presentation of a draft, certificate or other drawing document that does not comply with the terms of such Letter of Credit; or any payment made by the applicable L/C Issuer under such Letter of Credit to any Person purporting to be a trustee in bankruptcy, debtor-in-possession, assignee for the benefit of creditors, administrator, administrative receiver, judicial manager, liquidator, receiver or other representative of or successor to any beneficiary or any transferee of such Letter of Credit, including any arising in connection with any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law;

 

(v) any exchange, release or non-perfection of any Collateral, or any release or amendment or waiver of or consent to departure from the Guaranty or any other guarantee, for all or any of the Obligations of the Borrowers in respect of such Letter of Credit;

 

(vi) any adverse change in the relevant exchange rates or in the availability of the relevant Alternative Currency to the Borrowers’ or any Subsidiary or in the relevant currency markets generally; or

 

(vii) any other circumstance or happening whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing, including any other circumstance that might otherwise constitute a defense available to, or a legal or equitable discharge of, or provide a right of setoff against the Borrowers’ obligations hereunder.

 

The Borrowers shall promptly examine a copy of each Letter of Credit and each amendment thereto that is delivered to it and, in the event of any claim of noncompliance with the instructions of the Borrowers or other irregularity, the Parent Borrower will promptly notify the applicable L/C Issuer. The Borrowers shall be conclusively deemed to have waived any such claim against any L/C Issuer and its correspondents unless such notice is given as aforesaid.

 

(g) Role of L/C Issuer. Each Lender and each Borrower agree that, in paying any drawing under a Letter of Credit, the applicable L/C Issuer shall not have any responsibility to obtain any document (other than any sight draft, certificates and other documents expressly required by the Letter of Credit) or to ascertain or inquire as to the validity or accuracy of any such document or the authority of the Person executing or delivering any such document. None of the applicable L/C Issuer, any Agent-Related Person nor any of the respective correspondents, participants or assignees of the applicable L/C Issuer shall be liable to any Lender for (i) any action taken or omitted in connection herewith at the request or with the approval of the Revolving Credit Lenders or the Required Revolving Lenders, as applicable; (ii) any action taken or omitted in the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final and nonappealable judgment or (iii) the due execution, effectiveness, validity or enforceability of any document or instrument related to any Letter of Credit or Letter of Credit Application. The Borrowers hereby assume all risks of the acts or omissions of any beneficiary or transferee with respect to its use of any Letter of Credit; provided, however, that this assumption is not intended to, and shall not, preclude the Borrowers from pursuing such rights and remedies as it may have against the beneficiary or transferee at Law or under any other agreement. None of the applicable L/C Issuer, any Agent-Related Person, nor any of the respective correspondents, participants or assignees of such L/C Issuer, shall be liable or responsible for any of the matters described in clauses (i) through (v) of Section 2.03(f); provided, however, that anything in such clauses to the contrary notwithstanding, the Borrowers may have a claim against such L/C Issuer, and such L/C Issuer may be liable to the Borrowers, to the extent, but only to the extent, of any direct, as opposed to indirect, special, punitive, consequential or exemplary, damages suffered by the Borrowers which a court of competent jurisdiction determines in a final non-appealable judgment were caused by such L/C Issuer’s willful misconduct or gross negligence. In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, the applicable L/C Issuer may, in its sole discretion, either accept documents that appear on their face to be in order and make payment upon such documents, without responsibility for further investigation, regardless of any notice or information to the contrary, and such L/C Issuer shall not be responsible for the validity or sufficiency of any instrument transferring or assigning or purporting to transfer or assign a Letter of Credit or the rights or benefits thereunder or proceeds thereof, in whole or in part, which may prove to be invalid or ineffective for any reason or refuse to accept and make payment upon such documents if such documents are not in strict compliance with the terms of such Letter of Credit.

 

88

 

 

(h) Letter of Credit Fees. The Borrowers shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Credit Lender in accordance with its applicable Pro Rata Share, a Letter of Credit fee in Dollars which shall accrue for each Letter of Credit in an amount equal to the Applicable Rate then in effect for Eurocurrency Rate Loans with respect to the Revolving Credit Facility multiplied by the daily maximum Dollar Equivalent amount then available to be drawn under such Letter of Credit (whether or not such maximum amount is then in effect under such Letter of Credit if such maximum amount increases automatically pursuant to the terms of such Letter of Credit); provided, however, that any Letter of Credit fees otherwise payable for the account of a Defaulting Lender with respect to any Letter of Credit as to which such Defaulting Lender has not provided Cash Collateral satisfactory to the applicable L/C Issuer pursuant to this Section 2.03 shall be payable, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable Law, to the other Revolving Credit Lenders in accordance with the upward adjustments in their respective applicable Pro Rata Shares allocable to such Letter of Credit pursuant to Section 2.17(a)(iv) with the balance of such fee, if any, payable to the applicable L/C Issuer for its own account. Such Letter of Credit fees shall be computed on a quarterly basis in arrears and shall be due and payable on the last Business Day of each fiscal quarter, in respect of the quarterly period then ending (or portion thereof, in the case of the first payment), commencing with the first such date to occur after the issuance of such Letter of Credit, on the Letter of Credit Expiration Date and thereafter on demand. If there is any change in the Applicable Rate during any quarter, the daily maximum amount of each Letter of Credit shall be computed and multiplied by the Applicable Rate separately for each period during such quarter that such Applicable Rate was in effect.

 

(i) Fronting Fee and Documentary and Processing Charges Payable to an L/C Issuer. The Borrowers shall pay directly to the applicable L/C Issuer for its own account a fronting fee in Dollars equal to 0.125% of the maximum daily Dollar Equivalent amount available to be drawn under such Letter of Credit on a quarterly basis in arrears. Such fronting fee shall be due and payable on the last Business Day of each fiscal quarter beginning with the last Business Day of the first full fiscal quarter to end after the Closing Date in respect of the quarterly period then ending (or portion thereof, in the case of the first payment), commencing with the first such date to occur after the issuance of such Letter of Credit, on the Letter of Credit Expiration Date and thereafter on demand. For purposes of computing the maximum daily amount available to be drawn under any Letter of Credit, the amount of such Letter of Credit shall be determined in accordance with Section 1.09. In addition, the Borrowers shall pay directly to the applicable L/C Issuer for its own account the customary issuance, presentation, administration, amendment and other processing fees, and other standard costs and charges, of such L/C Issuer relating to letters of credit as from time to time in effect. Such customary fees and standard costs and charges are due and payable within five Business Days of demand and are nonrefundable.

 

(j) Conflict with Letter of Credit Application. In the event of any conflict between the terms hereof and the terms of any Letter of Credit Application, the terms hereof shall control.

 

(k) Reporting. To the extent that any Letters of Credit are issued by an L/C Issuer other than the Administrative Agent, each such L/C Issuer shall furnish to the Administrative Agent a report detailing the daily L/C Obligations outstanding under all Letters of Credit issued by it, such report to be in a form and at reporting intervals as shall be agreed between the Administrative Agent and such L/C Issuer; provided that in no event shall such reports be furnished at intervals greater than 31 days.

 

(l) Provisions Related to Extended Revolving Credit Commitments. If the Maturity Date in respect of any Tranche of Revolving Credit Commitments occurs prior to the expiration of any Letter of Credit, then (i) if one or more other Tranches of Revolving Credit Commitments in respect of which the Maturity Date shall not have occurred are then in effect, such Letters of Credit shall automatically be deemed to have been issued (including for purposes of the obligations of the Revolving Credit Lenders to purchase participations therein and to make Revolving Credit Loans and payments in respect thereof pursuant to this Section 2.03) under (and ratably participated in by Lenders pursuant to) the Revolving Credit Commitments in respect of such non-terminating Tranches up to an aggregate amount not to exceed the aggregate principal amount of the unutilized Revolving Credit Commitments thereunder at such time (it being understood that no partial face amount of any Letter of Credit may be so reallocated) and to the extent any Letters of Credit are not able to be reallocated pursuant to this clause (l) and there are outstanding Revolving Credit Loans under the non-terminating Tranches, the Borrowers agree to repay all such Revolving Credit Loans (or such lesser amount as is necessary to reallocate all Letters of Credit pursuant to this clause (l)) or (ii) to the extent not reallocated pursuant to immediately preceding clause (i), the Borrowers shall Cash Collateralize any such Letter of Credit in accordance with Section 2.16 but only up to the amount of such Letter of Credit not so reallocated. Except to the extent of reallocations of participations pursuant to clause (i) of the immediately preceding sentence, the occurrence of a Maturity Date with respect to a given tranche of Revolving Credit Commitments shall have no effect upon (and shall not diminish) the percentage participations of the Revolving Credit Lenders in any Letter of Credit issued before such Maturity Date.

 

89

 

 

Section 2.04 [Reserved].

 

Section 2.05 Prepayments.

 

(a) Optional. (i) A Borrower may, upon notice by the Parent Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit L-1 to the Administrative Agent, at any time or from time to time voluntarily prepay Loans in whole or in part without premium or penalty except as set forth in Section 2.05(a)(iii) below; provided that (1) such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m. (New York City time) (A) three Business Days prior to any date of prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loan, (B) four Business Days prior to any date of prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans denominated in Alternative Currencies and (C) on the date of prepayment of Base Rate Loans (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent shall agree); (2) any prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be (x) in a principal amount of $2,000,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount), or (y) a whole multiple of $1,000,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount) in excess thereof; and (3) any prepayment of Base Rate Loans shall be (x) in a principal amount of $500,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount), or (y) a whole multiple of $500,000 (or the Alternative Currency Equivalent of such amount) in excess thereof or, in each case, if less, the entire principal amount thereof then outstanding. Each such notice shall specify the date, amount and currency of such prepayment, the Tranche of Loans to be prepaid, the Type(s) of Loans to be prepaid and, if Eurocurrency Rate Loans are to be prepaid, the Interest Period(s) of such Loans (except that if the class of Loans to be prepaid includes both Base Rate Loans and Eurocurrency Rate Loans, absent direction by the Parent Borrower, the applicable prepayment shall be applied first to Base Rate Loans to the full extent thereof before application to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, in each case in a manner that minimizes the amount payable by the applicable Borrower in respect of such prepayment pursuant to Section 3.06). The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Lender of its receipt of each such notice, and of the amount of such Lender’s ratable portion of such prepayment (based on such Lender’s ratable share of the relevant Facility). If such notice is given by the Parent Borrower, subject to clause (ii) below, the applicable Borrower shall make such prepayment and the payment amount specified in such notice shall be due and payable on the date specified therein. Any prepayment of a Eurocurrency Rate Loan shall be accompanied by all accrued interest thereon, together with any additional amounts required pursuant to Section 2.05(a)(iii) and Section 3.06. Each prepayment of the principal of, and interest on, any Revolving Credit Loans denominated in an Alternative Currency shall be made in the relevant Alternative Currency. Subject to Section 2.17, each prepayment of outstanding Term Loan Tranches pursuant to this Section 2.05(a) shall be applied to the Term Loan Tranche or Term Loan Tranches designated on such notice on a pro rata basis within such Term Loan Tranche. Subject to Section 2.17, each prepayment of an outstanding Term Loan Tranche pursuant to this Section 2.05(a) shall be applied to the remaining amortization payments of such Term Loan Tranche as directed by the Parent Borrower (or, if the Parent Borrower has not made such designation, in direct order of maturity), but, in any event, on a pro rata basis to the Lenders within such Term Loan Tranche.

 

(ii) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, any notice of prepayment under Section 2.05(a)(i) may state that it is conditioned upon the occurrence or non-occurrence of any event specified therein (including the effectiveness of other credit facilities), in which case such notice may be revoked by the Parent Borrower (by written notice to the Administrative Agent on or prior to the specified effective date) if such condition is not satisfied or specify that such notice is not automatically extended until the occurrence of such event specified therein.

 

(iii) If the Borrowers, in connection with, or resulting in, any Repricing Event (A) make a voluntary prepayment of any Initial Term Loans pursuant to Section 2.05(a), (B) make a repayment of any Initial Term Loans pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(iii) or (C) effect any amendment with respect to the Initial Term Loans for purposes of effectuating a Repricing Event, in each case, on or prior to the date that is six (6) months after the Closing Date, the Borrowers shall pay to the Administrative Agent, for the ratable account of the applicable Term Lenders (x) with respect to clauses (A) and (B), a prepayment premium in an amount equal to 1.00% of the principal amount of Term Loans prepaid or repaid and (y) with respect to clause (C), a prepayment premium in an amount equal to 1.00% of the principal amount of the affected Term Loans held by the Term Lenders not consenting to such amendment.

 

90

 

 

(b) Mandatory. (i) For any Excess Cash Flow Period, within ten Business Days after financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) and the related Compliance Certificate has been delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) (or, if later, the date on which such financial statements and such Compliance Certificate are required to be delivered), the Parent Borrower shall prepay an aggregate principal amount of Term Loans in an amount equal to (A) 50% (as may be adjusted pursuant to the proviso below) of Excess Cash Flow for such Excess Cash Flow Period, minus (B) the sum of (1) the aggregate amount of voluntary principal prepayments of the Loans, and any other Indebtedness secured on a pari passu basis with the Term Loans, in each case, made during the period commencing on the first day of the relevant Excess Cash Flow Period and ending on the date immediately prior to the date on which the relevant Excess Cash Flow prepayment is or would be required to be made (including prepayments at a discount to par and open market purchases, with credit given for the actual cash amount so prepaid) (except prepayments of Loans under any Revolving Tranche or any other revolving Indebtedness that are not accompanied by a corresponding permanent commitment reduction of the Revolving Tranches or the corresponding revolving credit commitments, as applicable), in each case other than to the extent that any such prepayment is funded with the proceeds of Specified Refinancing Debt, Refinancing Notes or any other long-term Indebtedness, (2) repayments, prepayments, repurchases, redemptions and other cash payments made with respect to the principal of any Indebtedness (including principal representing capitalized interest) or the principal component of any Capitalized Lease Obligations of such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such period (excluding voluntary and mandatory prepayments of Term Loans and any such payment from the proceeds of long-term Indebtedness, but including all premium, make-whole or penalty payments paid in cash (to the extent such payments are not expensed during such period or are not deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income and such payments are not otherwise prohibited under this Agreement) and all repayments with respect to revolving Indebtedness to the extent accompanied by a corresponding reduction in commitments); provided that, with respect to any mandatory prepayment of Indebtedness (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, Term Loans), such prepayments shall only be deducted pursuant to this clause (i) to the extent not deducted in the computation of net proceeds in respect of the asset disposition or condemnation giving rise thereto; (3) (x) cash payments made by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such period in respect of capital expenditures, acquisitions (including of intellectual property) and Investments and (y) cash payments that such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries has committed to make or is required to make in respect of capital expenditures, acquisitions (including of intellectual property) and Investments within 365 days after the end of such period pursuant to binding obligations entered into prior to or during such period or, at the Parent Borrower’s option, cash payments made or binding contracts entered into after the end of such period and prior to the date of such Excess Cash Flow payment for such period; provided that amounts described in this clause (y) will not reduce Excess Cash Flow in subsequent periods, and, to the extent not paid, will increase Excess Cash Flow in the subsequent period, (4) (x) cash payments made by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such period in respect of Taxes (including Tax Distributions permitted hereunder), to the extent such payments exceed the amount of tax expense deducted in calculating such Consolidated Net Income, and (y) cash payments that such Person or any Restricted Subsidiaries will be required to make in respect of Taxes (including Tax Distributions permitted hereunder) within 180 days after the end of such period, and (5) to the extent not deducted in arriving at Consolidated Net Income, cash fees, expenses and purchase price adjustments incurred in connection with the Transactions, any acquisition consummated before or after the Closing Date or any Permitted Investment, Equity Issuance or debt issuance (whether or